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This is Speaking Tips in the public.
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Speaking Tips in the Public • Planning or Preparation • Voice – what you start out with and the sound it makes • Speech is what you do with sound (tone, volume, pace, pitch, articulation and pronunciation) • Get your voice ready • Writing for Speaking • You Will Probably Read Your Speech (or Glance At Notes) • If You Insist On Speaking From Memory • Do What Works Best For You
Mapping the content of your speech • The visible structure • Putting one foot before the other • Be concrete. Be metaphorical • Conclusion 4. The Audience • Young or old • High or low income • Educated or uneducated • What is the background • What mood are they likely to be in
Knowledge the occasion • Whether you are speaking at an academic, celebratory or solemn occasion • Whether you are only speaker at the event or whether you are one of several • At what stage of the proceedings you will be speaking 6. Knowledge the room • The size and the shape of the room • Whether or not there is a podium • Whether there is microphone • The type of technical assistance that is available to you
Using visual aids • Before you begin, make sure the slides can be seen clearly from every seat in the room • Keep demonstrating or materials simple • Keep the visuals simple • Make sure you speak to your audience and not to your slides • Heighten interest • Chose the right time to give out handouts • Practice your speech with all the visuals • Practice makes perfect
On the day you speech – Avoid panic! • Arrive early • Check everything • Body language and gestures • Posture • Make an effort to be aware of what you do with your hands • Gesturing with your head and arms is part and parcel of communicating • Dress • Eye contact • Controlling the nerves • Be confident
11. Mistakes • Mistakes are all right • Recovering from mistakes makes you appear from human • Good recovery puts your audience at ease – they identity you more 12. Interact with the audience - ask questions, get people involved - since people learn better when they are actively participating. 13. Humour • Tell jokes if you’re good at telling jokes • If you aren't good, best to leave the jokes behind
14. How to use the public speaking environment • Try not to get stuck in one place • Use all the space that available to you • Move around • One way to do this is to leave your notes in one place and move to another 15. Leave time for Questions & Answers and address everyone politely.