Prehistoric Times “Time has changed but not basic problems.”
By the end of this lesson you should be able to… • Explain the differences between the Old Stone Age and the New Stone Age • Describe the Neolithic Revolution and explain the effects that the domestication of animals and the cultivation of crops had on how people lived in the New Stone Age
“Time has changed but not basic problems.” • What are the basic problems facing the United States today? • What problems did the prehistoric peoples face?
Prehistoric Problems Modern Problems Basic Human Problems
Old Stone Age • Origins: • East Africa • 3 million BC-10,000 BC • Hunter-gatherer society • Dependent on one another for survival
Old Stone Age • Over time Old Stone Age peoples… • Learned how to make and use tools • Developed a spoken language • Began to use fire
Neolithic Revolution • Transition to the New Stone Age • Began about 8,000 BC • Key developments: • Agriculture • Domestication of animals
Neolithic Revolution • The cultivation of crops and the domestication of animals revolutionized life because it created a surplus of food.
What is a revolution? • Why do you think historians refer to this time in history as the Neolithic Revolution?
As a result of the food surplus, the following changes occurred in the New Stone Age… • Rise of permanent settlements • Development of a division of labor • Increased trade • Development of new technology • Awareness of private property • Social status emerged
New Stone Age Technology • Pottery • Stone Tools • Wheel • Sail • Plow • Ox Yoke • Use of metal tools and weapons