故事教學活動設計 張齡心 Isabel Chang 台北市仁愛國小 台北市國小英語輔導團
Do you like stories? • Do you like to tell stories? • Do you tell stories to your children? • Do you tell stories to your students in class? • Why do we tell stories?
What is storytelling? Reading a story vs. telling a story
Why do we tell stories in our English class? • Language presented as a whole and in context. • Reduce stress. • Involve naturally, attention on the plot. • Learn another culture. • Variety to the classroom. • Presentation and/or review of a topic Story time learning time fun time
Be prepared!! • Familiarize yourself physically with the book. • Read the story several times until you feel at ease and confident. • Decide where you will break up the story. • Decide when you wish to pause in the story to invite your students to join in. • Plan what you’re going to say about the illustration.
What to consider when telling a story? • Students’ sitting arrangement • Voice • Pause • Body language, gestures, facial expressions • Props , illustrations • Sound effects • Interactions • Creativity • …
Selecting stories… • Students’ age • Students’ language level • Types of stories: rhyming stories repetitive stories fairy tales theme related pattern based …
Activities related to story telling • Before • During • After
How do you tell stories? • Using story books • Using big books • Using a projector • Using the computer • Using audio cds • Using props
Lesson Planning for story sessions • Select a book • Consider the students’ background • Decide how the story will be presented • Decide what props will be used during the story • Design activities related to the story • Get feedback from the students
Holiday related books: • In the Hunted House by Eve Bunting • Froggy’s Halloween by Jonathan London • Big Pumpkin by Erica Silverman • If you Take a Mouse to the Movies by Laura Numeroff • Harvey Slumfenburger’s Christmas Present by John Burningham • The Jolly Christmas Postman by Janet & Allan Ahlberg
Snowman by Raymond Briggs • The Most Wonderful Egg in the World by Helme Heine • What’s in This Egg? By Jillian Cutting. • Chickens aren’t the Only Ones by Ruth Heller • Papa, Please Get the Moon For me by Eric Carle
Stories with repetitive patterns • WHAT! by Kate Lum and Adrian Johnson • Whose Mouse Are You? By Robert Kraus. • Washing Line by Jez Alborough • Little Cloud by Eric Carle
Stories for teaching vocabulary • Froggy Gets Dressed by Jonathan London • There’s an Octopus Under my Bed by Dawn Apperley • The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle • The Grouchy Ladybug by Eric Carle • Good Night, Gorilla by Peggy Rathmann • Go Away Big Green Monster by Ed Emberley • Willy the Dreamer by Anthony Browne
More and more stories… • David Goes to School by David Shannon • The True Story of the Three Little Pigs • The Frog Prince Continued by Jon Scieszka • Amelia Bedelia by Peggy Parish • Willy’s Pictures by Anthony Browne • Yo! Yes? By Chris Raschka
Mommy Laid an Egg by Barbette Cole • Drop Dead by Barbette Cole • Tell me Again about the Night I was Born by Jamie Lee Curtis • Eat your Peas by Kes Gray & Nick Sharratt
What are props? • Why do we use props? • When do we use props? • How do we make props?
I have no imagination for props!!! I don’t have artistic talents!! I am not good at drawing! I hate cutting and pasting! I can’t work with a ruler and a pencil!!
Use the computer (searching for pictures or search for story telling sites) http://www.preschoolprintables.com/ e.g. 3 little pigsprintables • Use the projector to copy pictures. • Use printed materials ( flyers, postcards…) • Use templates • Ask people around you for help…family, friends, students, colleagues…
Puppets of all kinds • Conventional puppets • Paper bag puppets • Brush puppets • Stick puppets
Sock puppets • Glove puppets • Slipper puppets • Box puppets • All-that-you-can-imagine-puppets
Masks of all kinds • Conventional masks • Just-color-it masks • Paper plate masks
Why making books? • Creating their own reading materials • Interactive, personalized reading experiences • Encourage reading, writing and creativity • It’s a process of learning • It’s an alternative way to learn a language • As an extra reading material in the content areas. • …
When do we make books? • After reading a book • After a certain topic • Beginning or end of a semester • As an overall wrap-up activity • Time to know each other • Holiday specials • …
Basic Concepts about book making • Parts of a book • Individual book or class book • Book pages and shape • Book binding • Book content
Different kinds of big books • Story based books ( based on popular stories) • Pattern / vocabulary based books • Textbook based books • Big books for holidays • Students’ creation • Teachers’ creation • All-that-you-can-imagine books
How to make conventional books • The zigzag book • The folded sheet book • The center-stapled book • The side-stapled book • The tied book • Or simply use a binder
How to make unconventional books • Flaps ( can open sideways, upwards, or downwards) • Windows(not easy for children to cut, but children love them and their imaginations are stimulated by them) • Pockets (can be stuck onto a page with a letter or object or person placed inside. E.g. The Jolly Postman) • Pop-ups (beak books, boxes, and jump-up figures) • Shape books