Bio molecules. Biological Molecules “Molecules of Life”. Also called Organic molecules. Biological molecules are large molecules found in all living things. Biological Molecules. 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids 3. Proteins 4. Nucleic Acids. 4 Types of Biomolecules. CHNOPS.By christine-thulani
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Large Carbon Molecules. Monomer - a small molecule that is linked with large numbers of other small molecules to form a chain or a network (polymer). Polymer -a large molecule made by linking smaller molecules ("monomers") together.
Large Biological Molecules. Chapter 5. Fuel for Living Systems. Large molecules are important for the basic processes of life Grouped into 4 classes of organic compounds Carbohydrates* Lipids Proteins* Nucleic acids* Important to know how these are made, stored, and destroyed
Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules. Macromolecules. 4 main types: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids Large molecules typically made of smaller subunits Carbs, Nucleic acids, proteins = Polymers – built from monomers. Synthesizing and Decomposing Macromolecules:.
These molecules are all found in the human body. Water makes up a large portion of our body. Ammonia is found in urine as a waste product of breaking down proteins. Carbon dioxide is a waste product that we exhale. Biomolecules. Carbohydrates Proteins Lipids Nucleic acids.
Polymers Large molecules synthesized by bringing together many smaller molecules called monomers. There are two main kinds of polymers. Type 1: Addition Polymers Each small molecule adds to the end of a growing chain. Polyethylene is an example. Type 2: Condensation Polymers
Important MACROMOLECULES (“Large Molecules”) Used in Biological Systems:. Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids. What Are They ???. Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids are the 4 major classes of organic compounds in cells.
MACROMOLECULES ARE POLYMERS, BUILT FROM MONOMERS. What are polymers?What are monomers?. MACROMOLECULES. What is a polymer?Poly = many; meris = part. A polymer is a large molecule consisting of many smaller or identical sub-units linked by covalent bondsWhat is a monomer?A monomer is a sub-unit
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules. Chapter 5. Macromolecules. Macromolecules (or polymers) are long, chain-like molecules Consists of many similar or identical building blocks (monomers) linked by covalent bonds Includes carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules. Chapter 5. The Molecules of Life. Living things made up of 4 classes of large biological molecules (macromolecules) : 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids 3. Proteins 4. Nucleic acids Molecular structure and function are linked