1 Acts 1:15-26
2 Next verses to Study Acts 1:15-26; APOINTMENT OF MATTHIAS
3 APPOINTING A SUBSTITUTE FOR JUDAS • Acts 1:15-22 • 15 In those days Peter stood up among the believers (a group numbering about a hundred and twenty) 16 and said, "Brothers, the Scripture had to be fulfilled which the Holy Spirit spoke long ago through the mouth of David concerning Judas, who served as guide for those who arrested Jesus- 17 he was one of our number and shared in this ministry." Judas has just made his bargain to betray Jesus.
4 v16 HOLY SPIRIT SPOKEby the MOUTH of David David SPOKE by INSPIRATION In the O.T. Verbal or Plenary INSPIRATION 2 Sam 23:2; Jer 1:9; 2 Pet 1:21; 2 Tim 3:16;
2 Peter 1:21 • for no prophecy has ever yet originated in man's will, but men who were led by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. 5 Living Bible -2 Timothy 3:16 • The whole Bible was given to us by inspiration from God and is useful to teach us what is true and to make us realize what is wrong in our lives; it straightens us out and helps us do what is right.
v17 Judas had been one of the original Apostles Lk 6:13; 6 • 18(With the reward he got for his wickedness, Judas bought a field; there he fell headlong, his body burst open and all his intestines spilled out. 19 Everyone in Jerusalem heard about this, so they called that field in their language Akeldama, that is, Field of Blood.) Akeldama in Kidron Valley, Jerusalem
7 v18-19 Luke tells us several things about JUDAS Judas purchased a field with the wages of sin Judas then died ahorrible death Field became known as the field of blood
8 v19 Luke says that the name was given because of the horrible way that Judas died Matthew said that it was because it was purchased with BLOOD money Matt 27:6-8; Both statements are correct
9 v18-19 Again SOME claim that Matthew and Luke contradict each other Matt 27:5; Judas HANGED himself? Luke that he FELL and his bowels burst? • REESE: • Judas hung until decay caused his body to fall, then it burst open NOT contradictory but complimentary gives additional information
10 v18-19 Again SOME claim that Matthew and Luke contradict each other Matt 27:5; Judas HANGED himself? Luke that he FELL and his bowels burst? NOT contradictory but complimentary gives additional information Matt 26:51; John 18:10; One who drew the sword was Peter and the servants name was Malchus
JUDAS LOST HIS POSITION OF LEADERSHIPBECAUSE OF HIS WICKEDNESS 11 • The anti-Christian forces are today attempting to rehabilitate Judas. http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/lost-gospel-restores-judass-honour/2006/04/07/1143916664322.html • The Bible here and elsewhere says he performed a wicked act when he betrayed Jesus into the hands of His enemies for money. • Jesus Himself called Judas a devil (John 6:70-71).
12 • 20 "For," said Peter, "it is written in the book of Psalms, • "'May his place be deserted; • let there be no one to dwell in it,' • and, "'May another take his place of leadership.'
13 PSALMS quoted by Peter in v20 Also by Jesus Jn 13:18; Applied to Judas and the betrayal Psa 41:9; Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who ate of my bread, hath lifted up [his] heel against me.
14 v20 Psa 69:25; Psa 109:8; Judgement against the Christ’s betrayer Compare also Psa 69:9 with John 2:17; alsoPsa 69:21; with Matt 27:34,48;
15 v20 • TOP TEN LIST: MOST GRUESOME BIBLE DEMISES • 10. Victims of Noah’s flood • 9. Absolom speared in tree • 8. Phineas spears the fornicators • 7. Herod Agrippa I eaten by worms • 6. Abimelech’s head crushed by a stone
16 v20 • TOP TEN LIST: MOST GRUESOME BIBLE DEMISES • 5. Eglon expires in the toilet (Ehud) • 4. Jehoram’s bowels fall out • 3. Judas’ head pops off and body explodes • 2. Sisera’s head nailed to the floor • 1. Jezebel eaten by the dogs
17 • 21 Therefore it is necessary to choose one of the men who have been with us the whole time the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, 22 beginning from John's baptism to the time when Jesus was taken up from us. For one of these must become a witness with us of his resurrection." John the Baptizer baptizes Jesus.
18 • WHY REPLACE JUDAS? • He’s dead • His part of the Mission needs to be completed • WHY 12? • The 12 Apostles are symbolic of the 12 Tribes of Israel or all God’s people at the time,a qualified man had to be appointed to fill up the number.
Discussion Question: 19 • What requirements did Peter list for someone to be an apostle (v 21)?
An apostle of Christ had to be a witness of everything Jesus did throughout His entire ministry. From Baptism of John till the ascension of Christ into heaven John 15:26-27; with him from beginning Jesus’ ministry began at His baptism by John. • This man also had to have been a witness of the resurrection of Jesus. • This means he had to have seen and recognized Him after His resurrection as the same person he had known before His resurrection. 20
21 • He also had to have been present at every appearance of Jesus after His resurrection during the forty days after His resurrection. • He was also required to have been a witness of Jesus’ ascension. • He must have personally seen and be willing and able to tell others • I’m sure there were other qualifications such as good character and a record of ethical behavior, but these were taken for granted so were not mentioned by Peter.
22 Why so important Had to prove that the Christ Jesus was truly the long awaited MESSIAH John 1:41; Lk 24:44; ALL THINGS MUST BE FULLFILLED
23 Why so important They had to PROVE that the Christ SUFFEREDandROSE Rom 1:4; declaredto beSon of Godwithpower throughtheresurrection ONLYtheApostlesserved as EYE WITNESSES 2:32; 3:15; 5:29-32; 10:39-41; 13:30-31; 4:33;
24 Force of the testimony 12 in Number (not just one or two) UNITED in testimony FEARLESS in testimony (even to the point of death) Resurrection of Jesus from the dead is the FOUNDATION of the Christians faith. As seen in 1 Cor 15:17; John 17:20; & 20:28-20;
25 OUR RESPONSIBILITY NONEof us canWITNESS in the same way as theApostlescould because NONE of us canFULFILLthequalifications of thesefirst witnesses
26 OUR RESPONSIBILITY Wemust TEACH what the eye witnesses of Jesus THROUGH theHoly Spirithave RECORDEDfor us to teach in the word ofGod 2 Tim 4:2 Mark 16:15 Matt 28:28
Discussion Question: 27 • Luke 24:53 • What changed the apostles for them to become so fearless?
28 The Apostles were v2 Personally chosen by Deity v8 Witnesses of Christ v22 Having been with Jesus from John’s baptism until Christ’s ascension v22To havePERSONALLY witnessedtheresurrection. To receive miraculous power throughtheHoly Spirit to do several things
29 The POWER was to enable them to: Have BROUGHT to their remembrance without error ALL that Jesus had PERSONALLYtaught them. John 14:26; To RECORD without error ALL of the TRUTH. John 16:13; 1 Cor 14:37;
30 The POWER was to enable them to: CONFIRM the MESSAGE was FROM GOD by theMIGHTYMIRACLESthat they were able to work. 2 Cor 12:12; Heb 2:4;
31 v23 Only TWO MEN met the strictqualifications TheAPOSTLESpray toGOD Heb 7:27;
32 ONLY TWO WERE QUALIFIED • Acts 1:23-26 • 23 So they proposed two men: Joseph called Barsabbas (also known as Justus) and Matthias. 24 Then they prayed, "Lord, you know everyone's heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen 25 to take over this apostolic ministry, which Judas left to go where he belongs." 26 Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles. Casting lots was something like drawing a name from a hat.
33 v24 The Apostles recognised that only God could make the choice. Jesus CHOSE the 12 now God would CHOSE the replacement The REPLACEMENT of an APOSTLE is NOT something for MEN to do
34 v24-25 Both men met the strict qualifications But ONLY God would know the hearts of these men and make the proper choice. 1 Chron 28:9;the Lord searches all hearts Psa 139:1-4;understand my thoughts
35 v24-25 Both men met the strict qualifications But ONLY God would know the hearts of these men and make the proper choice. Heb 4:12-13; discerner of the intent of the heart
36 v24-25 Both men met the strict qualifications and ONLY God knowsOUR heartswhatCANwe do. Prov 4:23; protect our hearts from evil. 2 Cor 10:5; Keep our thoughts under control
37 v24-25 Both men met the strict qualifications and ONLY God knowsOUR heartswhatCANwe do. Prov 4:23; protect our hearts from evil. 2 Cor 7:1; cleanse our flesh strive for HOLINESS
38 v24-25 Both men met the strict qualifications and ONLY Godknows OUR heartswhat CANwe do. Matt 5:8; blessedare thePUREinheart. Phil 4:8; think on thatwhich istrue pure noble honest etc
39 v24-25 Both men met the strict qualifications and ONLY Godknows OUR heartswhatCANwe do. AS WE THINK IN OUR HEARTS SO WE WILL ACT
40 v25 Strong words used about Judas v17 In every way an Apostle YET v16 Guided those who arrested JESUS v25 He lost his position as an Apostle
41 v25 Strong words used about Judas v25 Fell by sinning. 1 John 3:4; v18 came to a HORRIBLE end Matt 27:5; v19 His memorial – the field of blood Luke 6:16; described as a traitor Jn 12:6; described as a thief
42 v25 Strong words used about Judas Jn 17:12; Jesus called him Son of PERDITION Act 1:26; went to his own place Take care lest we also fall Gal 5:4; 1 Cor 9:27; 2 Pet 2:20-22;
43 Casting Lots • The words “lottery” and “lot,” in the sense of real property, were derived from the original word. • It seems that marked or colored stones were most often used in ancient times. To read an online article that gives a fuller discussion of this topic, go here: • http://www.jameslindlibrary.org/essays/casting_of_lots/casting.html
44 v26 CASTING LOTS some biblical examples 1 Chron 24:5; David divided the priests Num 26:55; Josh ch 15-17 Land of Canaan divided Josh 7:16-18; Achan SIN discovered this way
45 v26 CASTING LOTS In casting lots the Jews were appealing to God not as part of a voting process or election This is seen clearly in Prov 16:33; The lot is cast God chooses
46 v26 CASTING LOTS This is the last time lots are recorded in the N.T. The Apostles were in a period of transition between the ascension of Christ and the coming of the Holy Spirit
47 v26 CASTING LOTS It was a unique situation where they could not ask Jesus and they had not the inspired guidance of the Holy Spirit We NOW have access to all that the Spiritrevealed to the apostles in our New Testament today 2Pet 1:3-4; 2Tim 3:15-17; Phil 2:5;
v26The Lot fell to MATTHIAS 48 • They cast lots (similar to our drawing straws or picking a name from a hat) to pick the replacement. But with a far different intent They were not trusting to luck or fate but to the guidance of God • Should we make religious decisions in such a manner today?
49 • There were two men who met all the qualifications. Both could have been appointed if the number twelve were not significant. • But there were to be twelve and no more than twelve, at least for the first day of the Kingdom, when the gospel was to be presented to the Jews. • The two men who were equally qualified were Joseph, called Barsabbas or Justus, and Matthias. Joseph and Matthias From a Medieval Wall Painting
V26The Lot fell to MATTHIAS 50 In making our decisions in matter of religion today We need to SEARCH the WORD of GOD Consider the CONTEXT THENPRAYERFULLY make the application