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Who “governs” the following: PowerPoint Presentation
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Who “governs” the following:

Who “governs” the following:

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Who “governs” the following:

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  1. Cross-border Internet commerce Ocean floor magnesium nodes Sea of Tranquility Microsoft’s copyright Windows XP in China Mineral deposits in Antarctica Greenhouse gases emissions Geo-synchronous satellites International airline routes Dolphins killed in tuna nets Who “governs” the following:

  2. Tuna Fish

  3. International “Soft Law” Management Linkages No Policy Country B Country A Trade/Investment Linkages NGOs

  4. Regime • “...a set of implicit or explicit principles, rules, norms, and decision-making procedures around which actor expectations converge in a given area of international relations.” (Krasner, 1983)

  5. Regimes and Behavior • Persistent patterns of behavior • Set of governing arrangements for behavior • Institutions structuralize, legitimize, enforce, administrate behavior

  6. Characteristics of Regimes • Scope: range of business and economic activity • Purpose: objectives of the regime • Organizational form: institutional form, membership, secretariat, charter, etc. • Decision and allocation modes: treaty, membership voting, etc. • Strength: effectiveness, enforcement, monitoring, reporting, etc.

  7. Common Regimes

  8. Foundations for Regimes • Self interest • Culture • Power • Sovereignty • Interdependence • Knowledge • Crisis

  9. Global/Comprehensive Regimes • United Nations

  10. Functional Regimes: Military - Security • Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty • NATO • Geneva Convention • Warsaw Pact (defunct)

  11. Regional/Associative Regimes • European Union • NAFTA • ASEAN • OECD

  12. Law of the Sea Negotiations • Early: • Outside territorial waters, anything goes • Piracy • Pollution • Over-fishing • Access and shipping lines • Exploration and extraction of resources (oil, manganese, etc.)

  13. Law of the Sea Negotiations • Post-1967: • U.N. proclamation rendering international waters as “a heritage of mankind … transnational public good” • No Piracy • Limits on Pollution • Fishing Agreements • Rules on access and shipping lines • Equity in natural resources (oil, manganese, etc.)

  14. Functional Regimes: Environmental • Montreal Protocol for Greenhouse Gases • Law of the Sea Treaty • Moon Treaty • Antarctica Treaty • UN-based Consumer Protection Guidelines

  15. Functional Regimes: Economic • Air transport • Ocean shipping • Telecommunications • GATT / WTO • IMF • Gold standard (defunct)

  16. Future Regimes • Internet commerce? • Animal rights? • Human rights?

  17. Non-Governmental Organizations • Common NGOs: • International Olympic Committee • Greenpeace • United Auto Workers Union • World Council of Churches • Save the Dolphins Organization • National Rifle Association • Amnesty International