Paul’sThird Missionary Journey Acts 18-21
Third Missionary Journey • Antioch • Galatia and Phrygia • Ephesus • Macedonia and Greece • Troas • Miletus • Jerusalem
Vague Route through Galatia and Phrygia to Ephesus CYPRUS
Galatia and Phrygia • Another vague route through Asia Minor. • Came to Ephesus.
Ephesus • Prosperous, cultured city • Capital of Asia • Paul stayed 2+ years on Third Journey CYPRUS
EphesusHarbor Roadand Theater • Large, important city • High culture
EphesusLibrary of Celsus • Built in 110. • Housed up to 12,000 scrolls.
EphesusTemple of Hadrian • 2nd century. • Divine honors to emperor. • To curry his favor.
EphesusTemple of Artemis • One of “Seven Wonders of Ancient World.” • About 400x200 ft. (4x larger than Parthenon). • Ruins now covered by swamp.
Apollos in Ephesus • Educated Jew from Alexandria. • Taught about Jesus but knew only John’s baptism. • Priscilla and Aquila taught him more accurately.
Paul in Ephesus • Baptized disciples of John. • Preached in synagogue 3 months. • Moved to Hall of Tyrannus for 2 years. • Long, important ministry (2-3 years); wrote most of Corinthian letters. • Imprisonment theory. • Riot fomented by silversmiths.
EphesusStatue of Artemis • “A man named Demetrius, a silversmith who made silver shrines of Artemis, brought no little business to the artisans.” (Acts 19:24) • Silver shrines –miniature replicas either of the temple or of the goddess.
Ephesus “…they were enraged and shouted, "Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!" The city was filled with the confusion; and people rushed together to the theater, dragging with them…Paul's travel companions. Paul wished to go into the crowd, but the disciples would not let him.” (Acts 19:28-30)
Macedonia & Greece • Spent 3 months in Greece. • Preparing collection for Jerusalem. • Wrote Romans. CYPRUS
Troas “On the first day of the week, when we met to break bread, Paul continued speaking until midnight.” (Acts 20:7) CYPRUS
Troas • One of clearest NT references to worship on Sunday. • “First day of week” is day of Resurrection. • Danger of overly long sermons. • Unclear whether Eutychus was not dead or was resuscitated.
Miletus • Sends for elders from Ephesus. • Long, tearful farewell address. CYPRUS
Return to Jerusalem • Going to take collection for poor. • Symbolized unity of Church. • Coming of Gentiles to Jerusalem to worship Israel’s God. • Should provoke conversion of Jews. • Forebodings of danger along way. • Rom. 15:25-32 solicits prayer for Paul’s safety.