Creating For Communities in Cape Town
Name? • Age? • What is the language you use at home? • What subject do you teach? • Where is your family from? • Yearly income? • Do you agree that dogs are better pets than cats? • When did you get your first smartphone? • When was the first time you traveled outside of South Africa? • How much does your family spend on food per week, on average?
Youth Design Studio is a sustainable design class that will teach high school learners to design, create, and build a project that will benefit their community. • Skills : design, critical thinking, creative problem-solving • Mentorship: professionals will work with students Youth empowerment and leadership
What is a “Design Project”? • Locally-based • Low-cost • Practically implementable
What’s the Process? CREATE IDEATE EVALUATE
Our Curriculum • Introduction: What is design? • Social Research: Who is your community, and what challenges do they face? • Project Brainstorming • Project Determination(skills & tools teaching) • Testing & experimentation • Final Project Construction • Evaluation/Reflection • Showcase • Going forward?
How to Implement? Flexibility Timing • Main class (art or shop class) • After school (extramural) • School Holiday Teaching Possibilities • Teachers • University students • YDS team • Winter holiday • 30 June – 18 July 2014 • 3-4 weeks / 4-5 days per week • 10-25 students
What is social research? Social research seeks to understand people (their ideas, behavior, and values) through well-planned questioning, observation, and participation.
Who is your community? • Activity! • What community are we in now? • Assignment: Take ONE photo of something that describes this community Who are they? How do they use this space? When thinking about community, make sure all groups/ ethnicities/ ages/ genders/ jobs are represented
What is your research question? • Come up with a one-sentence summary of the challenge or question(s) you’re trying to find out more about • Phrase optimistically! • How do we keep our students from falling asleep in class? • How might we redesign our classrooms and teaching methods to keep students more engaged on a daily basis?
How are you going to record info? • Note writing? Voice recording? Video recording? • Advantages/Disadvantages of recording devices • Everyone has a different preferred method
Types of Research • Written surveys • Interviews • Individual interviews • Group interviews & Games • Observation • Participation
The Semi-Structured Interview • Meet people where they’re comfortable • Start with concrete things: name, age, etc. • Broaden to more open-ended questions • Let the conversation flow! • Be aware of possibly sensitive issues; questions biased toward gender/age/culture/ socioeconomic status/etc.
DON’T: Ask leading questions (ones that suggest an answer), or suggest that one answer may be more correct than another. • Do you agree that the school board should spend more money on arts education rather than sports? • Do you think the school board is spending money efficiently? • What are your opinions about how the school board spends its money?
How to ask complicated questions • Questions about future or hypothetical behavior can be complicated • “What would you do if” – assess risk, money, tradeoffs, or other future situations • Simplify by breaking down into concrete choices. • You have a choice of 2 phones. The first costs R2000 and comes with no guarantees. The second costs R3000 and comes with the guarantee that if it breaks within 2 years, you will get a new one. Which phone do you take? • Alternative: Activity!
Financial Behavior Activity • You EARN R5000. Each square of paper is R500. How many do you: • Save • Spend on necessities (food, household, transport) • Spend on non-necessities • You WIN R5000. Each square is R500. How many do you: • Save • Spend on necessities (food, household, transport) • Spend on non-necessities
IMPORTANT!! • Note what people DON'T say • Be able to adapt • DON’T feel limited to one method! • DON’T get too attached to anything: not your challenge, not your ideas on how to solve it, not your interview questions.
What will this look like in an actual class? In Youth Design Studio, students will: • Determine who their community is, & question assumptions • Decide what questions they will address • Decide what strategies to use to answer those questions • Record data, and come together to discuss findings • Determine main challenges in their community • Decide how to go about addressing challenges
Data Analysis • Note coding: main themes/keywords • Quantitative/qualitative analysis • Highlighting main ideas/insights Additional Resources:www.imagine-more.org http://www.ideo.com/work/toolkit-for-educators