Social Studies 9th grade By: Samantha McMahon 2008
Table of Contents Introduction Essential Question Background The Beginning Genocide Definition Areas Effected By Genocide Bosnia Cambodia Darfur Assessment: Learning Contract and Portfolio Student Activities Teacher Support Materials
Introduction Effects of the Holocaust and Genocide: Today and the Past
Introduction • This lesson will help you better understand the Holocaust, while also making connections to current situations across the world. • Through exploration you will be discover conflicts in which ethnic or religious groups are being prosecuted. You will be able to better realize the impacts these conflicts are having on the people, their culture, and the world.
Essential Question: • What lasting effect does discrimination and persecution in history have?(like the Holocaust) • On the group? • On the World?
The Goal… • As you begin examining the background information you will be compiling information that you feel is important to understanding the essential questions. • You will need to demonstrate to me in some way what new information you have learned from the background info.
Background Info: The Beginning • On Jan 30, 1933 Adolf Hitler becomes the Chancellor of Germany. • April 1, 1933, the first act discrimination against the Jews begins as the Nazi stage boycotts against Jewish shops. Click on the pictures below to view more information on early Nazi rule in Germany.
Background Info: The “Perfect” Race To try and understand the Holocaust we must first understand some of the ideas behind it. Hitler wanted to create a perfect, or Aryan race. • Hitler saw the Jews a big problem. He blamed them for Germany’s defeat in World War I and saw them as just getting in the way of his Aryan race ideal. Visit these sites to learn more about Hitler’s Final Solution.
Obtaining the Perfect Race • To obtain Hitler’s perfect race, a number of concentration camps across Europe were set up. • In these camps, the Jews along with other outcasts gypsies, gays and Jewish protectors were worked to their death, or gassed in chambers. Click on the links below to view more information on these concentration/work camps.
View this video to get a short glimpse into the concentration camps.
After WWII • After World War II a “Never Again” motto was taken by countries around the world concerning the Holocaust. • Unfortunately, ethnicities, religions, and whole countries are being ripped apart and many times killed, just as the Jews were in WWII. Click on the links below to begin researching genocide and the “Never Again” motto.
Background: What is genocide? • We have established that genocides such as the Holocaust are taking place today. But what is a genocide? Genocide is: • Intent to destroy a nation, ethnicity, racial or religious group. • Causing serious bodily or mental harm to a group • Imposing methods to control birthrate of a group • Displacing members of a group Go to this website to investigate more on genocide
Background: Why Genocide? With so many other options available, why is genocide chosen again and again through out history? One reason could be the competition over resources, whether it be land, capital, or government control. Many times a rough political or economic time may help spin a genocide into action. View this Frontline article about Genocide. Take a look at these areas of concern for future genocides and compare/contrast their possible causes.
Areas effected by Genocide The Past and the Present
Bosnia Use the links provide below to discover more about the Bosnia conflict. Remember to keep these questions in mind. • Reasons for conflict • Who was effected • Events leading up to genocide • What are current problems these people face? GOOGLE EARTH
Cambodia Use the links provide below to discover more about the Cambodia conflict. Remember to keep these questions in mind. • Reasons for conflict • Who was effected • Events leading up to genocide • What are current problems these people face?
Cambodia: The On Going Story These links will link you to more recent events taking place in Cambodia concerning their genocide. Facts and Stats
Darfur: Today's Genocide? Use the links provide below to discover more about the Cambodia conflict. Remember to keep these questions in mind. • Reasons for conflict • Who was effected • Events leading up to genocide • What are current problems these people face?
Darfur Some more links to truly understand the current situation…
U.S. and the Holocaust What did the U.S. know of the Holocaust? Are there things that the government could have done earlier? Investigate these links and come to your own conclusions.
U.S. and Darfur How are we handling the Darfur situation? Are we doing enough?
Assessment Activities to be completed for your portfolio
Learning Contract • You must earn a minimum of 50 points total for your portfolio • Writing a basic summary of what you learned from each of the links in the Background Information will earn you 10 points. • The activities in yellow are compulsory(required). They are worth a total of 10 points each. • The remainder of activities are yours to choose. • Know and Understand activities are worth 3 points. • Apply and Analyze activities are worth 5 points. • Create and Evaluate activities are each worth 7 points.
Teacher's Support Materials Making the unit a success
Objectives Students should be able to give basic facts concerning the Holocaust and a few more recent occurrences of genocide. They should be able to relate the general causes of each and be able to connect similar themes. Students should be able to compare and contrast the Holocaust and these events. Students should also be able to identify lasting effects that these conflicts are having on the area, world and environment. At the end of this lesson students should be able to create a PowerPoint that will demonstrate the knowledge that they have gained. Previously stated objectives should be used as topics. Slide show should be 10-15 slides long and include outside supporting information.