INSTRUCTOR: DREW YOUNG CRIMINAL JUSTICE 2FAYETTEVILLE HIGH SCHOOL
ANGER MANAGEMENT BASIC HUMAN NEEDS/HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
CRIMINAL JUSTICE II • STANDARD 5.0 • Students will examine standards of ethics and professionalism in criminal justice careers. • LEARNING EXPECTATIONS • The student will: • 5.1 Examine stress and anger management principles. • 5.2 Evaluate the influence of the various codes of ethics in criminal justice careers. • 5.3 Decide appropriate ethical actions for fictitious situations. • 5.4 Relate professionalism and ethics to the activities of prosecution and defense attorneys and law enforcement officers. • PERFORMANCE INDICATORS: EVIDENCE STANDARD IS MET • The student: • 5.1 Selects stress management procedures appropriate for given situations. • 5.2 Analyzes the national and state bar association codes for prosecution and defense lawyers and the code of ethics for law enforcement. • 5.3 Critiques a video, such as Dirty Harry, as it pertains to ethical situations in the workplace. • 5.4 Analyzes the role of prosecutorial and law enforcement discretion. • SAMPLE PERFORMANCE TASKS • Discuss issues related to ethics and professionalism with a guest speaker from the prosecutor's office. • View and critique the video Dirty Harry. • Obtain and analyze the national and state bar association codes of ethics and professional responsibility and the law enforcement code of ethics and analyze them. • Engage in a class discussion on ethics with someone from the Tennessee Bar Association (TBA) Board of Professional Responsibility.
Definition of Anger: • : to make (someone) angry • "Anger." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2014. <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anger>.
Anger Can Be A Complex and Natural Human Emotion In the criminal justice system we often equate anger to the offender.
If not properly managed, the emotion of anger can have a detrimental effect on criminal justice professionals, both professionally and personally. Anger is also an emotion that must constantly be managed by C.J. professionals.
ANGER • THE PROBLEM is not Anger, it is how you MANAGE it.
TWO TYPES OF ANGER • The two types of anger are: • 1. Internal • 2. External (Seen as aggression, hostility, rage, etc.)
PRIMARY VS. SECONDARY EMOTION • Anger is a secondary emotion. Anger results from injury, fear, embarrassment or humiliation, jealousy or resentment, or a perceived wrong-doing by someone to us.
Anger Is a Secondary Emotion • Anger or the perception of anger is the result of another action, situation, or circumstance(s).
SELF AWARENESS • *** Self awareness is the key to successful anger management. ***
HEALTHY EXPRESSION • A healthy expression of anger means TALKING about your anger without being AGGRESSIVE.
CONFLICT STYLE AWARENESS AND MANAGEMENT At this time, students will be given a copy of an article by author, Daniel Eckstein. Conflict Style Management.docx
CONFLICT STYLE AWARENESS: Is a simple, powerful tool for self management.
Responsibility For Our Actions • Be sure to make things RIGHT when you cause HARM. • Try to leave people a little better, not worse, than when you encountered them.
ABRAHAM MASLOW • According to the website Wikipedia: • Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization. Maslow was a psychology professor at Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School for Social Research and Columbia University. He stressed the importance of focusing on the positive qualities in people, as opposed to treating them as a "bag of symptoms.”
SELF ACTUALIZATION • "What a man can be, he must be. This need we may call self-actualization...It refers to the desire for self-fulfillment, namely, to the tendency for him to become actualized in what he is potentially. This tendency might be phrased as the desire to become more and more what one is, to become everything that one is capable of becoming.“ • Abraham Maslow
Maslow’s Original Hierarchy of Needs (5 Stage Model) • 1. Biological and Physiological needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep. • 2. Safety needs - protection from elements, security, order, law, limits, stability, freedom from fear. • 3. Social Needs - belongingness, affection and love, - from work group, family, friends, romantic relationships. • 4. Esteem needs - achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, self-respect, respect from others. • 5. Self-Actualization needs - realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.
Expansion of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (8 Stage) • 1. Biological and Physiological needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc. • 2. Safety needs - protection from elements, security, order, law, limits, stability, etc. • 3. Social Needs - Belongingness and Love, - work group, family, affection, relationships, etc. • 4. Esteem needs - self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility, etc. • 5. Cognitive needs - knowledge, meaning, etc. • 6. Aesthetic needs - appreciation and search for beauty, balance, form, etc. • 7. Self-Actualization needs - realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences. • 8. Transcendence needs - helping others to achieve self actualization.
HEDONISM • Full Definition of HEDONISM: • 1 • : the doctrine that pleasure or happiness is the sole or chief good in life • 2 • : a way of life based on or suggesting the principles of hedonism • Hedonism. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster.com. Retrieved January 13, 2014, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hedonism
Young’s Definition of Hedonism Seeking Pleasure And Avoiding Pain
REVIEW • The problem is not ANGER, it is how you MANAGE it! • Two types of expression of anger: 1.Internal 2.External. • SELF AWARENESS is the key to anger management. • ANGER is a SECONDARY emotion. • Healthy expression of anger means TALKING about your anger without being AGGRESSIVE! • CONFLICT STYLE AWARENESS is a simple, powerful tool for self management. • Always, make things RIGHT when you cause HARM. • Try to leave people a little better than you found them, when they are at their worst. • Self Actualization: “The desire for self-fulfillment or to become everything that one is capable of becoming.” Young’s definition of hedonism is seeking pleasure and avoiding pain. • Abraham Maslow created the original, five-stage “Hierarchy of Needs” Theory. • Five Stage Hierarchy of Needs: 1. Biological and Physiological needs 2. Safety needs 3. Social Needs 4. Esteem needs 5. Self-Actualization needs • Eight Stage Hierarchy of Needs: 1. Biological and Physiological needs 2. Safety needs 3. Social Needs 4. Esteem needs 5. Cognitive needs 6. Aesthetic needs 7. Self-Actualization needs 8. Transcendence needs • Hedonism: “Seeking pleasure and avoiding pain.”
CONCLUSION • Please remember that you, and you alone, are responsible for your emotional well-being.