North Carolina’s Changing Landscape Wilkesboro, North Carolina 27 September 2007 Jerry Dorsett NC DENR, Office of Conservation & Community Affairs, 585 Waughtown Street, Winston-Salem, NC 27107 – ph. 336-771-4945
“If you know nothing of agriculture history, then you cannot understand American history.” Thomas Isern, Professor Emporia State University “Five acre home lots are too big to mow and too small to grow.” NACD speaker January 2005
Working Lands Coordinator • Asking the question: Working lands owners, what will keep the next generation on the land??? • Goal of Balance = economic (+) ecological (+) cultural
North Carolina 31 million acres of land 90% privately owned 1/3 of land is in agriculture Farms & Forests require minimum acreage to thrive & survive
So what is NC agriculture and forestry today? • 400 year tradition • Average farmer is 56 years old • 80 different commodities • Sampson and Duplin top 2 US agricultural counties • 20% of work force • Agriculture & Forest economic impact = $68 billion
% of Income Spent on Food 46% In 1935 10% In 2006
Change??? • Are we rural, or urban? • Are we experiencing change? • If so, how and why are we changing? • What are the challenges … … What are the solutions?
Ag country marketing! • No. 2: Warren County, Pennsylvania Warren County is the kind of place that seems custom-made for every season on the calendar. It's tucked underneath the New York-Pennsylvania state line. A river runs through it. • No. 4: Gillespie, Texas In many ways, Gillespie County is the kind of place you think of when you picture Texas: lots of wide-open spaces, cattle ranches, old men in cowboy hats. Even the major highways have cattle crossings. • No. 10: Polk County, North Carolina Hip, trendy Asheville is just 30 minutes to the north ... And yet it has somehow gone unnoticed. Consider this: Polk County does not have a Wal-Mart.
THEY like calling North Carolina home! Raleigh-based builder started selling lots this week for a Shallotte development that could one day double the Brunswick County town's population. San Rio Ocean & Beach Club is slated eventually to have 1,200 houses and as many condominiums and town homes. The Shallotte Board of Aldermen is scheduled to vote to annex the 700-acre site just north of town limits at its March meeting. “First lots sold for massive project - Shallotte to get 2,400 homes” - Wilmington Star Newspaper - 24 Feb. 2007 Shallotte's population was less than 1,800 in 2005. - - - - - - a number that will soon be left in the dust. San Rio is the largest of numerous developments in different stages in Shallotte, including Sea Wynd, which is slated to have 1,600 homes; River's Edge, which will have 600 units; Briarwood, with 400; and Woodsong, with nearly 150. The growth is spurred in part by Shallotte's water and sewer capacity, said Town Planner Chris Rogers, recently hired to help with annexation and rezoning issues. Its proximity to Myrtle Beach, Wilmington and the South Brunswick beach islands is also a draw, he said. And Shallotte is, of course, riding the ongoing surge of development in Brunswick County, he said. Since 1999, more than 70,000 units have been approved for development in Brunswick County, according to the county's planning office. Despite national and local concerns about slowing real estate markets, - - - - - Wakefield is one of the Triangle's largest residential developers, with more than 14,000 home sites in North Carolina. San Rio is its first coastal development. Hurst said lots will start in the $100,000s. Hurst did not have a time line for how long it would take to build all 2,400 homes. Wakefield also broke ground last week on a 60-acre project in Calabash that has 480 townhouses and villas planned, he said.
Net Effect of Development on Tax Receipts • For each $1.00 of taxes collected: • Residential Development: $1.20-1.50 in NC • Commercial Development: $0.38-0.76 in NC • Farm and Forest land in NC: $0.30-.050 • Nationally $0.18-0.89, National average $0.38 • This is a good deal for everyone, except farmers • Source:http://www.farmlandinfo.org/documents/27757/FS_COCS_11-02.pdf See “Cost of Community Service” studies; Chatham, Alamance, Orange and Wake counties in NC.
NC’s Changing Landscape Trueor False? North Carolina’s population will increase 50% by 2030. True.Population will increase from 8 to 12 million in the next 25 years.
NC’s Changing Landscape Trueor False? 1 acre of farm and forest land is developed for every person coming to NC. False – 2 acres per person
NC’s Changing Landscape The state has lost over HALF of its farms in the last 15 years. 1950 to 2000 NC lost half of it’s farmland.
Working Lands Tool Box In all 100 counties today: • Present Use Value Taxation • Cost Share Programs (profitability) • Right To Farm Legislation • Technical Assistance . In your county? • Voluntary Agriculture District (54) & Enhanced VAD (4) • County Farm Protection Program • Cost of Community Services Study (4) • Agritourism (100%) • Holding & monitoring easements (30% to 50%) • Goal sufficient Farm & Forestry saturation.
Agriculture – as defined by NC law! • "§ 106-581.1. Agriculture defined. • For purposes of this Article, the terms "agriculture" and "agricultural" "agriculture", "agricultural", and "farming" shall refer to the all of the following: (1) The cultivation of soil for production and harvesting of crops, including but not limited to fruits, vegetables, sod, flowers and ornamental plants, the plants. (2) The planting and production of trees and timber. (3) Dairying and the raising, management, care, and training of livestock, including horses, bees, poultry, deer, elk, and other animals for individual and public use, consumption, and marketing. Further, for purposes of this Article, aquaculture is considered a form of agriculture pursuant to (4) Aquaculture as defined in G.S. 106-758. (5) The operation, management, conservation, improvement, and maintenance of a farm and the structures and buildings on the farm, including building and structure repair, replacement, expansion, and construction incident to the farming operation. (6) When performed on the farm, "agriculture", "agricultural", and "farming" also include the marketing and selling of agricultural products, agritourism, the storage and use of materials for agricultural purposes, packing, treating, processing, sorting, storage, and other activities performed to add value to crops, livestock, and agricultural items produced on the farm, and similar activities incident to the operation of a farm."
Voluntary Agriculture Districts VAD’s … … a 1’st step toward preserving working lands in NC.
Alexander Soil & Water Conservation District Dedicated to conserving our natural resources Alexander Soil & Water Conservation District 374 1st Avenue SW, Taylorsville, NC 28681 Fax: 828-632-7533 Phone: 828-632-0638 Or Natural Resources Conservation Service (828) 623-2708 Alexander Soil and Water Conservation District Board of Supervisors meet at 10 a.m. on the fourth Thursday of every month in the District Office of the County Administrative Building. Alexander County is a rural county nestled in the foothills of the Brushy & the Blue Ridge Mountains in western North Carolina. The county seat is Taylorsville, established in 1847. Approximately 2/3 of the county is farmland. Major commodities include poultry, dairy, tobacco, apples, forestry products, grain crops and beef cattle with income at approximately $6.5 million yearly. •Staff•Links •Quality Policy•Services •Ag. Cost Share Program•Order FREE Soil Survey •Education Programs We are here to help you with your conservation needs and questions. Click on the sign below to view the Alexander County Voluntary Farmland Preservation Program Ordinance
More Information: • Land Preservation Notebook (Includes current county ordinances) http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/wg/lpn/ * Theodore A. Feitshans, JD provided some of these slides. • American Farmland Trust http://www.farmland.org/merch/publist.htm
Thank You! Thank You! T H E E N D ! Updated 2007 NC DENR Office of Conservation & Comm. Affairs Jerry Dorsett, Working Lands Coordinator, Office of Conservation & Community Affairs, 585 Waughtown Street, Winston-Salem, NC 27107 Email: email@example.com Phone (336) 771-4945 Thank You! Thank You!
Jerry Dorsett Working Lands Coordinator Office of Conservation & Community Affairs NC Department of Environment & Natural Resources 585 Waughtown Street Winston-Salem, NC 27107 Phone: (336) 771-4945 email: firstname.lastname@example.org 27 Sept. 2007 – Wilkes County