What is Therapy? AP PSYCHCH 13
Therapy • Refers to a wide variety of psychological and biomedical techniques aimed at dealing with mental disorders or coping with problems of living. • Focuses on improving a person’s mental, behavioral and/or social functioning.
Going to Therapy • People seek therapy for many reasons • Not just disorders in the DSM • Feel like they cannot resolve problem themselves • Terms used for people who go to therapy: • Patient – used in medical or biological approach • Client – used for professionals who see disorders as problems in living (as opposed to a mental illness
Access issues • Group least likely to have access to medical care is the poor. • In some communities, there is a lack of qualified mental health professionals. • Illness itself may prevent care • Agoraphobia • Paranoia
Goals of Therapy • Therapists are professionally trained • Building a relationship; trust • Working together to solve a problem • Client must believe in the therapy • Therapeutic process: • Identify the problem • Identify the causes of the problem or conditions that maintain the problem • Deciding on and carrying out treatment
Types of Mental Health Care Professionals • TABLE 13.1 on page 528
History of Therapy • Medieval Europe – disorders caused by demons • “therapists” preformed exorcisms • Insane asylums • “shielded from stressors of the world” • Beatings, cold showers, abuse • Straightjackets, cages • Bethlehem Hospital in London • Spectators could pay to observe • “Bedlam” = noisy chaotic place
Modern Therapy • Psychological therapies – (collectively called psychotherapy) based on psychological principles • Include: • Insight therapy – helping people understand their problems and change their thought, motives, feelings • Behavioral therapy – changing behavior • Biomedical therapies – focus on altering the brain by the use of drugs, psychosurgery, or electroconvulsive therapy