Rail Connection Nijmegen-Kleve The track, then and now Once upon a time there was …….. Cöln-Crefelder Eisenbahn Gesellschaft (CCE)
Shunt Köln - Kleve • 15.November 1855 Köln – Neuss • 26.Januari 1856 extended until Krefeld • 23. Augustus 1866 shifted via Krefeld-Oppum • 11.November 1859 taking over by the Rheinische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (REG) • 1.Maart 1863 extended until Kleve
Nijmeegsch Spoorwegcomité • 1860 start of the lobby by citizens of Nijmegen • 1863 creation Nijmeegsche Spoorwegmaatschappij (NSM) • 1865 opening railroad Nijmegen – Kleve • 8 augustus 1865 Nijmegen connected on the German network of railways • 1879 Nijmegen connected on the Dutch network of railways • 1884 monument in honour of the realization of the 1e railway connection with Kleve
Continuation time bar • 1879 transfer station in Nijmegen • 1886 exploitation by Prussian Railway Companies • 1.Juli 1886 Haarlem-IJmuidense Railway Company (HIJSM) • 1909 Station Cleve Tiergarten opened because of the visit of Kaiser Wilhelm II • 1911 railway road is double track • 1911 – 1960 tram between Kleve and Beek • 1918 – 1925 train station ‘t Heilig Land • 1934 station closing Groesbeek (then 57 years without possibility for passenger traffic in Groesbeek) • 1945 destroyed railway bridge at Rhenen is not restored • 1961 closing down the second track
Decay • 1978 closure all stations except Nijmegen,Kranenburg and Kleve • 1988 last D-train on this route • 2.Juni 1991 closure of the route for passenger transport • 1999 overallclosure
Latest developments • Early 2000s lobby for HSL-station(High Speed Line) Arnhem • Present and interested in shunt to Nijmegen-Kleve were: Schiphol, NS, Pro-Rail Provinces N-Holland, Utrecht en Gelderland Cities Amsterdam, Utrecht, Arnhem, Nijmegen en Kleve Kreis Kleve, Bundesland Nordrhein-Westfalen Chambers of Commerce StadsregioArnhem-Nijmegen (in that time KAN) Weeze, DB etc.
Continuation developments • Political questions SP Party Province Gld • Activities Association for Innovative (rail) Transport(VIEV) • Lobby Airport Weeze • 2.Februari 2005 motion Nijmegen „Glad I ride with the train to Cleves“ (at that time no support in Germany) • 2007 decision until further research by Stadsregio (city region). • April 2008 Start Draisinen, tourist attraction with ‘fietslorry's’ (success!) and….. • ….Council decision Municipality Groesbeek against reactivation of the railway.
Developments public transport • Competition railway-companies • European re-discovering other public transport possibilities (quicktrams, lightrails, tramtrains, bustrains, freighttrams etc.) • Introduction sustainable public transport
Public opinion in Groesbeek? • Stüppkesmarkt (flea market) Kranenburg • On this market one could vote for or against rail activation. There were many people from Groesbeek of which there were many joining the voting,80% of which for the re-activation. • Approach by citizens • There are more and more citizens who approach us with the question why the Council of Groesbeek is now actually against rail activation! • Railway information night • GroenLinks organised that night at 19-04-2010 and we had a lot of visitors (including our Nijmeegse and German neighbours) and most of them were positif interested.
State of affairs in the Council • Parties VVD, VOLG, GroenLinks and SP vote for re-activation (8 votes) • PvdA have their doubts (3 votes) • CDA, GVP vote against re-activation (7 votes) • The mayor is absolutely against re-activation but is leaving at the 1.of april this year. • The Council is now writing a Vision 2025 for Groesbeek and go for the development of the tourism. In that context they see more and more the importance of a good railway-network, also in relation with sustainibility.
Summary • Enthusiastic started, bled to death, not only the railroad but also the tourism (using more and more cars) • New situation, new conditions • We need economic impulses (tourism, health, sports, conferences etc.) • Need sustainable developments (using less cars)
In 2004 at a symposium in Groesbeek Drs.Arnold Boer (EuroparcFederationTreasurer) said: „Thereisnothingwhat I heardorhaveseentoday, or I know an area in Europe wheretheyhaveit in the same wayorevenbetter, but thereisnoareawheretheyhaveit all together: Youhavegold in yourhands!!“ • Syntropheropensthewayfor a tram-train connectionwhichcanquickly bring tourists, shoppingpeople, studentsetc in thecountryand in thecentres.
Future? • My motto is: • You only have a future when you build one!