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Introduce software installation tools Set up a software distribution point PowerPoint Presentation
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Introduce software installation tools Set up a software distribution point

Introduce software installation tools Set up a software distribution point

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Introduce software installation tools Set up a software distribution point

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  1. Goals • Introduce software installation tools • Set up a software distribution point • Configure software installation defaults • Deploy software applications • Use modifications to customize applications • Set file extension priority • Set installation properties

  2. Goals (2) • Upgrade software • Remove software applications • Use Group Policy to manage folder redirection • Troubleshoot Group Policy-related problems

  3. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools • Group Policy • Allows you to deploy software applications remotely to users and computers in a site, domain, or OU • Allows you to manage software applications that you have already installed • The Software installation extensionin the Group Policy Object Editor provides a built-in feature you can use to install and maintain software

  4. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (2) • Software installation extension • Used to set up a Group Policy-based software management system • Enables an administrator to manage a number of software deployment tasks • Installation • Upgrades • Patches • Software removal

  5. (Skill 1) Figure 11-1 The Software installation extension in the Group Policy Object Editor

  6. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (3) • Software installation extension • Uses Windows Installer • A Windows 2000, XP, and Windows Server 2003 component • Defines and manages a standard format for setting up and installing applications • Tracks components such as Registry entries and shortcuts

  7. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (4) • Software installation extension • Windows Installer has three main components • Application Programming Interface (API) • Operating system service • Windows Installer package • It also includes Windows Installer package files, which contain instructions for the installation and removal of an application

  8. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (5) • Software installation extension • Windows Installer functions • Software diagnostics • Automatic repair or resiliency • Complete removal of software • Multiple operating system platform capability • Installs software applications with various file types including repackaged applications, modifications, and patch files

  9. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (6) • Add or Remove Programs applet in the Control Panel • Used by network users to manage the installation of software on their computers • Displays a list of available software based on users’ group memberships and the Group Policy that applies to them

  10. (Skill 1) Figure 11-2 Add or Remove Programs Window

  11. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (7) • Administrators can use several methods to deploy software applications • Assigning applications to users • Assigning applications to computers • Publishing applications to users

  12. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (8) • Assigning applications to users • When an application is assigned to a user, a notification for the application appears on the Start menu the next time the user logs on, regardless of which computer he or she uses to log on to the network • The application icon is also added to the desktop • This is known as advertising an application

  13. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (9) • Assigning applications to users • After an application is advertised, there are several ways the user can install the application • Start the application using the Start menu or the desktop icon (shortcut) • Open a file with the file extension for the application (referred to as invoking an application) • An optional feature in the Software installation extension allows an administrator to automatically install applications

  14. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (10) • Assigning applications to computers • When an application is assigned to a computer, installation is automatically carried out the next time the computer is started up • The application is then available to all users who use the computer, making assigning an application to a computer particularly useful for dedicated workstations • Provides an extremely useful benefit • Assigned applications are resilient • If files that the application requires are removed, the application automatically reinstalls

  15. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (11) • Publishing applications to users • Publishing an application does not provide resiliency or advertisement • After an application is published to a user, the application’s name, file associations, and notification settings are stored in Active Directory • A user can install the application by document invocation or by using the Add or Remove Programs window

  16. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (12) • Publishing applications to users • Advantages of publishing applications to users • Keeps users from inadvertently installing the application • Has considerable ramifications when disk space and licensing costs are considered

  17. (Skill 1) Introducing Software Installation Tools (13) • The software deployment phase consists of several phases • Analysis phase • Planning phase • Implementation phase

  18. (Skill 2) Setting Up a Software Distribution Point • Once you are familiar with the tools used to install and maintain software, you need to set up a Software Distribution Point (SDP) • An SDP is a shared network folder in which you store software • After you have published or assigned applications to users or assigned applications to computers, users can access them from this location

  19. (Skill 2) Figure 11-3 Plan for preparing software installation

  20. (Skill 2) Figure 11-4 The process of setting up an SDP

  21. (Skill 2) Setting Up a Software Distribution Point (2) • Permissions for the SDP folder • Only administrators should be granted Full Control • Users should be assigned the Readpermission • Some software applications support special commands to facilitate the creation of an SDP • You can run the command Setup /A during the setup of Microsoft Office 2000 or XP to create an administrative installation image • When you create administrative installation images, you can specify the software license key just once for all users

  22. (Skill 2) Setting Up a Software Distribution Point (3) • Software installation strategies • Create OUs to allocate particular applications to target groups depending on the organization’s needs • Deploy software at the site level • Create a single GPO rather than multiple GPOs to manage multiple applications

  23. (Skill 3) Configuring Software Installation Defaults • After you have set up an SDP and placed applications in it, you can define the default settings for all installed applications • Default settings • Aid application management • Set options for uninstalling applications • Include the initial deployment settings, which are specified by accessing the Software Settings node in the GPO Editor

  24. (Skill 3) Figure 11-5 The Software installation Properties dialog box

  25. (Skill 3) Figure 11-6 The Advanced tab

  26. (Skill 3) Figure 11-7 The Enter new category dialog box

  27. (Skill 3) Figure 11-8 The Categories tab

  28. (Skill 4) Deploying Software Applications • After you set the default installation settings, you can start deploying applications to users and computers by assigning or publishing applications • You can use different combinations of these deployment methods based on the needs of your organization

  29. (Skill 4) Figure 11-9 Selecting the Windows Installer package

  30. (Skill 4) Figure 11-10 The Deploy Software dialog box

  31. (Skill 4) Figure 11-11 An assigned application in the Group Policy Object Editor

  32. (Skill 5) Using Modifications to Customize Applications • You use modifications to customize the installation of an .msi package • Modifications • Are .mst files that allow you to modify the installation of Windows Installer packages when they are deployed • Enable users to install optional application features during the installation process • Since these files transform the original package, they are also referred to as transform files

  33. (Skill 5) Using Modifications to Customize Applications (2) • The .msi file contains default installation instructions that are shipped with the application • An Administrator cannot edit these default instructions • To customize deployment of an application, Administrators create transform files to be used with the original .msi file • To apply modifications, you use the Modifications tab in the Properties dialog box for an application

  34. (Skill 5) Figure 11-12 Applying modifications to an application

  35. (Skill 5) Using Modifications to Customize Applications (3) • If the application has already been deployed, you can specify modifications by editing the properties for the GPO that is being used to deploy the application • In the Group Policy Object Editor for the GPO, in the Software installation node, right-click the application • Click Properties to open the Properties dialog box • Open the Modifications tab

  36. (Skill 6) Setting File Extension Priority • It is common for users to install applications using document invocation • A single file extension may be associated with multiple applications, which may cause problems • To solve this problem, you can define the application priority for file extensions

  37. (Skill 6) Setting File Extension Priority (2) • By default, Windows Server 2003 and XP Professional display all applications in one list in the Add or Remove Programs window • If there are multiple applications, this can make an application difficult to find • To make new applications easier to find, you can organize the various assigned and published applications into application categories

  38. (Skill 6) Setting File Extension Priority (3) • Application categories • Enable users to install software in a more systematic way • The category for an application must be defined only once for the entire domain so that it does not appear in more than one category in the Add or Remove Programs window • You create application categories on the Categories tab in the Software installation Properties dialog box

  39. (Skill 6) Figure 11-13 Setting file extension precedence on the File Extensions tab

  40. (Skill 6) Figure 11-14 Application categories

  41. (Skill 7) Setting Installation Properties • After you have deployed an application, you can configure and fine-tune its installation properties depending on your organizational requirements • You can also add the application to an application category to make it easier for users to find the application in the Add or Remove Programs window

  42. (Skill 7) Setting Installation Properties (2) • You use the Properties dialog box for the application in the Group Policy Object Editor to set installation properties for software applications • Tasks involved with setting software application properties • Editing installation defaults on the Deployment tab • Setting application categories on the Categories tab • Setting software installation permissions on the Security tab

  43. (Skill 7) Figure 11-15 Modifying installation options for an application

  44. (Skill 7) Figure 11-16 Specifying the category for an application

  45. (Skill 7) Figure 11-17 Setting application installation permissions

  46. (Skill 8) Upgrading Software • Installing software is usually a one-time operation; however, software may need to be upgraded periodically • Administrators typically perform two kinds of upgrades • Mandatory software upgrade • Optional software upgrade

  47. (Skill 8) Upgrading Software (2) • Mandatory software upgrades • Deployed when installing the latest version of an application is compulsory • Optional software upgrades • Allow users to install the upgrade from the Add or Remove Programs window as required • Both upgrades are set on the Upgrades tab in the Properties dialog box for the application in the GPO

  48. (Skill 8) Figure 11-18 The Add Upgrade Package

  49. (Skill 8) Figure 11-19 Setting upgrade options on the Upgrades tab

  50. (Skill 8) Figure 11-20 The upgrade package in the Group Policy Object Editor