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The Road to Revolution: (1763-1776) PowerPoint Presentation
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The Road to Revolution: (1763-1776)

The Road to Revolution: (1763-1776)

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The Road to Revolution: (1763-1776)

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  1. The Road to Revolution: (1763-1776)

  2. Less Colonial Dependence on Britain Colonials have less respect for British military Colonial Leadership emerges Britain Faces Debt and Increased Costs of Empire Consequences of the GWFE

  3. Better Enforcement of Navigation Acts New Regulations New Taxes New British Colonial Policy

  4. Proclamation of1763 Pontiacs Rebellion Colonial Reaction New British Colonial Policy

  5. The Sugar Act (1764) The American Revenue Act of17641764 Revision of Molasses Act of 17331733 Cut Tax on Foreign Sugar and Molasses Why?? Sugar and Stamps

  6. Sugar and Stamps • The Stamp Act 1765 • Long a stamp tax in Britain • What did it tax • Colonial Newspapers • Legal Documents • Playing cards • Dice

  7. Announced March 1765 Effective Nov. 1765 The Stamp Act

  8. Immediate Protest “The Phrase” Stamp Act Congress NYC October1765 Read the Documents Colonial Response

  9. Was the American Revolution Inevitable??

  10. Review Events Since 1763 1763-17701763-1770 • End of the Seven Years War • Proclamation of1763 • Sugar Act(1764) • Stamp Act(1765) • Colonial Resistance • Repeal of Stamp Act(1766) • Declaratory Act

  11. Townshend Acts(1767) External Taxes New Board of Customs Commissioners in Boston NY Assembly suspended Colonial Resistance No Taxation without …… Boycott: Sons of Liberty Tensions with Customs Commissioners The Second Imperial Crisis

  12. The Boston Massacre (March 5,1770)

  13. Colonial Position: No internal taxes No external taxes What Authority Does Parliament Have?, - Townshend Acts Repealed Except for tea Why? Consequences of Townshend Acts

  14. The Gaspee Incident(1772) Providence, RI coast

  15. Committees of Correspondence • First in Boston, 1772 • Purpose was formulating resistance and informing other colonies • Spread to other colonies as relations worsened

  16. Tea Act (1773) • British East India Co • In financial trouble • Many members of Parliament held shares • Tea Act granted monopoly on distribution of tea in colonies (cheaper tea! • Lord North expected the colonials to eagerly choose the cheaper tea (WRONG!).

  17. Boston Tea Party (1773)

  18. Tar and Feathering

  19. The Coercive (Intolerable))Acts, 1774 • Boston Port Act • Massachusetts Government Act • 2nd Quartering Act Lord North: Colonies want independence! • Administration of Justice Act

  20. The Quebec Act (1774)

  21. First Continental Congress (1774) 55 delegates from 12 colonies • Urged all colonies to send aid to Mass • Adopted the “Suffolk Resolves” • “The Association” • Declaration of Rights and Grievances • Meet again in spring

  22. Denounced the Coercive Acts as intolerable and not to be obeyed . Renewed nonimportation agreements First Continental Congress

  23. The British Are Coming . . . Paul Revere & William Dawes make their midnight ride to warn the Minutemen of approaching British soldiers.

  24. The Shot Heard ’Round the World! Lexington & Concord – April 19,1775

  25. The Second Continental Congress(1775) Olive Branch Petition

  26. Was the American Revolution Inevitable??

  27. Tea Act of1773Boston Tea Party Boston Tea Party Coercive Acts Coercive Acts1st Continental Congress Coercive Acts Lexington and Concord Lexington and Concord2nd Continental Congress 2nd Continental Congress  …? Cause and Effect

  28. Thomas Paine: Common Sense

  29. Declaration of Independence (1776)

  30. Declaration of Independence

  31. Independence Hall

  32. New National Symbols