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Invictus. By William Ernest Henley. Mood & Tone. Mood is the emotions the reader feels when reading a text. Tone is the writer’s attitude towards a piece of literature. Important Vocabulary. Unconquerable : incapable of being conquered
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Invictus By William Ernest Henley
Mood & Tone Mood is the emotions the reader feels when reading a text. Tone is the writer’s attitude towards a piece of literature.
Important Vocabulary • Unconquerable: incapable of being conquered • Circumstance: an event or fact that causes something to happen, typically something undesirable • Winced: give a slight involuntary grimace or shrinking movement of the body out of pain or distress.
Important Vocabulary • Bludgeoning: Beat someone repeatedly with a bludgeon or other heavy object • Loom: to rise before the vision with an appearance of great size • Menace: something that threatens to cause evil, harm, injury, etc.; a threat
Invictus “Invictus” is a poem by William Ernest Henley, inspired by events in his lifetime. Henley had tuberculosis, a common disease in the 1800s. To save his life, doctors decided that his leg must be amputated. When doctors said that his other leg must be amputated, Henley refused and found another doctor who said he would do everything he could to help him keep his remaining leg. This meant extensive surgery on his foot to help stop the tuberculosis.
Invictus While recovering from the extensive foot surgery, which was an extremely painful procedure that required much recovery time, the idea of “Invictus” came to Henley. This near death experience, along with an impoverished childhood, contributed to the meaning of the poem. Invictus means unconquerable in Latin.
Invictus Clint Eastwood Movie • The poem “Invictus” was also the inspiration for a film with the same title: Invictus, starring Matt Damon and Morgan Freeman. • This movie was about the South African national rugby team hosting the 1995 Rugby World Cup after the dismantling of apartheid in South Africa.
Directions • Paste the Mood List and Tone Words into your notebook. • Paste the “Invictus” poem into your notebook. • Read the poem and annotate, labeling the poetic devices, rhyme scheme, and paraphrasing each stanza. • Alsoidentify the mood and tone of the poem in two sentences. (I think the mood of this poem is _______ because…) Look back at your Mood and Tone word lists for help.