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PC Maintenance

PC Maintenance

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PC Maintenance

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  1. PC Maintenance Explain the Steps of PC Maintenance HOME

  2. Dasar Kejuruan Level I ( Kelas X ) Level III ( Kelas XII ) Level II ( Kelas XI ) 2 3 1 Merakit Personal Komputer Menerapkan teknik elektronika analog dan digital dasar Melakukan instalasi perangkat jaringan lokal (Local Area Network) Melakukan instalasi perangkat jaringan berbasis luas (Wide Area Network) Melakukan instalasi sistem operasi dasar Mendiagnosis permasalahan perangkat yang tersambung jaringan berbasis luas (Wide Area Network) Mendiagnosis permasalahan pengoperasian PC yang tersambung jaringangnosis Menerapkan fungsi peripheral dan instalasi PC Menerapkan K 3 LH Membuat desain sistem keamanan jaringan Mendiagnosis permasalahan pengoperasian PC dan periferal Melakukan perbaikan dan/atau setting ulang koneksi jaringan an Melakukan perbaikan dan/atau setting ulang sistem PC Melakukan instalasi sistem operasi jaringan berbasis GUI (Graphical User Interface) dan Text Melakukan perbaikan dan/atau setting ulang koneksi jaringan berbasis luas (Wide Area Network) Melakukan perbaikan periferal Mengadministrasi server dalam jaringan Melakukan perawatan PC Merancang bangun dan menganalisa Wide Area Network Melakukan instalasi sistem operasi berbasis graphical user interface (GUI) dan command line interface (CLI) Merancang web data base untuk content server Melakukan instalasi software Lulus COMPETENCE MAPING Klik Disini Melakukan perawatan PC HOME

  3. Learning Objectives After learning of this study is able to prepare participants Training materials and equipment used to perform treatment in accordance with the component. HOME Module 6 PC Maintenance

  4. Computer peripherals is a supporting equipment from a PC. A PC consists of several components, where each component has a function that will be inter-related. Although the PC component is located in a computer case, but still a lot of dirt that can interfere with the functionality of components from both dust and insects nest. To clean the dirt can be used simple equipment and materials as : Module 6 PC Maintenance

  5. Mini Vacuum Cleaner At the end of a vacuum cleaner equipped with a mini brush with a variety of sizes are intended to adjust the limited wide-angle on the corner of the component. This is a very appropriate tool to use to clean the chain on the mainboard and in the corner of the computer casing. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  6. Dry Cloth or Tissue Liquid sewage is dangerous, because this type of dirt can bring cash so that the contact can lead to short or fatal damage to the PC component. While the cleaning fluid used to clean the stains or dirt that has been kiln such as sprinkling of printer ink. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  7. Brush Brush used to clean the dust cover on the casing ventilation. Brush can also be used to clean the motherboard and the heatsinks on the processor. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  8. Disk Cleaner Disk cleaner is used to clean the head of diskdrive of the influence of dust or dirt attached on the head Floopy drive. Disk cleaner consists of cleaning fluid and floopydisk the which the plate is replaced with tissue paper. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  9. CD Cleaner The principle of working with the CD Cleaner is wipe the dusty or dirty with the cleaning fluid by utilizing lap. In addition, in the CD Cleaner,there is a small brush or a fin is installed on the disk. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  10. Screwdriver Screwdriver is important tools for computer engineers, because with this tool the technicians are able to open and release the components in a PC. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  11. Pliers Types of pliers in the PC component treatment are shark pliers and combination Pliers.Shark pliers used to hold the head of skrup or small jumpers. While for the combination pliers used to cut the cables and other purposes. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  12. Evaluation 1 • Describe the functions of Disk Cleaner! • Describe the function of the CD Cleaner! • What is the difference between Disk Cleaner Cleaner with CD? Task 1 • Learn the materials, solvents, according to the peripherals. • Learn more about the relationship between the trouble-shooting on the PC with the PC component cleanliness. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  13. PC Maintenance Do the PC Maintenance HOME

  14. Learning Objectives After learning of this study training participants are able to know the procedure to do cleaning of the PC components. HOME Module 6 PC Maintenance

  15. To clean the components of the PC must be through a certain way, or procedures. Between one component with another component has a different sequence so that the rule or method in the cleaning is different. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  16. Casing The problems that often occur in the computer case is the dust brought by the computer fan casing itself or nidus. The tool used to clean computer case is so simple with a brush or with a mini vacuum cleaner. For the corners, especially the front needs more attention the wiring is easy to be separated because of the beat especially in the cable to key switch. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  17. Floppy Drive How to clean the dirty disk drive, with enough disk cleaner, which is as follows: - Operate the computer system. - Insert the disk cleaner which has been given cleaning fluid to drive A. - Select drive A: \ so that the computer will read the drive A. Because the floppy disk is replaced with tissue paper that has been given cleaning fluid,so the head will left by the tissue so that it will clean the dirt from head to dust or other dirt. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  18. CD-Rom dan CD-RW Steps used to clean the optic or lens from dirt, is using a CD cleaner. The cleaning steps are as follows: - Operate the computer system - Insert the CD cleaner, CD cleaner will revolve and brush or fin attached to the disk will wipe optic or lens on the CD-Rom or CD-RW. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  19. Hard disk Treatment for the hard disk from the hardware side, should be added a fan to reduce heat on the hard disk. Fan is very recommended for hard disks with speeds up to 7200 rpm. In addition, note the data cable setting that air circulation can be run smoothly. For treatment of the software, enough with the tools that are available when installing the operating system. Tools include scandisk, and disk Defragmenter. In addition to the tool, there are tools used to perform low-level format. Low level format is used to configure the hard disk on the back cover the head, cylender, and sector. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  20. Scandisk is a tool that is used to check file system structure, the table location of the file (the file allocation table), and to know if there is any the bad sector. Disk Defragmenter is a tool that is used to set the structure or layout file so that it will reduce fragmentation a hard disk space. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  21. VGA Card To clean the fan and heatsinks is enough with a small brush because the VGA card fan is also small. In addition, VGA cards often have a problem with the noisy fan. This problem comes on the fan that is not fast or if it is revolved unstable. In addition, it can also be caused by the fan holder is not strong so it can not sustain a fan well. To overcome this can be done by clean,and secure fan position to the appropriate position. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  22. Memory Interference in the RAM is located on the conector or legs, if RAM is often left out and removed by hand can cause corrosion and even RAM may be corrupted due to static electricity. To clean the RAM from corrosion due to touch of hands can be done using liquid solvents, or simply with scrub the eraser rubber on the RAM feet. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  23. Power Supply Maintenance needs to be done to treat power supply,so that the power supply fan can work properly. Because this is the fan that is capable of reducing heat in the power supply. In addition should be added a tool that is often called the voltage stabilizer, because this tool will make the work of the power supply easier,so that will reduce the heat that is produced by power supply. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  24. CPU (Central Processing Unit) For treatment on the processor is to pay attention to fan location so that the air fan can rotate smoothly. Then we need to choose a fan processor with a high rotate (at least 5400 rpm) and also need to choose heatsinks with a good heat conductor materials, such as copper and aluminum. If you frequently remove the processor do not forget to silicon grease in order to spread heat more smoothly. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  25. Motherboard Treatment which is done on the motherboard is to maintain temperature of the motherboard, with smooth air circulation in the system. Because the motherboard is the place where is various component connected, so the cables need to be stick together with the cable-tied , in addition to make it neatalso make the air circulation to be returned. To interference from dust and insects nest is cleaned with a brush or vacuum cleaner with a mini adjust brush size on the corner of a narrow, not to interfere with the installed components, such as RAM and processor. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  26. Expansion Card To care expansion card, need to pay attention to its feet from the influence of corrosion due to touch hands or causes the other. The treatment is enough with corrosion cleaning fluid or polish with a rubber eraser. In addition, make sure that the expansion card should also be inserted with a strong and perfect. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  27. Evaluation 2 • A step or procedure of the PC component of the following: Hard disk, CPU, Memory, Expansion Card, Power supply • Corrosion that occurs on the PC will work with the equipment. How do I care procedures that need to be done to prevent corrosion. Task 2 Read the Instruction Manual of each component of the PC have in the lab to your computer. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  28. PC Maintenance Checking the Results of PC Maintenance HOME

  29. Learning Objectives After learning of this study training participants are able to know the tool or program that is used to check the condition of the PC component. HOME Module 6 PC Maintenance

  30. To perform PC maintenance, first we should know the components information that were installed on the PC. This information can be made using the software utilities / tools available on the windows or the software supplied by its vendor. Some of the tools used to check the PC components: - Device Manager - Bios - Direct X - Disk Defragmenter - Scan Disk - Free RAM XP pro 1:40 Following conditions of each components that we need to know : Module 6 PC Maintenance

  31. Casing To know the condition of these components need to be checks directly into the computer case. Note the switch cable and led need to be styled or tied neatly. Cleanliness of the case need to be notice because the case is very easy to dust and dirty from the nest insects. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  32. Disk Drive To find out the disk drive condition can be done with trying to insert floppy disks. Results from the disk readings can be observed from how fast the disk to read and the sound produced when reading floppy disks. If reading the files faster and smoother sound produced, so the disk drive is still good. And if the sound produced is very loud and often failed in reading the file, diskdrive already broken so that the checks should be performed. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  33. CD ROM atau CD RW To find out the condition of the CD ROM or CD RW still good or not, can be done by inserting the CD. With notice to the speed of reading files and sound produced when reading the CD we will now whether CD ROM or CD RW still good or not. Noisy sound and sometimes have a voice "krak“ means the conditions of a CD-ROM or CD-RW already experiencing symptoms of damage of the mechanical part. While, if the CD crash when reading the CD can be caused by dirty optics or damaged. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  34. Hard disk The condition of your hard disk can be seen from two sides, namely software and hardware. However, for accuracy and better accuracy when used software. From the hardware can only be known if the condition of the hard disk already experiencing damage symptoms that is from sound of hard drive that started to be noisy when it is accessed. While from the software we could know the condition of the hardware more depth include the condition of empty hard disk space, file fragmentation, and if there is any bad sectors on your hard disk. To find out the condition of the hard disk can be used a tool that is available in windows operating system, that are the scandisk and disk Defragmenter. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  35. VGA Card Conditions that we need to pay attention in the VGA Card is the lap chipset fan on the VGA card remains smooth without Have a noisy sound. While for the software can direct use tool X, with this tool can be no trouble or not. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  36. Memory To ensure the RAM installed correctly make sure the sound of 1,2, and 3 beeps for AMI bios, 1-4-1, 14-2, or 2 to beep phoenix bios. Then after the system can run with the normal things to note is the use of memory by the system. With a tool such as free RAM XP pro can know the condition of empty space from the RAM, with this tool it can be done to RAM or cleaning of the unused RAM so you can work optimally. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  37. CPU (Central Processing Unit) For the temperature of the processor is Heat sinks and fan is used. For that condition must be ascertained heat sinks stick closely with the processor, while for the fan must be able to revolve smoothly and have a minimum of 5400 rpm putaran. One thing that is very important in the use of voltage or processor often called VCORE. VCORE must be within the scope of tolerance, because if the voltage is less or more will be problematic in the CPU, all the above conditions can be seen in the BIOS, especially on the hardware monitor or to the motherboard already provides a tool for monitoring Conditions of temperature and voltage processors. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  38. Power Supply To condition the power supply needs to output voltage is 12 volt and 5 volt it. To know the voltage can be used with a multi meter or see in the BIOS, especially on the hardware monitor. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  39. Motherboard Conditions that need to be in the motherboard is the temperature and Functionality of the system itself. For the temperature can be known from the hardware monitor or use the default tool motherboard. While for the functionality of the system can be seen with display results in the device manager. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  40. Expansion Card The general conditions that need to be on the expansion card is the position of expansion cards that have been installed perfectly on the PCA PCI or ISA slot correctly. If this component has been inserted with the correct components will be detected by the system, and then install the appropriate driver. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  41. B I O S Tool or Component Check Program BIOS is the firmware that is a tool that has been provided in the motherboard. Bios can be used to detect the hard disk is inserted and can also be used to identify the temperature of the CPU, and motherboard. In addition, also be used to detect the CPU fan speed lap and the FAN system motherboard. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  42. Device Manager Device manager is used to identify components that can be detected by the system or component does not have conditions on its driver trouble. Device manager can also be used to turn on and off for a particular component. From the device manager this is a driver update can be done. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  43. Disk Defragmenter Disk Defragmenter tool is a windows default, this tool is used to treat the hard disk from the file that fragmented. File fragmented that will reduce the hard disk space and will slow the system. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  44. DirecxtX DirectX is used to diagnose overall component associated with the multimedia, such as VGA card, Soundcard, and LAN card. In addition, DirectX is also equipped with a tool that is able to be used to diagnose the condition of a component in trouble or not. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  45. Scandisk Scandisk is used to perform maintenance on hard disk and the system, include: alocation file table, file structure, there are no bad sector in hard disk. Scandisk tool can be called from start -> programs -> accesoriess -> system tools -> scandisk. After that it will be provided the option to choose what drive will be scanned and that there are two types of scan options is provided that is the standard format and the format Trough. Standard format will only check the file and folder errors, while the through-men used to scan files and folders from the error plus the hard disk surface scan. Contoh hasil Scandisk Module 6 PC Maintenance

  46. Free RAM XP pro 1.40 Free RAM XP pro 1.40 is freeware, this tool is used to monitor the use of the resource from the RAM, CPU, virtual memory, overall use of memory in the system, and long A computer uptime. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  47. Evaluation 3 Describe the function of each of the following software: 1) Device Manager 2) Bios 3) Direct X 4) Disk Defragmenter 5) Scan Disk 6) Free RAM XP pro 1:40 Task 3 Operate some software available for the condition information component that is PC. Module 6 PC Maintenance

  48. PC Maintenance Perform Corrective Action HOME

  49. Learning Objectives After learning of this study participants were able to conduct Training corrective action and able to report the results of treatment in the form of a PC logsheet. HOME Module 6 PC Maintenance

  50. Corective Action • Corrective action is intended as a first step that can be taken to overcome the abnormal conditions. • Abnormal symptoms in the PC component can be from an error in the computer. • Corrective action that needs to be done is to identify the error message that appears. • We need to make records or reports for any damage or maintenance occurs on a PC components. Reports can be a log sheet or the like. Module 6 PC Maintenance