Unit 1 Changes in the Way We Live Text A Mr. Doherty Builds His Dream Life College English Integrated Course 3
1 Before-reading 2 Global reading While-reading 3 Post-reading 4 Contents • Warm-up • Text-related information • Text organization • Further understanding • Language focus • Difficult sentences • Useful expressions and dictation • Writing Practice • Time for fun
Warm-up Video Q & A How did Obama’s father and mother realize their dreams? What kinds of qualities are necessary for pursuing one’s dreams? (open) What can you learn from Obama’s speech? (open)
Text-related information The countryside • The The countryside of Britain is well known for its beauty and many contrasts: its bare mountains and moorland(广袤的荒野) , its lakes, rivers and woods, and its long, often wild coastline. Many of the most beautiful areas are national parks and are protected from development. When British people think of farmland, as well as open spaces, they imagine cows or sheep in green fields enclosed by hedges篱笆 or stone walls, and fields of wheat and barley(大麦). • Many people associate the countryside with peace and relaxation. They spend their free time walking or cycling there, or go to the country for a picnic or a pub酒馆酒吧lunch. Only a few people who live in the country work on farms. Many commute乘车上下班to work in towns. Many others dream of living in the country, where they believe they would have a better and healthier life style.
Text-related information • America has many areas of wild and beautiful scenery, and there are many areas, especially in the West in states like Montana and Wyoming, where few people live. In the New England states, such as Vermont and New Hampshire, it is common to see small farms surrounded by hills and green areas. • In Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and other Midwestern states, fields of corn or wheat reach to the horizon and there are many miles between towns. • Only about 20% of Americans live outside cities and towns. Life may be difficult for people who live in the country. Services like hospitals and schools may be further away, and going shopping can mean driving long distances. Some people even have to drive from their homes to the main road where their mail is left in a box. In spite of the disadvantages,
Text-related information • many people who live in the country say that they like the safe, clean, attractive environment. But their children often move to a town or city as soon as they can. • As in Britain, Americans like to go out to the country at weekends. Some people go on camping or fishing trips, others go hiking in national parks.
Related cultural background • Ivy League Ivy League refers to eight long-established colleges and universities in the United States with prestigious academic and social reputations. Members of the Ivy League are Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island; Columbia University in New York City; Cornell University in Ithaca, New York; Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire; Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts; University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia; Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey; Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. The members of the Ivy League compete in intercollegiate大学间的联合对抗 athletics.
BR3.1.1 Brown University
BR3.1.2 Columbia University
BR3.1.3 Cornell University
BR3.1.4 Dartmouth College
BR3.1.5 Harvard University
BR3.1.6 University of Pennsylvania
BR3.1.7 Princeton University
BR3.1.8 Yale University
BR3.2 If you want to know more about these schools, you are welcomed to log on to their websites: Brown University www.brown.edu Columbia University www.columbia.edu Cornell University www.cornell.edu Dartmouth College www.dartmouth.edu Harvard University www.harvard.edu University of Pennsylvania www.upenn.edu Princeton University www.princeton.edu Yale University www.yale.edu
Buying Insurance • People face many choices when buying insurance policies. They commonly choose an insurance provider based on several criteria. Some of the most important of these include: 1) the financial stability of the insurance company, 2) the price of policies, and 3) details of coverage and service.
People seeking to buy insurance often use the services of an insurance agent of broker to assist in their purchase. Most insurance falls into four main categories, according to what it covers: 1) property and casualty, 2) life, 3) health and disability, and 4) old-age and unemployment. Insurers commonly refer to insurance purchased by individuals as personal lines coverage and to insurance purchased by businesses as commercial coverage.
Individual Retirement Account Individual Retirement Account refers to a US government plan that allows people to put part of their income into special bank accounts. No tax has to be paid on this money until retire. In fact, “IRA” is used more often.
Text-organization Part division • The writer views his life in the country as a self-reliant and satisfying one. Part I (Lines 1-14 ) • Life in the country is good yet sometimes very hard. Part I I (Lines 15-44 ) • After quitting his job, the writer’s income was reduced, but he and his family can manage to get by. Part III (Lines 45-77 ) • A tolerance for solitude and a lot of energy have made it possible for family to enjoy their life in the country. Part IV (Lines 78-101 )
GR-Part1-1 Further Understanding True or False 1. The writer is a famous writer who is living in the countryside. ( ) F (He is not famous.) 2. In the writer's opinion, their life in the countryside is self-reliant because they can grow all kinds of fruits and go picnicking in the summer. 2. ( ) F (“Go picnicking in the summer” tells us he is satisfied with the life there.)
GR-Part1-2 3. The writer is satisfied with the life in the countryside only because their hens can lay eggs for them and their bees can provide them with honey. ( ) F Their hens, eggs, fruits, etc. contribute to their self-reliant life in the countryside. 4.The writer and his family live in the countryside because they were dissatisfied with the life in the city and suburbs. T ( ) • The writer uses the following words or phrases to tell readers that he is satisfied with the life in the countryside: canoe, picnic, bicycle rides, deer, hawks, fruits and honey. ( ) F The last two words show he has a self-reliant life.
GR-Part2-1 Interview Suppose one of your classmates is the writer of this unit and you and another classmate are the college students in the near city. When you learn that the writer has moved to the countryside from the city, you are very interested in it and ask for an interview with him. The following tips may give you some help in the interview. • The words in the brackets are the hints about the questions. • How long have you been here since you left your city? • ( 3 years) • 2. Just now you mentioned that the country life is self-reliant and satisfying. But can you tell us something about the tough side of the country life? • ( firewood; corn; strawberries; chickens; outdoor toilet)
GR-Part2-2 3. Besides what you mentioned just now, what do you and your wife usually do? (freelance articles; household routine; garden; beehives; bread; music lessons; flower beds; wood; eggs; old saying) 4. We were told that the first winter has left a deep impression on you. Could you please say something about that? (snow; storm; wood; apples) 5. What did you do when spring came? ( two floods; growing season; wave of produce; freezer; cupboards; basement; barn)
Multiple Choice • Choose the best answer to complete the sentence. • 1. The writer quitted his job because __________. A) he thought he would have a better time in the countryside • B) he would have more work to do in the year to come • C) he was sure that he had enough money to support his family • D) he just wanted to improve the quality of his family’s life in the country D
B 2. In order to write stories for Smithsonian the writer had to _______. A) crawl into black-bear dens B) hitch up dogsled racing teams C) check out the Lake Champlain “monster” D) canoe through the Boundary Water wilderness area of Minnesota
3. The total premium of the writer’s family every year is _____. • $960 • $2,000 • $400 • $560 A
4. Suppose the medical fee for the writer’s wife is $3,000, the insurance company has to pay _____. A) $2,400 B) $2,000 C) $3,000 D) $500 B
C 5. In order to save money the writer’s family ______. A) drink less wine B) never go to see any ballet] C) go to some less expensive restaurants once or twice a month D) attend the opera twice a month
While-reading • 1. (L19~22) Soon Jim, 16 and Emily, 13, the youngest of our four children, will help me make some long-overdue improvements on the outdoor toilet that supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside. 1. Analyze the structure of the sentence. • 1) The structure of this sentence is complicated. • “The youngest of our four children” is in apposition to “Jim, 16 and Emily, 13.” • 2) “That supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside” is an attributive clause modifying“the outdoor toilet.”
Translate the sentence into Chinese • 过些时候，四个孩子中的两个小的，16岁的吉米和13岁的埃米莉，会帮着我一起把拖了很久没修的室外厕所修葺一下。当我们在室外干活时，这个厕所便成为室内卫生设备的补充。
2.get by(L3):be good enough but not every good; manage to live or do things in a satisfactory way 过得去 • get by (on sth) (靠某物)勉强维生；设法维持；对付 • ---It is a little bit difficult for the old couple to get by on such a small pension 抚恤金. • ---我父母亲靠很少的一些钱凑合着过下去。 • My parents managed to get by on a small amount of money.
3. Supplement(L5)vt. Add to sth. in order to improve it (followed by with) • ---Peter supplements his ordinary income by writing books. • ---医生建议在我的饮食中补充维生素E和A. • The doctor suggested supplementing my diet with vitamins E and A. • 2) n. an additional amount of sth. • ---She has been ill and must have supplement to her ordinary food.
4. spray(L22) vt. force out liquid in small drops upon (followed by with) • ---I’ll have to spray the roses with insecticide杀虫剂 to get rid of the greenfly (蛀虫). • ---汽车开过，溅了我一身水。 • A car went past and sprayed me with water.
5. (L31~32) There is, as the old saying goes, no rest for the wicked, on a place like this--- and not much for the virtuous either. • 1) Tell the class the origin of the saying “There is no rest for the wicked.” • The saying comes from the Bible, Isaiah 57:21, “….no peace, saith my god, to the wicked.” It means that you must continue with your work or other activity that you should be doing, not rest. • 2) Translate the sentence into Chinese. • 正如老话说的那样， 在这种情形之下，坏人不得闲—贤德之人也歇不了.
6. wicked(L32) adj. evil or bad ---We are all born good, but can be taught to be wicked. • That was wicked of him. • 你干的事情真缺德 • ---I have such a wicked toothache.
7. (L38~39) Then the growing season began, swamping us under wave after wave of produce. 1) What’s the function of the phrase “swamping us under wave after wave of produce”? This V-ing form is one of the non-finite verbs (非限定动词). It serves as an adverbial in the sentence and it indicates another action by the subject of the sentence. • 2)Paraphrase the sentence • Then the growing season came and it brought us a lot of agricultural products.
3).What attitude of the author can we infer from this sentence towards his country life? We can see that he was very satisfied with it and enjoyed the harvest. 4) What can we infer from the sentence? • 1) The big harvest was beyond expectation. • 2) He was filled with joy because of the big harvest.
8. get through (L45) come successfully to the end 通过，度过 • ---当地政府已采取一些措施以确保全体人民熬过冬天。 • The local government has taken some measures to ensure that all the people will get through the winter. • ---She got through the entrance examination and was accepted by the college.
Collocation: • get across （使）被了解，解释清楚 • get along 进展；相处 • get by 过得去，尚可；过活 • get on with 与….相处；（中断后）继续；进展 • get over 从（疾病，悲伤等）中恢复过来；克服（困难）