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Teacher Page>>. O VER T HE C OUNTER D RUGS. Now let’s open your mind. and your notebook. Let’s get started!!!!!. TEACHER PAGE OBJECTIVE: 1.To familiarize the students with facts pertaining to over-the-counter drugs (OTC)

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  2. Now let’s open your mind and your notebook. Let’s get started!!!!!

  3. TEACHER PAGE OBJECTIVE: 1.To familiarize the students with facts pertaining to over-the-counter drugs (OTC) 2. To understand the difference between OTC and prescription drugs 3. To understand the dangers of OTC drugs ACTIVITY: 1. The students will use their journals. 2. Students will list OTC drugs they have in their homes and possible dangers. PROCESS: 1. The teacher will click through eleven slides. 2. Each slide is self explanatory and answers are provided. 3. The teacher should preview the lesson prior to presenting it to the class.

  4. Prescription & OTC Drugs • Prescription drugs are available only by recommendation of an authorized health professional, such as a physician. • Nonprescription (over-the-counter, or OTC) drugs are available on request and do not require approval by a health professional.

  5. Prescription & OTC Drugs (continued) • Prescription and OTC drugs have been viewed differently by the public since the classifications were established by the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951. • In general, the public views OTC drugs as less effective, safe, and rarely abused and prescription drugs as more potent and frequently dangerous. • However, these distinctions are not always accurate.

  6. OTC Drugs Interesting Facts • Each year, people in the U.S. spend over $14 billion on OTC drugs • More than 300,000 different OTC products are available on the market • OTC expenditures comprise 60% of the annual drug purchases in the U.S. • An estimated 3 out of 4 people routinely self-medicate with these drug products

  7. What are OTC Drugs? • OTC Drugs are medicines you can buy without a prescription. How do prescription drugs differ from OTC drugs ? • They are usually much stronger.

  8. List the OTC drugs that you have in your home? Pain Killers - Aspirin 1.____________________________ 2._________________________ Cough Syrup - Robitussin Laxative - Ex-lax 3.__________________________ 4.__________________________ Antacid - Maalox

  9. What are the two most popular OTC drugs found in homes today? 1. __________________ 2.__________________

  10. What are the two most popular OTC drugs found in homes today? 1. Aspirin 2. Cough syrup

  11. Types of OTC Drugs (continued) • Cold, allergy and cough remedies • Decongestants • Antitussives • Expectorants • Vitamin C • Sleep aids • Antihistamines • Melatonin • Stimulants • Stay-awake or energy-promoting

  12. Types of OTC Drugs (continued) • Gastrointestinal medication • Antacids and anti-heartburn medication • Diet aids • Skin products • Acne medications • Sun products • Skin first-aid products • OTC herbal products

  13. Can OTC drugs be dangerous? • YES! • YES! YES ! • YES ! YES ! YES! YES !

  14. HOW? 1. People do not read the label. 2. People fail to follow the directions. 3. OTC drugs don’t have child-proof caps. 4. People put off seeing their doctors. 5. People mix medicines.

  15. Where can you buy OTC drugs? 1._____________________________ 2.__________________________ 3._____________________________ 4._____________________________

  16. You can buy OTC drugs at- 1.Pharmacies 2.Grocery stores 3.Department stores 4.Convenience stores 5. Gas Stations

  17. List five ways you can make OTC Drugs safer? 1._________________________________ 2._________________________________ 3._________________________________ 4._________________________________ 5._________________________________

  18. Five ways you can make OTC Drugs safer? Always read and follow label directions. 1. Keep them out of the reach of children. 2. 3. Safely dispose of expired containers. 4. Consult your pharmacist if you’re not sure. 5. See your doctor if problem persists.


  20. REMEMBER Over The Counter Drugs Are Drugs!!!

  21. Abuse of OTC Drugs • OTC products generally have a greater margin of safety than their prescription counterparts, but issues of abuse need to be considered • Physical dependence • Psychological dependence

  22. Abuse of OTC Drugs (continued) • Nonprescription products that can be quite habit-forming: decongestants, laxatives, antihistamines, sleep aids, and antacids • OTC drugs are more likely to be abused by members of the general public who inadvertently become dependent due to excessive self-medication, than by hard-core drug addicts

  23. “Switching” Policy of the FDA • The FDA is attempting to make more drugs available to the general public by switching some frequently used and safe prescription medications to OTC status. • There have been approximately 70 active ingredients switched, leading to more than 700 new OTC drug products.

  24. Prescription Drugs • There are currently more than 10,000 prescription products sold in the United States, representing: • Approximately 1500 different drugs • With 20 to 50 new medications approved each year by the FDA

  25. Prescription Drug Abuse (continued) • Illicit use of prescription drugs may be prompted by several reasons • To relieve withdrawal caused by drug habits • To treat infections caused by drug abuse • To provide a source of fresh, clean needles for injecting drugs of abuse • To prolong high caused by drugs of abuse

  26. OTC Drugs and Self-Care • Many of the major health problems in the United States can be treated with OTC medications. • If done correctly, self-care with OTC medications can provide significant relief from minor, self-limiting health problems at minimal cost.

  27. OTC Labels • Required label information includes: • Approved uses of the product • Detailed instructions on safe and effective use • Cautions or warnings to those at greatest risk when taking the medication

  28. Indications Directions: Warnings: Precautions: Expiration date: OTC Antacids Ingredients: 12 fl. oz. GOTCHA, INC. Label Information Controlled by the FDA When to use How to use What to watch for Possible drug interactions When drug should no longer be used Product name Identity Active ingredients Quantity Manufacturer

  29. Rules for Proper OTC Drug Use • Always know what you are taking. • Know the effects. • Read and heed the warnings and cautions. • Don’t use anything for more than 1 to 2 weeks. • Be particularly cautious if also taking prescription drugs or herbal products. • If you have questions, ask a pharmacist. • If you don’t need it, don’t use it!

  30. Prescription Drugs (continued) • According to the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951, drugs are controlled with prescription if they are • Habit-forming • Not safe for self-medication • Intended to treat ailments that require the supervision of a health professional • New and without an established safe track record

  31. Prescription Drug Abuse • Over 11 million Americans use prescription drugs for nonmedical purposes each year • Three classes most likely to be abused • Narcotic analgesics • CNS depressants • Stimulants

  32. Homework Outline I. What are O.T.C. drugs? How do they differ from prescription drugs? II. List examples of O.T.C. drugs you have in your home. III. What are the two most popular O.T.C. drugs? IV. Can O.T.C. drugs be dangerous? V. List five ways they can be dangerous. VI. Where are O.T.C. drugs purchased? VII. List five ways O.T. C. drugs can be made safer.

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