Art with a Twist Campello on Contemporary
Or what this really will be… • Who is this Campello guy anyway? • A quick review of art history • A quick lesson on art styles, genres and movements • Loads of examples • A pop quiz • Booze at the end
All about me… • Too many schools • Artist • Gallerist and Art Dealer • Art Critic • TV and Radio • Arts Blogger • Speaker
Art History Review • Let’s focus on the visual arts and skip all the other associated arts, such as architecture, music, performance, etc.
35,000 years ago down to 10,000 years ago, mostly in caves in Spain and France
Enter the Greeks • We think that the ancient Greeks were the first culture to use art to decorate their homes. • Initially copied the Egyptians, but then exploded art into classical realism, with super accurate portrayals of people.
Then the Romans rule for centuries First they copied the Greeks…
Then the Germans head South… • Rome falls in 410 AD • The various German tribes sweep down from the North and essentially wipe out Roman civilization in Europe as the Roman Emperor moves to Constantinople. • Germanic tribes pour by the millions into Northern Italy, France and Spain and set up their own kingdoms in those areas. • Dark Ages begin…
Enter the Christian Church… Around 11th century in Daphne, Greece
We’ve skipped… • The Renaissance in Northern Europe… • Art in the rest of the world… • We’ll now skip Baroque art, Rococo, and most of the 18th century…
We’re in the mid 1800s • Romanticism and Neo-Classicism dominate the great salons in the capitals of Europe…
Enter the Realists and the Impressionists… … an abstract object, invisible or non existent, does not belong in the domain of painting… show me an angel and I’ll paint one… Gustave Courbet (1819 - 1877) Rejected by the jurors for the 1855 Paris International Exhibition, he sets up his own pavilion and calls it the Pavilion of Realism.
Impressionism The term is introduced by art critic Louis Leroy ridiculing a landscape by Monet titled “Impression – Sunrise.”
But it really began in 1863, at the Salon des Refuses, an exhibition held to accommodate the angry artists who had been rejected for the Salon that year.
From the 1860’s Impressionist painters such as Monet, Pissarro, Renoir, Degas and others followed Manet’s lead in painting scenes of contemporary life and landscapes. Led to some of them painting outdoors, directly from nature. From this comes a new revelation of light, climate and atmosphere. Science added new colors to their palette and understanding of color theory. Most of their exhibitions irritated the public and the critics. Colors influenced greatly by the arrival of Japanese Ukiyo-e woodblock prints in Europe
By the late 1800s, Impressionism has been accepted as “real art,” and thus was no longer the “new thing.” • And the new generation of painters are no longer just interested in momentary sensations of light and color. • Four painters lead the charge into Post-Impressionism: Seurat, Cezanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin.
Review Characteristics of Impressionist painting usually include visible, choppy brushstrokes, open composition, emphasis on light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), common, ordinary subject matter, movement as a key element of human perception, and often unusual visual angles.
Not too many well-known contemporary painters paint in the style of the Impressionists… but many lesser known artists still do, and when they do, their work is considered by critics and museums to be too “derivative.”
Enter the 20th century • Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, Dadaism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Optical Art, Pop Art… • Eventually, everything becomes art
God is really only another artist. He invented the giraffe, the elephant, and the cat. He has no real style. He just keeps on trying other things. Pablo Picasso