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Overall Systems Development Process PowerPoint Presentation
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Overall Systems Development Process

Overall Systems Development Process

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Overall Systems Development Process

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    1. Overall Systems Development Process Dr Jon Tepper Room N330 Hello everyone, my name is Jon Tepper. Some of you may already know me from your Level I and II of your course. However, for those who do not, you can normally find me in room N411 of the Newton Building. As you are aware, you will soon be entering Level III and thus the final year of your degree. Level III consists of an individual project supported by two compulsory modules on design and quality. It also consists of a number of optional modules selected by yourself one of these being Artificial Intelligence - which is the one I would like to interest YOU in.Hello everyone, my name is Jon Tepper. Some of you may already know me from your Level I and II of your course. However, for those who do not, you can normally find me in room N411 of the Newton Building. As you are aware, you will soon be entering Level III and thus the final year of your degree. Level III consists of an individual project supported by two compulsory modules on design and quality. It also consists of a number of optional modules selected by yourself one of these being Artificial Intelligence - which is the one I would like to interest YOU in.

    2. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 2 Learning Objectives Describe computer-based systems development Distinguish between application software and systems software Describe the software engineering processes that assist in computer-based systems analysis and design Discuss the benefits of using a systems development methodology Describe the traditional systems development lifecycle (waterfall model)

    3. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 3 What is Systems Development? A complex organisational process used to develop and maintain computer-based systems that either perform basic business functions or forms a viable product Main aim is to apply computer hardware and software technology to key business tasks to improve employee and business productivity..or to the development of a product that performs a function required by a particular market (targeted by the business!)

    4. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 4 Application Software Application software is computer software designed to support specific organisational functions or processes. Examples: Inventory management Payroll Personnel database management A business could also develop application software for a consumer market. Examples: Embedded software for telecommunication equipment (switching and routeing cards) Microsoft Word / Excel / PowerPoint / Access (Office!?) Computer-Aided Software Engineering (CASE) Tools (e.g Rational ClearCase, Rose)

    5. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 5 Software Engineering (SE) Developing software is no longer the hit and miss process of the early 1960s. Software engineering is now a formally accepted discipline with many standard practices for developing software and managing software projects IEEE Definition: The application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software; that is, the application of engineering to software

    6. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 6 Software Engineering It is concerned with theories, methods and tools for cost-effective professional software development Economies and businesses of all developed countries are now dependent upon software Software engineering practices must foster quality software products

    7. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 7 SE & Systems Analysis and Design SE processes that aid systems analysis and design: Methodologies A sequence of step-by-step approaches an organisation can use to analyse, design, implement and support its information system Techniques Processes that the systems analyst follows to ensure thorough, complete and comprehensive analysis and design Software Tools Computer programs to aid in applying techniques (i.e. Computer-Aided Software Engineering or CASE tools)

    8. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 8 Strategies Refers to the computer system development strategy agreed within a particular organisation Traditionally two different types of structured approaches to systems development : Process-orientated Data-orientated (a.k.a Information Engineering) There are others such as object-orientated and soft system approaches but these will not be covered in this introductory module

    9. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 9 Data and Processes Every computer-based system consists of three key components : Data Data flows Processing logic Data raw facts that describe people, objects and events in an organisation Information data processed in a manner suitable for human interpretation

    10. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 10 Data and Processes Understanding the source and use of data is key to good system design Data modelling techniques are used to describe data and the relationships amongst data e.g. Entity Relationship Diagrams (ERDs), UML Class Diagrams Data flows Groups of data that move and through the system processes

    11. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 11 Data and Processes Data flows (Contd) Include description of sources and destination for each data flow Process modelling techniques are used to describe the flow of data through a system Data Flow Diagrams (DFDs) Event Diagrams Processing logic Describes steps that transform the data and events that trigger the steps i.e. the cause and effect of operations performed within a systems processes Logic modelling techniques are used to describe process logic e.g. Structured English (SE), Pseudo Code, Structure Charts etc

    13. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 13 Systems Development Methodology A methodology is a step-wise approach used by an organisation to analyse, design, implement and support its information system or software-based product It embodies a set of techniques (DFDs, Interviews, Questionnaires, ERDs, Entity Life Histories, Structure English etc) Methodologies can be developed in-house or purchased off the shelf in-house very expensive as dedicated staff are needed Off the shelf products like Rationals Unified Process more beneficial and cost effective since : they use well-proven processes; contain automated tools; up-to-date because the companies are interested in latest business and technology trends

    14. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 14 Advantages of A Methodology Ensures that a consistent reproducible approach is applied to all projects Reduces the risks associated with shortcuts and mistakes Produces complete and consistent documentation from one project to the next As development teams and staff change over time, the result of prior work can be easily retrieved, understood and modified as required

    15. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 15 Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) SDLC is a structured methodology used to develop, maintain and replace information systems Allows for structured analysis and design Each phase has a specific outcome and deliverable Each phase usually starts with a kick-off meeting Slightly different SDLC models used from organisation-to-organisation or from author-to-author Customised with anywhere from 3 to 20 identifiable phases!!!

    16. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 16 Traditional Waterfall Model Completion of a stage is marked by the submission of a set of defined deliverables All drafts and completed versions of documentation and code are stored and managed using a configuration management system Each stage can be completed and signed off Progress through the system is measurable and manageable System & User requirements are identified well before coding Iteration and parallelism is allowed BUT..reduces manageability

    18. 08/06/2012 Overall Systems Development Process I 18 Summary Describe computer-based systems development Distinguish between application software and systems software Describe the software engineering processes that assist in computer-based systems analysis and design Discuss the benefits of using a systems development methodology Describe the traditional systems development lifecycle (waterfall model)