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GMP ORIENTATION PowerPoint Presentation
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GMP ORIENTATION

GMP ORIENTATION

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GMP ORIENTATION

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  1. GMP ORIENTATION Good Manufacturing Practices Good Manufacturing Practices Good Manufacturing Practices Good Manufacturing Practices GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  2. GMP ORIENTATION • Introduction • Quality Management • Terminology • Premises • Equipment • Personnel • Sanitation & Hygiene • Material Testing GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  3. GMP ORIENTATION 9. Manufacturing Control • QC • Documentation • Samples & Stability • Sterile Production GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  4. 1. Introduction • Purpose of GMP • Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) regulations were introduced as a means to ensure that a given product is processed reliably, repeatedly, consistently, safely and to a high quality. • In the pharmaceutical processing industry GMP is an essential part of the production process. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  5. 1. Introduction Why GMP is established? • Just prior to start of the 2nd World War there was a serious poisoning incident in the USA. This prompted the introduction of the “Food, Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1938”, by US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA). The intention of the new act was to ensure that food, drugs, cosmetics and biological products were safe for human contact. • Hence the need to establish Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP). GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  6. 1. Introduction Where to find GMP Regulations/Guidelines? US – 21 CFR Part 210 & 211 (www.fda.gov) Canada - www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hpfb-dgpsa/inspectorate Europe - http://dg3.eudra.org/F2/eudralex/vol-4/home.htm WHO - http://www.who.int/medicines/organization/qsm/activities/qualityassurance/gmp/gmpcover.html Australia - http://www.tga.gov.au/docs/html/gmpcodau.htm GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  7. Section Regulation F P/L I(non-MRA) I(MRA) D W T 1. Premises C.02.004 X X 2. Equipment C.02.005 X X X 3. Personnel C.02.006 X X X X X X X 4. Sanitation C.02.007 X X C.02.008 X X 5. Raw Material Testing C.02.009 X X C.02.010 X 6. Manufacturing Control C.02.011 X X X X X C.02.012 X X X X X X 7. Quality Control C.02.013 X X X X X C.02.014 X X X X X C.02.015 X X X X X X X 8. Packaging Material Testing C.02.016 X X C.02.017 X X 9. Finished Product Testing C.02.018 X X X X X X C.02.019 X X 10. Records C.02.020 X X X X X X C.02.021 X X X X X X C.02.022 X X X X C.02.023 X X X C.02.024 X X X X X X 11. Samples C.02.025 X X X X C.02.026 X X X X 12. Stability C.02.027 X X X C.02.028 X X X 13. Sterile Products C.02.029 X GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  8. 2. Quality Management Purpose of Quality Management • To Determine and implement the “quality policy” • The basic elements are: • A well defined “quality system” encompassing the Procedures, Processes, and Resources • Systematic actions necessary to ensure adequate confidence that a product (or service) will meet given requirements for “Quality” The holistic view of all these aspects is termed as “Quality Assurance” GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  9. 2. Quality Management Quality Management • QA – Quality Assurance • GMP • QC - Quality Control The concepts of QA, GMP and Quality Control are interrelated aspects of Quality Management GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  10. 2. Quality Management Quality Assurance • Wide ranging concept • Total organized System • QA incorporates GMP GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  11. 2. Quality Management Quality Assurance Aim • Ensure that GMP requirements are met in production of the drug product. • Clarity in Responsibilities • Adequate resources • Adopted clear and specified procedures. • Arrangements for correct usage of material • Control on all aspects of production process • Proper processing, packaging/labeling and verification of Drug Product. • Sale of only quality drug products. • Proper procedures for Storage of drug products. • Self-inspection procedures and quality audit. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  12. 2. Quality Management GMP for Drugs • Clear, defined, controlled and validated manufacturing procedures. • All key elements are provided for manufacturing process. • Clear, unambiguous written procedures. • Trained operators. • Proper documentation. • Distribution of drugs with minimum or zero risk to quality. • System available for recall of the product from market. • All complaints examined and corrective & preventive measures taken. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  13. 2. Quality Management Quality Control • Adequate facilities • Trained personnel • Approved procedures are available for • sampling, inspecting and testing of raw materials, packaging materials, intermediate bulk and finished products. • Monitoring environmental conditions for GMP purposes GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  14. 3. Terminology API: Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient DIN: Drug Identification Number GLP: Good Laboratory Practices ICH: International Conference on Harmonization HPFBI: Health Products and Food Branch Inspectorate NOC: Notice of Compliance MRA: Mutual Recognition Agreement PIC/S: Pharmaceutical Inspection Cooperation/Scheme WHO: World Health Organization GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  15. 4. Premises C.02.004 The premises in which a lot or batch of a drug is fabricated or packaged/labelled shall be designed, constructed and maintained in a manner that; • Permits the operations therein to be performed under clean, sanitary and orderly conditions; • Permits the effective cleaning of all surfaces therein; • Prevents the contamination of the drug and the addition of extraneous material to the drug. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  16. 5. Equipment C.02.005 The equipment with which a lot or batch of a drug is fabricated, packaged/labelled, or tested shall be designed, constructed, maintained, operated, and arranged in a manner that: • permits the effective cleaning of its surfaces; • prevents the contamination of the drug and the addition of extraneous material to the drug; • permits it to function in accordance with its intended use. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  17. 6. Personnel C.02.006 Every lot or batch of a drug shall be fabricated, packaged/labelled, tested, and stored under the supervision of personnel who, having regard to the duties and responsibilities involved have had such technical, academic, and other training as the Director considers satisfactory in the interests of the health of the consumer or purchaser. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  18. 7. Sanitation & Hygiene C.02.007 & C.02.008 C.02.007 1. Every person who fabricates or packages/labels a drug shall have a written sanitation program that shall be implemented under the supervision of qualified personnel. 2. The sanitation program referred to in subsection (1) shall include: • cleaning procedures for the premises where the drug is fabricated or packaged/labelled and for the equipment used in the fabrication or packaging/labelling of the drug; and • instructions on the sanitary fabrication and packaging/labelling of drugs and the handling of materials used in the fabrication and packaging/labelling of drugs. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  19. 7. Sanitation & Hygiene C.02.007 & C.02.008 C.02.008 1. Every person who fabricates or packages/labels a drug shall have in writing, minimum requirements for the health and the hygienic behaviour and clothing of personnel to ensure the clean and sanitary fabrication and packaging/labelling of the drug. 2. No person shall have access to any area where a drug is exposed during its fabrication or packaging/labelling if the person • is affected with or is a carrier of a disease in a communicable form, or • has an open lesion on any exposed surface of the body GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  20. 8. Material Testing 1. Raw Material Testing – C.02.009 to C.02.010 2. Packaging Material Testing – C.02.016 to C.02.017 3. Finished Product Testing – C.02.018 to C.02.019 GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  21. 8. Material Testing Material Testing – C.02.009, 010, 016, 017, 018 & 019 • Lot-to-lot Testing • No release of material without proper testing and compliance. • Water may, prior to the completion of tests be used in the production of the drug • Proper documentation GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  22. 9. Manufacturing Control Manufacturing control– C.02.011 to C.02.012 C.02.011 • Every fabricator, packager/labeller, distributor referred to in paragraph C.01A.003(b) and importer of a drug shall have written procedures, prepared by qualified personnel, in respect of the drug to ensure that the drug meets the specifications for use of that drug. • Every person required to have written procedures referred to in subsection (1) shall ensure that each lot or batch of the drug is fabricated, packaged/labelled and tested in compliance with those procedures. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  23. 9. Manufacturing Control Manufacturing control– C.02.011 to C.02.012 C.02.012 • Every fabricator, packager/labeller or distributor referred to in section C.01A.003, importer, and wholesaler of a drug shall maintain • a system of control that permits complete and rapid recall of any lot or batch of the drug that is on the market; and • a program of self-inspection. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  24. 9. Manufacturing Control Manufacturing control– C.02.011 to C.02.012 C.02.012 2. Every fabricator and packager/labeller and subject to subsections (3) and (4), every distributor referred to in section C.01A.003(b) and importer of a drug shall maintain a system designed to ensure that any lot or batch of the drug fabricated and packaged/labelled on premises other than their own is fabricated and packaged/labelled in accordance with the requirements of this Division. 3. The distributor referred to in paragraph C.01A.003(b) of a drug that is fabricated, packaged/labelled, and tested in Canada by a person who holds an establishment licence that authorizes those activities is not required to comply with the requirements of subsection (2) in respect of that drug. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  25. 9. Manufacturing Control Manufacturing control– C.02.011 to C.02.012 C.02.012 4. If a drug is fabricated or packaged/labelled in an MRA country at a recognized building, the distributor referred to in paragraph C.01A.003(b) or importer of the drug is not required to comply with the requirements of subsection (2) in respect of that activity for that drug if • the address of the building is set out in that person's establishment licence; and b. that person retains a copy of the batch certificate for each lot or batch of the drug received by that person. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  26. 10. Quality Control Quality control– C.02.013 to C.02.015 C.02.013 1. Every fabricator, packager/labeller, distributor referred to in paragraph C.01A.003(b) and importer shall have on their premises in Canada a quality control department that is supervised by personnel described in section C.02.006. 2. The quality control department referred to in subsection (1) shall be a distinct organizational unit that functions and reports to management independently of any other functional units including the manufacturing, processing, packaging or sales unit. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  27. 10. Quality Control Quality control– C.02.013 to C.02.015 C.02.014 1. No lot or batch of drug shall be made available for sale unless the sale of that lot or batch is approved by the person in charge of the quality control department. 2. A drug that is returned to the fabricator, packager/labeller, distributor referred to in paragraph C.01A.003(b) or importer thereof shall not be made available for further sale unless the sale of that drug is approved by the person in charge of the quality control department. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  28. 10. Quality Control Quality control– C.02.013 to C.02.015 C.02.014 3. No lot or batch of raw material or of packaging/labelling material shall be used in the fabrication or packaging/labelling of a drug, unless that material is approved for that use by the person in charge of the quality control department. 4. No lot or batch of a drug shall be reprocessed without the approval of the person in charge of the quality control department. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  29. 10. Quality Control Quality control– C.02.013 to C.02.015 C.02.015 1. All fabrication, packaging/labelling, testing, storage, and transportation methods and procedures that may affect the quality of a drug shall be examined and approved by the person in charge of the quality control department before their implementation. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  30. 10. Quality Control Quality control– C.02.013 to C.02.015 C.02.015 2. The person in charge of the quality control department shall cause to be investigated every complaint on quality that is received and cause corrective action to be taken where necessary. 3. The person in charge of the quality control department shall cause all tests or examinations required pursuant to this Division to be performed by a competent laboratory. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  31. 11. Documentation Documentation– C.02.020 to C.02.024 Purpose of Documentation • to ensure that there are specifications for all materials and methods of manufacture and control • ensure all personnel know what to do and when to do it • ensure that authorized persons have all information necessary for release • provide audit trail GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  32. 12. Samples & Stability Samples– C.02.025 to C.02.026 Importance of Samples • To ensure that responsible officials at fabricating, distributing, or importing establishments and at Health Centers have ready access to those samples that are essential for re-examination should a product quality concern arise. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  33. 12. Samples & Stability Stability– C.02.027 to C.02.028 Importance of Stability • To establish a time period during which drug product in the package in which it is sold comply with the specifications. • To monitor by means of a continuing program , the stability of the drug in the package in which it is sold. • Tests carried out mainly are: Potency Tests, Physical Characteristics and Purity tests. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  34. 13. Sterile Production Sterile Production– C.02.029 To ensure that a drug that is intended to be sterile shall be fabricated and packaged/labelled • In separate and enclosed containers • Under the supervision of personnel trained in microbiology and • By a method scientifically proven to ensure sterility GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  35. Basic Environmental Standards for the Manufacture of Sterile Products at rest (5) in operation Grade Maximum permitted number of particles / m3 equal to or above (3) 0,5 µm 5 µm 0,5 µm 5 µm A (1) 3 500 1 (6) 3 500 1 (6) B (2) 3 500 1 (6) 350 000 2 000 C (2) 350 000 2 000 3 500 000 20 000 D (2) 3 500 000 20 000 not defined (4) not defined (4) 13. Sterile Production GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  36. Recommended limits for microbial contamination (a) (e) Grade air samplecfu/m3 settle plates(diameter 90mm),cfu/4 hours (b) contact plates(diameter 55 mm),cfu/plate (c) glove print5 fingerscfu/glove (d) A < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 B 10 5 5 5 C 100 50 25 - D 200 100 50 - 13. Sterile Production GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  37. Warehouse (Raw Material, Packaging Material, Intermediate, Bulk Drug, etc.) C.02.004-C.02.007 C0.03.015 PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTION PROCESS FLOW-CHART BASED UPON GMP GUIDELINES QC Lab FOR ANALYSIS C.02.002-C.02.007 C.02.009-C.02.010 C.02.013-C.02.015 Yes Quarantine Waiting for QC ANALYSIS FINISHED PRODUCT SHIPPED TO MARKET QC Reject Can be Re-analyzed Return Material to Vendor No QC Pass Samples Retained for Stability Testing C.02.025-C.02.028 PRODUCTION C.02.004-C.02.008 C.02.011, C.02.029 Yes Yes Can be re-processed QC Testing C.02.013 C.02.014 C.02.015 QC Reject Send To Scrap No Can be re-processed No QC Pass QC Reject QC Reject Labeling & Packaging C.02.016 C.02.017 FINISHED PRODUCT C.02.018 C.02.019 QC Pass QC Testing C.02.016 C.02.017 QC Pass QC Testing C.02.018 C.02.019 • Documentation/Records • C.02.020-C.02.024 GMP ORIENTATION SESSION Ravi K Muddha E-mail: rk_yss@yahoo.co.in

  38. Aim of GMP QUALITY IS NOT SOMETHING TO TEST OR INSPECT. IT HAS TO BE BUILT INTO THE PRODUCT BY FOLLOWING A QUALITY PRODUCTION PROCESS. GMP ORIENTATION SESSION

  39. THANK YOU GMP ORIENTATION SESSION