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Behavior Therapy:

Behavior Therapy:

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Behavior Therapy:

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  1. Behavior Therapy: BY Abdul Rehman M.Sc. Psychology II Govt. College Jhang

  2. Behavior Therapy: • Term Behavior therapy is applied to Psychological treatment based on experimental psychology and intended to change symptoms and behavior. The other terms are used to describe these methods.

  3. Behavior Modification: • That is employed both as a synonym for Behavior therapy, and to refer to a particular group of procedures based on operant conditions.

  4. Exposure Treatment for Phobias • Treated by focusing on the avoidance, behavior or on the anxiety felt in phobic situation or on the anticipatory anxiety experienced before meeting these situation.

  5. Therapy procedures: Procedures are taught and are paired with imagined senses. Situations are presented in a series that moves from the least to the most threatening. At each stage anxiety is neutralized as for as possible usually by relaxation.

  6. Token economy: • It is a behavioral approach based on the application of Skinners principles of operant condition including reinforcements Instead of using reinforces directly, token are awarded that can be exchange later for a variety of material goods desired by the clients.

  7. Forms of punishment: • An operant conditioning intervention used by therapists to reduce an unwanted behavior. It consists of the presentation of an unpleasant stimulus as a consequence of such behavior, When the punishment is withdrawn. The behavior bounces back.

  8. operant methods for reducing unwanted behavior Below are three operant methods for reducing unwanted behavior. • Time out • Over correction • Response cost.

  9. Time out: • Increasing attention has been directed to the technique Known as time out from positive reinforcement. The procedure assumes that a target behavior will decrease infrequency if the individual is denied the opportunity to attain positive reinforcement.

  10. Over correction: • particular value when Misbehavior occurs at high rates. Overcorrection is most often applied to the disruptive behavior of children or institutionalized adults.

  11. Response Cost: • Response cost is a form of punishment in which a • Reinforce is removed after an inappropriate or undesirable behavior. Response cost requires that the relationship between the act and penalty be clearly explained.

  12. Multimodal Therapy: • Multimodal therapist asks the question what is the best for this particular person. They take great care not to try to fit the client to a predetermined treatment so that the therapeutic flexibility. take great care not to try to fit the client to a predetermined treatment so that the therapeutic flexibility and versatility are required, in multimodal therapy

  13. CONTI… • behavior therapist draw methods from three major thrusts of the behavioral approach, the classical, operant and cognitive.

  14. Basic ID • The Basic ID is the cognitive map that ensures that each aspect of personality receives explicit and systematic attention. • Behavior, affective responses sensations, images, cognitions interpersonal relationships and biological function.

  15. Application to group and programs: Although most of the writing about the multimodal therapy has Been from the perspective of individual psychotherapy. The model is well suited for groups counseling and group therapy.

  16. ASSERTION TRAINING • A behavioral approach that has gained popularity is assertion training, which is one form of social-skill training. For example, children need to lean how to interact with opposite sex and adult must learn how to effectively relate to mates, peers and superiors.

  17. . SELF MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS AND SELF DIRECTED BEHAVIOR: • In self management program people make decisions concerning specific behavior they want to control or change. Some common examples include excessive eating, drinking or smoking

  18. I: SELECTION OF GOALS: • The initial stage beings with specifying what changes are desired. Goals should be one at a time and they should be measurable, attainable, positive and significant for the person.

  19. Therapists Role Function: • The Behavior therapists the typically function as a teacher, director and expert in diagnosing maladaptive behavior and in prescribing curative. Procedures that, it is hoped, will lead to improved behaviors.

  20. Limitations and criticisms of behavior therapy: • Criticism 1 • Behavior therapy may change behaviors but it does not change feelings. • Criticism 2 • Behavior therapy ignores the important relational factors in therapy

  21. CONYINU… • Criticism 3 • Behavior therapy does not provide insight. • Criticism 4: • Behavior therapy ignore the caused of present behavior. • Criticism 5: • Behavior therapy involves control and manipulation by the therapist.

  22. Assertion Training • A behavioral approach that has gained popularity is assertion training, which is one form of social-skill training. For example, children need to lean how to interact with opposite sex and adult must learn how to effectively relate to mates, peers and superiors

  23. Application to group and programs: • Although most of the writing about the multimodal therapy has Been from the perspective of individual psychotherapy. The model is well suited for groups counseling and group therapy.

  24. Limitations and criticisms of behavior therapy • Criticism 1: • Behavior therapy may change behaviors but it does not change feelings. • Criticism 2: • Behavior therapy ignores the important relational factors in therapy.

  25. CONTI….. • Criticism 3: • Behavior therapy does not provide insight. • Criticism 4: • Behavior therapy ignore the caused of present behavior.

  26. CONTI…. • Criticism 5: • Behavior therapy involves control and manipulation by the therapist.

  27. THANKS