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Clinical Meeting On A young Adult with Clubbing & Cyanosis PowerPoint Presentation
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Clinical Meeting On A young Adult with Clubbing & Cyanosis

Clinical Meeting On A young Adult with Clubbing & Cyanosis

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Clinical Meeting On A young Adult with Clubbing & Cyanosis

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  1. Clinical MeetingOnA young Adult with Clubbing & Cyanosis CHAIRPERSON: Dr. Md. Saiful Bari Associate professor & Head Dept. of Cardiology, MMCH Speaker: Dr. Mahmud Hossain MD Student (Thesis part), Cardiology, MMC

  2. Particulars of the patient Name : Mr. Habibur Rahman Age : 36 Years Sex : Male Religion : Islam Marital Status : Married Occupation : Business Address : Katbaula, Muktagacha, Mymensingh Date of Admission : 23/10/2011 Date of examination : 23/10/2011

  3. Presenting Complaints Bluish discoloration of lips, tongue and fingers for 3 years. Shortness of breath for 1 year. Recurrent palpitation for 5 months.

  4. History of present illness According to the statement of the patient he was reasonably well three years back. Then he noticed bluish discoloration of lips, tongue and fingers which aggravated on exertion. He also noticed gradual swelling of tips of fingers and toes. He developed shortness of breath which initially occurred with moderate to heavy exertion. At present it happens even at rest. Breathlessness was associated with fatigue and cough with frothy sputum but not blood tinged. It was not associated with chest pain. This symptom has no diurnal and seasonal variation. He gave history of occasional breathlessness at night.

  5. History of present illness contd… The patient also complaints of palpitation for 05 months. Initially it was abrupt in onset and terminate spontaneously. But from the last two months it increased in frequency and duration. Palpitation was not associated with chest pain, and syncope but associated with dizziness and increased frequency of micturition. For these complaints he consulted with local physician but no improvement. With above complaints he got admitted into MMCH for better management.

  6. History of past illness Patient gave no history suggestive of rheumatic fever and infective endocarditis. Prenatal, natal and post natal history could not be taken due to death of parents.

  7. Treatment History Patient took some medicine but cannot mention the name of drugs.

  8. Family History Parents not alive and died from natural cause. He has two brothers and two sisters, one son and one daughter. They are all alive and apparently healthy.

  9. Socioeconomic History Patient came from a poor socioeconomic family

  10. Personal History He is smoker. He takes 10-15 sticks/day for last 15 years. He is non alcoholic

  11. Immunization History He was immunized against tuberculosis.

  12. Physical Examination General Examination: Appearance - Ill looking Decubitus - Sitting Body build - Average Co-operation - Co-operative Nutrition - Average Anemia - Absent Jaundice - Absent

  13. Physical Examination General Examination: Cyanosis - Present (central) Clubbing - Present in fingers and toes Oedema - Present Leuconychia - Absent Pigmentation - Normal Skin eruption - Absent

  14. General Examination contd… Deformities - Absent Lymph node - Not palpable Thyroid gland - Not enlarged JVP - Raised Pulse - 130 beats/min (Irregularly irregular) Blood pressure - 90/70 mm of Hg Respiration - 25/min Temperature - 980F Dehydration - Absent

  15. Systemic Examination Cardiovascular system- Arterial pulse: Rate - 130 beats/min with pulsus deficit 50 beats/minute Rhythm - Irregularly irregular Volume & Character - Normal Symmetry - All peripheral pulses are bilateral symmetrically palpable Condition of the vessel wall – Normal Radio-Femoral delay – absent

  16. Systemic Examination contd… Examination of precordium : Inspection: Size & shape - Normal Venous engorgement - Absent Apex beat - Visible Deformity or scar mark - Absent

  17. Systemic Examination contd… Palpation: Apical impulse in left 6th intercostal space 10 cm from mid sternal line, forceful and ill sustained . Left parasternal heave – Absent P2 – Not palpable Thrill – Absent

  18. Systemic Examination contd… Auscultation: Heart sound: 1st heart sound is soft . Pulmonary component of 2nd heart sound is also soft . Murmur : Ejection systolic murmur in the left 2nd and 3rd intercostal spaces radiating towards left clavicle, grade 3/6. A pansystolic murmur in the mitral area with left axillary radiation, grade- 2/6.

  19. Systemic Examination contd… Respiratory system : RR 25/min, Breath sound vesicular, Bi-lateral basal crepitation present. Alimentary system : size & shape of abdomen normal, umbilicus centrally placed & inverted and liver is just palpable and tender. All other systems : Reveals no abnormalities.

  20. Salient Feature Mr. Habibur Rahman, 36 years, businessman, Married,normotensive,nondiabetic, nonalcoholic, smoker, hailing from katbaula, Muktagacha, Mymensingh admitted into this hospital with the complaints of bluish discolouration of lips, tongue and fingers for three years which aggravated on exertion. He also noticed gradual swelling of tips of fingers and toes.

  21. Salient feature contd… Subsequently he developed shortness of breath for last one year, which was initially NYHA class –II but now NYHA class-iv. Breathlessness was associated with fatigue and cough with frothy sputum but not blood tinged. It was not associated with chest pain. This symptom had no diurnal or seasonal variation. He gave history suggestive of PND

  22. Salient feature contd… Patient also complaints of palpitation for 5 months. Initially it was abrupt in onset and terminate spontaneously. But for the last few months it increased in frequency and duration. Palpitation is not associated with chest pain and syncope but associated with dizziness and increased frequency of micturition.

  23. Salient feature contd… He gave no H/o weakness of any part of the body. On general examination patient was ill looking, decubitus sitting position, patient has clubbing both in fingers and toes. cyanosis present in lips and tongue.

  24. Salient Feature JVP raised and oedema present, no anaemia, jaundice, leuconychia, koilonychia. Pulse 130 beats/ min, irregularly irregular with pulse deficit 50 beats/min.

  25. Salient Feature BP- 90/70 mm Hg, RR 25/min, temperature 980F. Cardiovascular system examination revealsApex beat is in left 6th intercostal space 10 cm from mid sternal line which is forceful and ill sustained. Left parasternal heave absent, no palpable P2 and thrill.

  26. Salient feature contd… On auscultation S1 is soft pulmonary component of S2 also soft. Ejection systolic murmur in the left 2nd and 3rd intercostal spaces radiating towards left clavicle, grade 3/6. A pansystolic murmur in the mitral area with left axillary radiation, grade- 2/6.

  27. Salient feature contd… On examination of respiratory system there is bi-lateral basal rales. On examination of alimentary system liver is just palpable and tender, no ascites. Examination of all other systems reveals no abnormality.

  28. .???? ? ?

  29. Provisional Diagnosis Tetralogy of Fallot with MR with Atrial Fibrillation with Heart failure

  30. Differential Diagnosis PS with VSD with heart failure with MR with AF Eisenmenger’s syndrome with AF with heart failure Ebstein’s anomaly with heart failure with AF DORV with heart failure with MR with AF

  31. Investigations:ECG 1: Lead I, II, III=>AF with fast ventricular rate.

  32. ECG 2: Lead V1, V2, V3

  33. Investigations ECG: AF with Fast ventricular rate Chest X-ray (P/A view): Cardiac enlargement Right sided pleural effusion

  34. Investigations (contd.) ECho-2D. M mode & colour doppler Situs solitus, Levocardia Single ventricle with double inlet and double outlet Severe valvular pulmonary stenosis (PPG-85 mmHg) MR (Gr-ll) Good ventricular systolic function

  35. Investigations (contd.) Investigations not yet done Cardiac catheterization Coronary angiography MRI

  36. Investigations (contd.) Blood : Total count - 9,000 /cu mm Differential count : Neutrophils - 73% Lymphocytes - 22% Monocytes - 04% Eosinophils - 01% Hemoglobin (Hb) - 16.7 gm/dl ESR - 05 mm 1st hour

  37. Investigations (contd.) Peripheral blood film- RBC- Normocytic normochromic WBC- Mature Platelets- Normal in number Comments : Suggestive of secondary erythrocytosis.

  38. Investigations (contd.) RBS - 6.5 mg/dl S.Creatinine - 1.2 mg/dl S. Electrolytes - Na+ 125 mmol/dl K+ - 3.8 mmol/dl Cl- - 98 mmol/dl

  39. Dx Single ventricle with double inlet and double outlet with severe valvular pulmonary stenosis with MR Grade –II with heart failure with AF (Reverted)

  40. Management Medical Management: a) Treatment of heart failure. b) Anti-arrhythmic drugs. c) Prophylaxis against infective endocarditis.

  41. Management Surgical Management: Bidirectional Glenn’s operation. Modified Fontan operation.