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Who or what? PowerPoint Presentation
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Who or what?

Who or what?

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Who or what?

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  1. Task facing the early Church?Identify if the following refers to: Old Testament, New Testament or Bible • A collection of books concerned with God’s covenant: the agreement that God made with the people of Israel and the agreement brought to fulfillment in Jesus • A scholar named Marcion tried to convince the Church to exclude this • Under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, the Church developed its _____ of 27 books. • The part of the Bible that recalls the story of Jesus, his mission, his followers

  2. This recalls God’s relationship with the people of Israel, from creation through the formation of the covenant … • Consists of 73 books • Because early Christians used the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, they accepted the 46 _____ books • Another name for “covenant” • Official list of Sacred Scripture books

  3. Who or what? • Developed a vocabulary of terms with which to describe the faith • Translated the Bible into Latin from Hebrew and Greek • Skilled writer and preacher who became the bishop of Hippo, city in Africa • Great preacher whose name, Chrysostom, means ‘golden-mouthed” • Studied and explained Scripture • A belief or collection of beliefs that rejects one or more of the revealed truths of the faith

  4. Who or what cont. • Claimed that God’s real revelation was available only as secret knowledge to a select few • Claimed that Jesus was less than divine • Claimed that Jesus was only divine and thus not human • Word that comes from Greek and means “of the whole world” • Name 3 things about the ecumenical councils

  5. Church Councils Read p.91 For each of the 4 Church councils name or explain: Name of person/s involved, argument, where, result/s, year

  6. First ecumenical council? When? Men involved? Arius (priest from Alexandria) Athanasius (young deacon) Constantine called it Argument? Jesus was not fully divineJesus had to be fully human to represent humanity before God and also be fully God to have power to save us Results? Arian heresy was condemned. Council set down creed to express the full divinity and full humanity of Jesus.

  7. Second council • Where? • When? • Who called it? • Argument or controversy? • Result? Repeated teaching of Nicaea; reiterated that the Holy Spirit, like Jesus, is also fully divine. (Blessed Trinity, one God in 3 divine Persons)

  8. Nestorius (bishop of Constantinople) Claimed that Jesus was 2 different persons, one human & one divine Council- condemned him Affirmed that Mary gave birth to Jesus, the Son of god (Mary can be called “Mother of God” 431 Council of Ephesus (Turkey)

  9. Greatest of the first four councils? • When? • Why? • Bishops affirmed the teaching of PopeLeo the Great that Jesus was one person with two natures- divine and human • If an ecumenical council were held today, about how many bishops would attend?