70-291: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network, Enhanced Chapter 8: Windows Internet Naming - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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70-291: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network, Enhanced Chapter 8: Windows Internet Naming

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70-291: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network, Enhanced Chapter 8: Windows Internet Naming
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70-291: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network, Enhanced Chapter 8: Windows Internet Naming

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    1. 70-291: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network, Enhanced Chapter 8: Windows Internet Naming Service

    2. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 2 Objectives Install WINS Configure WINS replication Manage WINS server settings Create static WINS mappings Back up and restore a WINS database Understand when to use a WINS proxy Troubleshoot the WINS service

    3. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 3 Installing WINS Windows Server 2003 has the ability to act as a WINS server via the WINS service WINS is never installed automatically on Windows Server 2003 Install the service using Add/Remove Windows Components

    4. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 4 Installing WINS (continued)

    5. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 5 Activity 8-1: Installing WINS Objective: Install WINS on your server Use the Add/Remove Windows Components utility

    6. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 6 Activity 8-2: Configuring a WINS Client Objective: Configure your server to be a WINS client Add the WINS client settings by using the TCP/IP configuration utilities A WINS server must be configured as a WINS client

    7. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 7 Configuring WINS Replication A WINS server can handle at least 5000 WINS clients Multiple WINS servers can be used to control network traffic and provide fault tolerance You must configure replication if there are multiple WINS servers on the network

    8. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 8 Configuring WINS Replication (continued) WINS servers that replicate information between themselves are called replication partners There are three ways replication can be configured: Push Pull Push/Pull

    9. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 9 Configuring WINS Replication (continued)

    10. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 10 Configuring WINS Replication (continued)

    11. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 11 Configuring WINS Replication (continued)

    12. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 12 Configuring WINS Replication (continued) Push replication occurs based upon changes in the WINS database Pull replication occurs based upon a set time schedule A combination of push and pull replication is used by default Both push and pull replication strategies can use persistent connections Persistent connections result in faster replication

    13. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 13 Configuring WINS Replication (continued)

    14. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 14 Configuring WINS Replication (continued)

    15. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 15 Configuring WINS Replication (continued)

    16. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 16 Activity 8-3: Configuring Replication Partners Objective: Configure your server to replicate WINS information with a partner Use the WINS snap-in to add a replication partner and complete this activity

    17. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 17 Managing WINS Default settings usually provide adequate service The renewal interval refers to the TTL given to WINS clients after a name is registered The extinction interval refers to how long an unused record exists before being marked extinct The extinction timeout refers to how long an extinct record is kept in the database The verification interval refers to how long a WINS server waits before validating a record replicated from another server

    18. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 18 Managing WINS (continued)

    19. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 19 Managing WINS (continued)

    20. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 20 Managing WINS (continued)

    21. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 21 Managing WINS (continued)

    22. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 22 Viewing Database Records You can directly view the contents of the WINS database To view the records, right-click Active Registrations and click Display Records You have the option to delete records A tombstoned record is deleted from all servers

    23. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 23 Viewing Database Records (continued)

    24. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 24 Activity 8-4: Viewing WINS Records Objective: View WINS records on your server Use the WINS snap-in

    25. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 25 Adding Static Records Non-Microsoft servers may not be able to use a WINS server To create a static WINS record, right-click Active Registrations and click New Static Mapping For each static mapping, you must enter: Computer name Record type IP address

    26. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 26 Adding Static Records (continued)

    27. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 27 Activity 8-5: Adding a Static Mapping Objective: Add a static mapping to the WINS database You will be creating a static configuration for a UNIX machine View the records in the database to ensure the configuration was successful

    28. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 28 Backing up the Database As a critical resource, the WINS database needs to be backed up regularly A corrupted WINS database can be easily repaired if a backup exists By default, a WINS server is not automatically backed up

    29. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 29 Backing up the Database (continued)

    30. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 30 Activity 8-6: Backing up and Restoring the WINS Database Objective: Back up and restore the WINS database on your server Create a directory to hold the backup Enable backup on shutdown Manually backup the database Delete and restore the database in order to test the backup capabilities

    31. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 31 Compacting the WINS Database There is no limit on the size of the database Compacting can reduce the size of the WINS database and improve performance Dynamic compacting is performed automatically on a periodic basis Offline compacting may be used to manually compact a database Use the jetpack utility for manual compacting

    32. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 32 Activity 8-7: Compacting the WINS database Objective: Compact a WINS database Stop the WINS service Use the jetpack utility to compact the database Restart the WINS service

    33. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 33 Removing WINS Servers Ensure that there are no NetBIOS applications that are required on the network before removing WINS You may choose to remove a WINS server if you already have several other servers

    34. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 34 Activity 8-8: Removing WINS Objective: Remove WINS from your server Remove the service using the Add/Remove Windows Components utility Remove the WINS client configuration

    35. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 35 WINS Proxy Used for computers that cannot be configured to use WINS UNIX clients often require a proxy

    36. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 36 WINS Proxy (continued)

    37. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 37 Troubleshooting WINS Most problems result from improperly configured TCP/IP settings on client computers NetBIOS name resolution problems are sometimes the result of a faulty NetBIOS name cache Problems may lie with records in the WINS database itself Failed replication may also cause problems Backup of the WINS database on a server may fail

    38. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 38 Summary When two or more WINS servers exist on a network, replication must be configured between them to synchronize their contents There are two types of WINS replication: push and pull A static mapping can be configured for resources that are unable to register themselves with WINS You can view the records in a WINS database, as well as delete them

    39. Guide to MCSE 70-291, Enhanced 39 Summary (continued) The WINS database should be backed up like any other critical resource on a network A WINS Proxy lets non-WINS clients use the WINS Service and verify the validity of NetBIOS names over the network