Marcus Antonius 83-30 BCE By Jesse Redd
Marcus Antonius He started his cursus honorum as quaestor in 113 BC and in 102 BC he was elected praetor with proconsular powers for the province of Cilicia. During his term, Antonius fought the pirates with such success that the Senate voted a naval triumph in his honor. He was then elected consul in 99 BC………..
Child Hood Through his mother Julia Antonia, he was a distant cousin of Caesar. His father died at a young age, leaving him, and his brothers, Lucius and Gaius, to the care of his mother. Julia Antonia, who then married Publius Cornelius Lentulus Sura, a politician involved in and executed during the Catiline conspiracy of 63 BC.
Time line 82-81 BCE: Marcus Antonius was born the son of a military commander and the grandson of a noted Roman orator. His mother was related to the family of the Gaius Julius Caesare. 57-54 BCE: Antonius was a cavalry commander for Roman military operations in Egypt and Judea. 54-50 BCE: Antonius joined the military staff of Julius Caesar for the Roman conquest of central and northern Gaul.
51 BCE: Antonius became a quaestor in Roman government. This office was concerned with financial matters. This gave Antonius membership in the Roman Senate. 49 BCE: Antonius becomes a tribune of the people, an office with considerable political power, include veto power over legislation passed by the Senate. Civil war breaks out between Caesar and his co-triumvir Pompey. Antonius flees Rome as a result of serious threats. • 49-47 BCE: Caesar make Antonius Master of Horse, military commander of the Roman military in Italy.
46 BCE: Caesar takes away Antonius' command in Italy because of dissatisfaction with his rule. 44 BCE: Antonius is elected one of the two consuls of Roman. This was the highest legal administrative office in the Roman government. The actual power was in the hands of Julius Caesar.
44 BCE: On March 15th Julius Caesar is assassinated in the Roman Senate by a cabal of Roman Senators. Caesar's wife, Calpurnia, turns over Caesar's will, papers and funds to Antonius. Caesar's will announces his adoption of his sister's grandson, Octavian, and makes him heir to about three quarters of his fortune. The will also called for a stipend to each citizen of Rome.
Caesar's will called for games for the entertainment of the public. Such things require funds, but Marcus Antonius controls Caesar's funds and refuses to grant Octavian access to those funds. Octavian borrowed funds to comply with Caesar's will and his efforts garnered public support for Octavian. His efforts to fulfill Caesar's will gains him considerable support among the troops of Caesar 43 BCE: The Roman Senator and noted orator, Cicero, denounces Antonius in 14 public speeches in the Senate. These were known as the Philippics. Cicero repeatedly announces pubically that Marcus Antonius should have been assassinated along with Julius Caesar.
38 BCE: A lieutenant of Marcus Antonius wins a decisive battle against the Parthians. 35-33 BCE: Octavian with Agrippa fights campaigns in the Balkan peninsula. The formal powers of the Triumvirate end in 33 BCE. 30 BCE: Octavian invades Egypt; Anthonius is told falsely that Cleopatra has died. Antonius commits suicide and Cleopatra follows suit in a tragic sequence of events
Web sites • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Antony • http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Marcus_Antonius • http://www.britannica.com/topic/28832/Mark-Antony • http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/marcus+antonius