Pre-MATH More than 1 - 2 - 3 Georgia CTAE Resource Network Instructional Resources Office July 2009
Math concepts that adults understand may be very confusing to a young child, but pre-math activities are used in the LEARNING CENTERS, MUSIC, and GAMES.
MATH VOCABULARY Long & Short High & Low Big & Little First & Last Wide & Narrow Few & Many Once - Twice Highest & Lowest Bunch Pair
EARLY MATH PROGRAMS: • Should be HANDS ON • Filled with PLAY • Include EXPLORATION • ENVIRONMENT is an essential part of mathematics curriculum
SERIATION • SIZE Relationships • Putting things in size from • Largest to Smallest • Tallest to Shortest • Lightest to Heaviest
SERIATION (cont.) • ACTIVITY: • Take one piece of Shoe String Licorice and break into 4 pieces of different sizes. Put in order of Shortest to Longest • Have 4 students come to the front of the room. Group them according to body height and then hair length. • What else is an example of SERIATION?
PATTERNS & CHANGE • Putting items in a certain, organized way • Repeating specific group • Growing patterns Draw attention to patterns in the real world (wallpaper, plants, etc.) THIS IS ALGEBRA!
SEQUENCING • The order of how things happen • What will happen first, middle and last
SEQUENCING (cont.) • Activity: • Everyone stand up. Count off 1-2-3-4 • 1 = Stand at attention • 2 = Arms straight out to side • 3 = Clap hands above head • 4 = Hands on waist • Count and have every group do their movement - Do faster • Do all 4 actions together • What else can you put in a SEQUENCE?
CLASSIFICATION-SORTING & MATCHING • Putting things that are alike together • Graphing various qualities of an object
CLASSIFICATION- SORTING & MATCHING • Activity: • Graph types of shoes that the students are wearing (tie, slip-ons, sandals/flip-flops, other) • M & M Math - give each “pair” of students one small package of M & M’s. • “Split” that package between the pair • Color an M&M graph • Graph the correct square for the number of each color • What else can you SORT or MATCH?
MATH in BOOKS • Math concepts are taught in a variety of books • Math concepts include: counting, shapes, sizes, weight, one-to-one correspondence, etc. • Complete 2 Book Synopsis from books that have math concepts
MATH in SONGS & FINGER-PLAYS • What are some songs & finger-plays that deal with MATH concepts? • 5 Little Monkeys - 5 Little Ducks 5 Little Speckled Frogs
MATH in EVERY DAY LIFE • What are some examples of MATH concepts that are used in everyday life? • Math calculations • Addition - Subtraction - Multiplication -Division • Cooking - Time - Money - Square Footage - Fractions - Percents - etc.
ASSESSING MATH ABILITY Math skills can be assessed by OBSERVING the child and by watching the child SOLVE PROBLEMS.
MATH MANIPULATIVES • A MATHMANIPULATIVE is anything you can use as a counter • What can be used as a Math Manipulative? • Leaves - sea shells - toothpicks - rocks - buttons - macaroni - M & Ms - golf tees - peanuts - cotton balls - stickers … ANYTHING!
Using crayons or markers, trace the number and do the following: 1 = Red 2 = Blue 3 = Green 4 = Orange 5 = Yellow 6 = Purple 7 = Pink 8 = Brown 9 = Black 10 = Your Favorite Color MATH SUN - Make math FUN! 6 3 5 10 7 8 4 2 1 9 6
TOUCH DOT NUMBERS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Math & Technolgy http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/topic_t_2.html Explore this website for virtual manipulatives of Algebra. Pick three favorite games, tell why, and how they could be used with the preschoolers.