Download
the war in the east n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
19.2 PowerPoint Presentation

19.2

155 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

19.2

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The War in the East 19.2

  2. Learning Target #1 • Identify the battles that the Confederates won in Virginia and analyze why they were important

  3. 1st Battle of Bull Run • First battle of the war July 1861 • North realized after this battle that the war would not be easy or end quickly

  4. The 1st Manassas or 1st Bull Run, VA • July 21,1861 • Confederates Generals were Stonewall Jackson & Beauregard • General for the Yankees was McDowell • North had 387 soldiers killed • South lost 460 • South won Picture Credit: http://www.multied.com/civilwar/Bull.gif

  5. Stonewall Jackson • Led a valley campaign for 3 months in 1862 • “If this Valley is lost, Virginia is lost.” • Military reputation is perhaps greater than any other Civil War General because he won with a smaller army the majority of the time. Picture Credit: www.lib.utexas.edu/photodraw/ portraits/

  6. Stonewall Jackson • Knew that the Valley was the bread basket for the South • Edinburg produced the most wheat • Loved to suck on lemons. • Didn’t use chairs because he believed that standing was good for you. Picture Credit: www.lib.utexas.edu/photodraw/ portraits/

  7. What effect did Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson have on the battle’s outcome?

  8. More Virginia Battles • George B. McClellan's delayed attack allowed Confederates to strengthen Richmond’s defenses • McClellan took Yorktown in May & fighting occurred near Richmond

  9. Robert E. Lee • In charge of Confederate Army in Virginia • West Point graduate • Talented officer • Opposed slavery & secession, but remained loyal to Virginia & the South Picture Credit: www.guyartgallery.com/ civil%20war%20gallery.htm

  10. Robert E. Lee • Named his horse Traveller • “I don’t see how we could have an army without music.” • Owned a pet hen that went with him everywhere. • At Gettysburg, he had his Generals help him find his lost hen Picture Credit: www.guyartgallery.com/ civil%20war%20gallery.htm

  11. The Seven days Battles • Lee v McClellan • Five battles during June-July 1862 • 16,000, & 20,000 causalities • Union driven out of Richmond

  12. Second Battle of Bull Run • Confederates defeat Union • August 1862 • Lee’s army pushes Union army out of Virginia

  13. Learning Target #2 • Explain what stopped the advance of the Confederate Army

  14. Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland) • September 17, 1862 • General for the Confederates was Robert E. Lee • General for the Yankees was McClellan • Union soldier found 3 cigars that helped the North to know what General Lee planned to do Picture Credit: memory.loc.gov/.../newsletter/ august01/feature.html

  15. Antietam • South hoped a victory in North would • Break Union spirit • Bring European power to help • Single bloodiest day in the Civil War • 23,500 men killed in Bloody lane • South used rocks when they ran out of ammunition • Key Union victory that stopped Lee’s northward advance • Lincoln removes McClellan who allowed Lee to return to Virginia Picture Credit: www.trubador.com/bridge.htm

  16. Why did Confederate leaders want to win a battle on Northern soil?

  17. Learning Target #2 • Explain what stopped the advance of the Confederate Army

  18. Union Control of the Sea • North had most of U.S. Navy’s fleet & industry to build more ships • Thousands of coastline miles made blockade difficult • Blockade runners • Small fast ships • Used to get through blockade

  19. First metal ships in world!

  20. Warships heavily armored with iron. Ironclad

  21. The Battle of the Ironclads • March 8-9, 1862 • Hampton Roads, VA. • South had built an iron ship called the Merrimac or the Virginia • Sank two Union ships • Northern iron ship called the Monitor • No clear winner between the two ironclads Picture Credit: http://www.mandia.com/kelly/webpage/99_student_pages/merrimack_monitor/battle.jpg

  22. The Ironclads • The two iron ships fought for 5 hours and even collided 5 times. Neither side won except the North kept the South from getting supplies from the rest of the world. Picture Credit: http://www.mandia.com/kelly/webpage/99_student_pages/merrimack_monitor/battle.jpg

  23. What military advantages did the Union have over the Confederacy at sea?