Social Exchange Theory. An Economic Model of Relationships. Rewards, Costs & Profit. Thibult and Kelly (1959) put forward the idea that romantic relationships are founded upon economic assumptions of exchange Rewards and costs are subjective and perception of them can change over time.By lorene
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Equity Theory. How do you know if you are fairly paid/compensated at work? Perceived outcomes (what we get) from a job in relation to what we put into it In relation to a comparable “other” Formula : Your outcomes divided by your inputs = ?. If the ratio equals one, state of equity exists
Equity Theory. HRMOB 570. Basic Tenets. Comparisons between self and others People balance what they put into a job with what they get out of it Am I receiving outcomes (given my inputs) at a level similar to others? my outcomes = other’s outcomes
EQUITY THEORY. This process theory focuses on workers' perceptions of the fairness of their work outcomes and inputs. Specifically they strive to maintain ratios of their own rewards to contributions which are equal to others' ratios . EQUITY EQUATIONS. Equity
Equity Theory. (Adams, 1963; Landy, 1989; Beehr, 1996). Equity Theory. A version of discrepancy theory of job satisfaction focusing on the discrepancies between what one has on the job and what one thinks is fair - what one should have. Equity Theory. Social comparison takes place
Equity Theory Justice Theory. Key Motivational Issue: Have we been treated fairly ?. Equity Theory perspective. People are motivated to engage in behavior that either maintains equity between employees or rectifies inequity between employees.
Lots of Americans from all walks of life have at one time or another had issues with bad credit and too much debt. If you have large credit card balances and are not able to stay up to date with your payments (because of unemployment, new expenses such as medical costs, or just bad household budgeting), creditors will report missing or late payments to the credit bureaus and your credit score will suffer. This implies that it will be harder for you to gain access to credit and your interest rates might increase. It is a vicious cycle, and breaking totally free can be a difficulty.\nOne method to minimize your financial obligation might be to consider financial obligation consolidation. Here's the standard theory. The quantity of offered regular monthly financial obligation payment is figured out by three aspects: the amount of your financial obligation, the interest rate, and the period of time you need to settle the debt. Altering any one of the three elements will affect just how much you pay each month. The objective is to decrease your regular monthly payments so that you can settle your debts without sustaining new financial obligation.\nIf you have a poor credit ranking (if your FICO rating is 580 or listed below), then your creditors will not extend you new credit. You will not be able to decrease your principal due and you will not be approved a lower rates of interest. What options do you have?\nNegotiate with Your Lenders\nThe first thing you ought to do is call each of your financial institutions. Describe that you remain in financial distress. Ask to be put on a payment plan. For example, if your VISA card is maxed out and you are paying an APR of 25%, you can call the card issuer and ask to have actually the card suspended and to be put on a payment plan. This will suggest that you can't use the card (most likely a good idea) and if the card issuer concurs, your rate of interest will be considerably lowered and you will be provided the opportunity to settle the financial obligation over a longer time period. Your credit ranking will take a hit, however not as badly as if you had continued to miss out on payments or defaulted.\nDebt Consolidation Loans\nAnother method is to get a new loan in order to settle your financial obligations. The goal is to lower your monthly payments. To accomplish this, your new loan needs to have a lower rates of interest than your old loans. For instance, if you have six charge card financial obligations totaling $20,000 and you're paying a typical APR of 20%, you are paying a minimum of about $530 monthly. If you can combine this balance to a simple individual loan at 12% over ten years, you will pay $286 per month. You secure the loan and settle all the costly charge card debts. Then you just make one monthly payment to your lender.\nThe obstacle is to get a financial obligation combination loan that provides a lower rates of interest. This can be difficult if you have bad credit or no collateral. You require to shop around carefully and check out the fine print of your financial obligation combination loan.\nBeware of debt combination services. They don't have any more impact over your creditors than you do. And never ever pay a fee upfront. If the service requests for a cost beforehand or tells you to stop paying your debts and pay them rather, hesitate before signing on the dotted line.\nMore importantly, for a debt combination plan to work you require to change the spending routines that created the shortage in the first place. Statistics show that many individuals who take out debt combination loans, either in the form of house equity loans or personal loans, end up defaulting on the brand-new loan. Do not let this occur to you. Balance your household budget and make paying off your financial obligations your greatest top priority.
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Equity in Education: From Theory to Practice. OECD/Norway Conference June 4, 2007 Ben Levin OISE – University of Toronto. Starting Point. In theory there is no difference between theory and practice… But in practice there is. Anonymous. Outline. What we know Challenges What to do