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EU-Neighbourhood: From TACIS and MEDA to ENPI

EU-Neighbourhood: From TACIS and MEDA to ENPI

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EU-Neighbourhood: From TACIS and MEDA to ENPI

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  1. EU-Neighbourhood:From TACIS and MEDAtoENPI

  2. EuropeAid Cooperation Office The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) Jean-Louis VILLE EuropeAid Cooperation Office Head of Unit ‘Finances, Contracts and Audit Directorate Europe, Southern Mediterranean, Middle-East and Neighbourhood Policy

  3. ENPI European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument

  4. ENPI • Introduction / Budget • Programming • Target areas • Participation

  5. East Russia Ukraine Belarus Moldova Georgia Armenia Azerbaijan South Morocco Algeria Tunisia Libya Egypt Palestinian Authorities for Westbank and Gaza Israel Jordan Lebanon Syria =17 Partner countries ENPI

  6. ENPI Goals • Common space of stability, security and prosperity • Avoid new dividing lines in Europe • Increase efficiency of external assistance • Greater coherence through unified instruments • Simplified programming and administration

  7. ENPI Stimulating cooperation and economic integration with EU member states to support the achievement of • Partnership- and cooperation agreements (East) • Association agreements (South) • and other agreements (Action Plans)

  8. Origins of the ENPI Regulation:Development of the Idea March 2003 - Wider-Europe-Communication: Importance of avoiding new dividing lines July 2003 -Paving the way for a New Neighbourhood Instrument: A single regulation for CBC at the external borders May 2004 - European Neighbourhood Policy Strategy Paper: ENPI would complement NOT replace MEDA and TACIS July 2004 - Financial perspectives 2007-2013: Scope of the ENPI would be enlarged to cover ALL financial assistance to the neighbours

  9. ENPI What will change? • Transition from technical assistance to an extensive cooperation • New forms of cooperation: • CBC - Cross-Border Cooperation • Targeted administrative measures (Twinning), TAIEX • More financing options: (Art. 15) • Budget assistance / sectoral assistance • Debt relief • Investments and investment-related activities • Poolfinancing with other donors (EIB, etc.) • Microprojects ...

  10. ENPI What will change (cont.)? • More open procedures: ( Art. 17, 18) • Extended co-financing, application of the tendering process of the partner country in case of decentralized administration • More result-focused: ( Art. 7, 24) • Evaluation: consequences for fund allocation • Extension of development capabilities ( Art.14) • Civil society ... • Strictly politically steered: • Support for ENP and strategic partnership with Russia

  11. ENPI • 17 country programs • 3 regional programs (East, South, interregional) • 1 program for cross-border cooperation http://ec.europa.eu/world/enp/documents_en.htm http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/projects/tacis/publications_en.htm http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/projects/med/bilateral_en.htm

  12. ENPI Budget: Art. 29 ENPI regulation: € 11,181 Bn for 2007-13

  13. ENPI March 2007

  14. ENPI • Governance Facilityadditional financial support for partner countries with strongest development potential for the realization of leadership priorities of the respective action plan • Neighbourhood Investment Fund (for the enrichment of IFI-loans in partner countries – grants, to support the loan activities of such institutions in conjunction with the priorities of the EU) •  At least € 400 mio. 2007-10 to foster the areas of Governance and Investments

  15. ENPI • Support also through: • 5 thematic programs  DCI • Nuclear instrument • EIDHR

  16. ENPI Thematic Programs (DCI) • ”Investing in people”Human and social development • Protection of the environment and sustainable planning/cultivation of natural resources, including energy • Non-state actors and local authorities in the process of development • Food security • Migration and asylum policies

  17. CBC Programs for land borders (9) and sea crossings (3)

  18. CBC Sea Basin Programs (3)

  19. ENPI • Introduction / Budget • Programming • Target areas • Participation

  20. DG External Relations and EuropeAid: Programming € Project Budget of the European Commission

  21. Programming Decision-making process • Strategy • Budget • Priorities

  22. Programming • Strategy Papers • 7 years (2007-2013) • Long-term goals • Overview of all priorities of Commission assistance; contains all existing instruments and programs • Multi-annual Indicative Programs • 4 years (2007-2010) • Attached to strategy papers • Details about target areas of ENPI support • Action Programs • annual • Attached to multi-annual indicative programs • specific project areas / activities and budget

  23. Programming: Responsibilities • Strategy Papers } DG External Relations Multi-annual Indicative Programs Action programs DG EuropeAid { Delegations DG EuropeAid Tenders Projects

  24. Programming of external aid Example: Action Program 2006

  25. Programming of external aid Example: Action Program 2006

  26. Life-cycle of an Action Program

  27. ENPI • Introduction / Budget • Programming • Target areas • Participation

  28. ENPI INTERREGIONAL PROGRAM (2007-10): • Fostering reforms through consultations and experts (TAIEX, SIGMA) • Fostering of tertiary education and student exchanges • Fostering of cooperation between local actors from partner countries and the EU • Support in realizing the European Neighbourhood Policies and the strategic partnership with Russia

  29. ENPI REGIONAL PROGRAM EAST (2007-10): Priority 1: Establishment of networks (25-35%) Sub-priority 1: Transport Sub-priority 2: Energy Sub-priority 3: Regional cooperation SME Priority 2: Environmental protection and forestry (25-35%) Priority 3: Border security, migration, fight against international crime as well as customs (20-30%) Priority 4: Civil society contacts, information and development actions (10-15 %) Priority 5: Landmine cleansing, not exploded war relics, small arms and light arms (5-10%)

  30. ENPI REGIONAL PROGRAM SOUTH (2007-10): Priority Nr. 1: COOPERATION IN THE AREAS OF POLITICS, JUSTICE, SECURITY AND MIGRATION PriorityNr. 2: SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Priority Nr. 3: SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE

  31. ENPI • Introduction / Budget • Programming • Target areas • Participation

  32. How are projects tendered? Various procedures for: • Grants • Non-Profit • Service • Supplies • Works

  33. How are projects tendered (cont.)? • Tenders of national projects are being published by the respective Delegations in place. Only regional projects are tendered in Brussels. • Ex.: Tenders for Services Deadlines At least 30 days before Forecast The entire tendering process takes about 6 -7 months At least 30 days Publishing of tender Short-list No deadline At least 50 days Tender No deadline apart from the validity of the tender (90 days) Awarding All forecasts and announcements are being published on the EuropeAid homepage: europa.eu.int/comm/europeaid/cgi/frame12.pl

  34. Ex.: current tenders (services) Ukraine SCIENTIFIC TECHNICAL AND ORGANISATIONAL SUPPORT TO SE-STC Reference: EuropeAid/124437/C/SER/UABudget EUR: 900000Status: Forecast Documents:   forecast On-Site assistance to Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant project n. U1.03/06Reference: EuropeAid/124920/C/SER/UABudget EUR: 3000000Status: Open (until 12.04.2007) Documents:   forecasttender 02.03.2007  tender (corr.) 13.03.2007 Support to the Development of Business Capacity of Ukrainian SMEs - International DimensionReference: EuropeAid/124928/C/SER/UABudget EUR: 2500000Status: Open (until 16.04.2007) Documents:   forecasttender 14.03.2007  tender (corr.) 27.03.2007 Support to the Integration of Ukraine in the Trans-European Transport Network TEN-T Reference: EuropeAid/124964/C/SER/UAStatus: Forecast Documents:   forecast Support to Sustainable Regional DevelopmentReference: EuropeAid/125234/C/SER/UABudget EUR: 3000000Status: Forecast Documents:   forecast Support to the National Coordination Unit Reference: EuropeAid/125249/C/SER/UABudget EUR: 800000Status: Forecast Documents:   forecast

  35. Useful websites Tenders http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/cgi/frame12.pl Guidelines http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/tender/gestion/index_en.htm

  36. Thank you http://europa.eu.int/comm/europeaid