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PARTS OF A VOLCANO

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PARTS OF A VOLCANO

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PARTS OF A VOLCANO

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  1. PARTS OF A VOLCANO Volcanoes were named for the Roman god of fire, Vulcan.

  2. CRATER • the cup-shaped TOP part of a volcano through which magma and other volcanic materials flow.

  3. GAS, ASH, AND CINDERS • What is left after a volcano erupts?

  4. CONE • the side of a volcano formed by volcanic materials

  5. LAVA • hot, molten rock on the earth’s surface • MOLTEN - melted by heat

  6. SILL • horizontal crack within a volcano which holds hardened magma

  7. MAGMA CHAMBER • a place in the mantle (under the earth’s crust) that stores magma

  8. MAGMA • hot, molten rock forced up the central vent and eventually through the crater

  9. DIKE • thick vertical crack within a volcano which holds hardened magma

  10. CONDUIT • path from magma chamber to crater • also known as central vent

  11. SIDE VENT • vent on the side of a volcano for escaping steam, gas, and lava

  12. THE END