Chapter 27. Reproduction and Embryonic Development. Baby Bonanza The increased use of fertility drugs has caused an increase in the number of multiple births in the United States Infertility affects about one in seven couples in the United StatesBy rusty
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Female Reproductive Anatomy. Macroscopic Female Functional Anatomy. Recognize the various structures of the female reproductive system Relate function to each structure Distinguish differences among species. Objectives:. Female Reproductive Tract. Four common layers Mucosa
Female Reproductive Anatomy. Fallopian tube. Internal Genitals. Fallopian tube. Ovum. Internal Genitals. Ducts or duct structures that extend from ovaries to exterior. Essential Organs Ovaries (2) – female gonads; house ovum (eggs) Accessory Organs
Female Reproductive Anatomy. All female structures are analogous to male structures and must perform the similar functions. Produce gametes Deliver gametes Provide environment for organism to develop if fertilization occurs. Functions #1/#2: Produce and Deliver Eggs.
Female Reproductive Anatomy. Ovaries are the primary female reproductive organs Make female gametes (ova) Secrete female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone) Accessory ducts include uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina Internal genitalia – ovaries and the internal ducts
Female Reproductive Anatomy. Fallopian tube. Internal Genitals. Fallopian tube. Ovum. Internal Genitals. Ducts or duct structures that extend from ovaries to exterior. Essential Organs ______________________ (2) – female gonads; house ovum (eggs) Accessory Organs
Female Reproductive Anatomy. Ovaries. Primary female sex organ Produce hormones the Estrogens Progesterone Ovarian Follicles (in ovarian cortex): Contain oocytes (immature sex cells) approx. 1 million present at birth
Female Reproductive Anatomy. The uterus is a pear shaped organ situated between the urinary bladder and the rectum It serves as part of the pathway for sperm deposited in the vagina to reach the uterine tubes
Female Reproductive Anatomy. The reproductive organs found outside the body are called genitals. These organs are collectively called the vulva: Mons pubis Labia majora (outer lips) Labia minora (inner lips) Clitoris Vaginal opening Urinary opening. Parts of the vulva.
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ANATOMY. The vulva refers to those parts that are outwardly visible The vulva includes: Mons pubis Labia majora Labia minora Clitoris Urethral opening Vaginal opening Perineum. Individual differences in: Size Coloration Shape Of external gentalia are common.