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Egyptian Culture and Religion

Egyptian Culture and Religion

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Egyptian Culture and Religion

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  1. Egyptian Culture and Religion Coach Rooker ~World History~

  2. The Search for Omm Sety • Claimed to be the wife of a famous Pharaoh -Desire to go back “home” at an extremely young age - Omm Sety’s Story

  3. Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt • Re/Ra- God of the Sun • Amon- God of the Sky • Amon-Re – King of the Gods, father of the Pharaohs • Anubis- Protector of the Dead • Osiris, Isis, and Horus- Trio Gods of the Afterlife • Hathor- Cow-headed God of Love

  4. Gods and Goddesses Cont. • Ra was the sun god. He was the most important god of the ancient Egyptians. • The ancient Egyptians believed that Ra was swallowed every night by the sky goddess Nut, and was reborn every morning. • Why did they believe this?

  5. God of the Sky- Amun • Amun was important throughout the history of ancient Egypt. However, when Amun was combined with the sun god Ra he was even more powerful. He was then called Amun-Ra. • Most powerful God in Ancient Egypt

  6. Anubis-Protector of the Dead • Man with a jackal head • Since jackals were often seen in cemeteries, the ancient Egyptians believed that Anubis watched over the dead.

  7. Osiris, Isis, and Horus • Horus- Far right, son of Iris and Osiris • Isis- Wife of Osiris, and mother of Horus • Osiris- brother and husband of Iris - These three weighed your soul in the afterlife

  8. Osiris’ Story • The King and Judge of the dead after he had been killed by Seth and restored to life by Isis. Often looked like a green faced mummy. • Isis was the sister and wife of Osiris who restored Osiris after Seth killed him and spread him all over Egypt in little pieces. • Horus, son of Isis and Osiris, who was thought to be the Pharaoh in human form • Horus was also thought to be the protector of Egypt.

  9. Other Gods in Ancient Egypt • Gods and Goddesses • Some of these Gods were more powerful and popular in every day Egyptian life • Not all time periods during the Ancient Egyptian civilization worshipped the same Gods and Goddesses

  10. Temples and Religious Tombs • Priests would perform daily rituals to statues that represented Nobility that was buried within the tomb • Temples were often very decorated and elaborate on the exterior • Obelisks- tall, decorative pillars on the outside of temples that represented the life of the person buried inside.

  11. Obelisks and Temples of Ancient Egypt

  12. Group Work • Home Teams • Make this Chart

  13. Discussion/Review • Fill in the information you do not have for the correct column • Tell the other two members of your group the information you came up with • Review on board with Instructor • Review Daily Objective

  14. Quiz 1.) The God who protects the dead is who? 2.) The three gods who are in charge of judging the afterlife are who? 3.) T/F- Both women and men shaved their head and wore wigs in everyday life. 4.) The process of preserving a body after death by wrapping it in cloth is called what? 5.) The Egyptian writing was called what and on what was the language finally broken?

  15. Answers 1.) Anubis 2.) Isis, Osiris, and Horus 3.) True 4.) Mummification 5.) Hieroglyphics and Rosetta Stone

  16. Essay-30 points • According to daily life in Ancient Egypt, how did the Egyptians rely on the Nile River, and how did Agriculture affect the civilization of Ancient Egypt? What were obelisks and what information could you gather from those items about temples?