Unit 2English Consonants: Stops /p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /k/ /g/
Have a try /p/ poke top ten spot Stop Pete.
Allophonic variations of /p/ Allophone Occurrence Example [ph] 在首字母和重读音节中送气 poke [p-] 在词尾失去爆破 top ten [pɔ] 在s 后不送气 spot [p:] 延长时间 Stop Pete. [p~] 爆破在鼻腔 Stop him.
Allophonic variations of /b/ Allophone Occurrence Example [b-] Unreleased in word final position rob [b:] lengthened Rob Bob [b͂] Nasal resonance Rob him.
Allophonic variations of /t/ Allophone Occurrence Example [th] 在首字母且重读音节中送气 tape [t-] 在词尾不送气。做口型 coat hanger [tɔ] 在s 后不送气 stop [t:] Lengthening, Get ten. [ ſ ] 处于两个元音之间，看似想闪音 letter
Allophonic variations of /d/ Occurrence Example [d-] Unreleased in word final position lead glass [d:] Lengthened sad Dave [d͂ ] Nasal release, before a syllabic nasal bread and butter
Allophonic variations of /k/ Occurrence Example [kh] keep [k-] take mine [kɔ] sky [k:] take Kim.
Have a try • act • Kept • Football • Obtain • White paper • Goodbye 当两个爆破音相连时，第一个要失去爆破
1. pat bat 2. pond bond 3. pie buy 4. lap lab 5. rope robe 6. rapid rabid 7. napped nabbed 8. staple stable 9. ten den 10. tuck duck 11. kitty kiddy 12. writing riding 13. matter madder 14. feet feed 15. right ride 16. shoot shooed 17. came game 18. cash gash 19. coast ghost 20. lacking lagging 21. pick pig 22. duck dug 23. lock log 24. sacking sagging Listening Exercise – Sound discrimination
Listening Exercise – Sounds for information 1. The speaker wants to have a look at the _______. A. cart B. card 2. What was the girl doing? A. Sopping. B. Sobbing. 3. They were talking about __________ them. A. stabling B. stapling 4. The man must be fond of ________. A. writing B. riding 5. The speaker was looking for the __________. A. bills B. pills 6. What did the man do? A. He hit the dog. B. He hid the dog. 7. The boys were _________. A. praying B. playing 8. The new teacher likes his new ___________. A. class B. glass 9. The girls are going to _________. A. do cleaning B. collect things 10. What are they going to do? A. Try it. B. Dry it. 3:07分
Listening Exercise – Sounds for information • Can we have a look at your cart, please? • It was raining so hard that the girl started sopping. • They were talking about stabling them. • He spends hours riding every day. • Where are the bills? I remember putting them on the desk. • Did you say the man hid the dog? • Did the boys enjoy praying? • I can see the new teacher likes his new glass. • How will the girls clean them? • They have to try it.
Speaking Exercise –sounds in perception and production • 1. a. How do you spell "toe"? TOE. • b. How do you spell "dough"? DOUGH. • 2. a. Where's the cart? On the road. • b. Where's the card? On the table. • 3. a. Did you say "They bought the floor?" Yes. They bought it yesterday. • b. Did you say "They board the floor?" Yes. They did it themselves. • 4. a. What does "fate" mean? A power controlling one's life. • b. What does "fade" mean? To disappear gradually. • 5. a. What do you think of the new card? It's beautiful. • b. What do you think of the new guard? He's smart. • 6. a. How are you going to clean them? We'll wash them. • b. How are you going to glean them? It's difficult to get the details. • 7. a. Look at those clamorous girls! They are excited about the game. • b. Look at those glamorous girls! They are beautiful, aren't they? • 8. a. Who is going to train them? To train the players? • b. Who is going to drain them? The water flows away by itself. • 9. a. People were complaining about the crime. Because we need a safer city. • b. People were complaining about the grime. Because we need a cleaner city. 10. a. Do you know how to staple them? You need a stapler. • b. Do you know how to stable them? You put them in the stable.
Listen & Imitate • 1.Who are talking in the conversation? • 2. what is their relationship? • 3. what are they going to do?
Listen & Imitate • A: Morning. Salina. Fancy meeting you here! • B: morning. Miss smith. It’s a small world! • A: lovely day. isn't it? • B: yes. Isn’t it! How’s everything with you? • A: everything’s fine, thank you. • B: Are you doing anything special right now? • A: I’m going shopping with my friend Kate. Would you like to join us? • B: Great idea! Thank you! I’d like to.
Fancy meeting you here! • It’s a small world! • How’s everything with you? • How are you doing? • How is it going?
Task 1: Making a proper introduction to yourself. Possible steps • Situation: you meet a new roommate on the campus, Who is going to play basketball. Greet him and join him in playing basketball.
Just for you. • I picked the reddest apple from the tree. • It was the finest one that I could see. • I saved it all except a bite or two. Just for you. • I carried home the groceries from the store. • I wanted to be helpful with a chore. • I put them all away except a few. Just for you. • Someday I’ll be grown up too. • And if I can I’ll grow up just like you. • I ate up all my lunch just like you said • But I think there was a little too much bread. • And so I left the crust when I was through just for you. • Someday I’ll be grown up too. • If I can I’ll grow up just like you. • Just one more thing before I go to bed. • And everything I have to say is said. • There’s something special that I want to do