Download
continuing 4 2 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
New Orders Missions Church in America PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
New Orders Missions Church in America

New Orders Missions Church in America

99 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

New Orders Missions Church in America

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Continuing 4.2 New OrdersMissionsChurch in America

  2. New Religious Orders

  3. Society of Jesus (Jesuits) • Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) • Injured as soldier  Soldier for Christ • Military background  chain of command • Fourth Vow– absolute personal obedience to Pope • “The Spiritual Exercises” • Intellectuals, theologians, missionaries • Practical, this-world … not withdrawal, sacrifice • Task for “soldiers”: Combat Protestantism

  4. Vincentians/Charitys • Vincent de Paul (1581-1660) • Focus on the poor; preach to, teach commoners • Louise de Marillac Daughters of Charity • Bypass cloister rules by taking private annual vows

  5. Christian Brothers • John Baptist de La Salle (1652-1719) • Educate poor children  escape poverty, crime • Began classroom teaching (not private tutors) • Considered a founder of modern education

  6. Elizabeth Ann Seton • 1774-1821 • First American-born saint (canonized 1975) • Convert; began Baltimore school • Sisters of Charity (Emmitsburg) – first religious order begun in the U.S. • Credited with beginning the parochial school system

  7. Missionaries

  8. Exploration Begins • Events of 1492 • 1493 ~ Pope Alexander VI draws line, dividing the Atlantic • Spain gets West; Portugal gets East • 1522 ~ Magellan sails around the world, so a second line is needed • Catholics travel to spread the faith; Protestants for trade

  9. Methods • Religious Orders ~ Franciscans, Dominicans, and especially Jesuits • “Hard” vs. “Soft” • “Hard” ~ by force & destruction • “Soft” ~ missions; settlements & teach; accommodation/adaptation • In the Americas • French in the North; Spain in the South

  10. Challenges • Conquistadors & Colonizers • Enslave the “savages” • Educated Christians  human • Missions protected the natives • Danger of Syncretism • To what extent do you “adapt” the faith to local customs, religious practices, etc., before it no longer is Christianity?

  11. Catholicism in the Colonies and U.S.

  12. The American Colonies • Established for “religious freedom”? • Freedom of OUR, “perfect” religion! • 11 of the original 13 colonies had official state religion; only two safe for Catholics • Maryland ~ begun as safe haven for Catholics • 1649 Act of Toleration • Pennsylvania ~ Quaker acceptance • Constitution ~ God not mentioned • No influence in EITHER direction

  13. John Carroll • 1735-1815; elected bishop in 1789 (American Catholics feared foreign bishop) • Balanced democracy with Vatican loyalty • Began St. Mary’s Seminary (Baltimore), Georgetown College (DC), dioceses • 1790 – 30,000 American Catholics1815 – 200,000 American Catholics

  14. Anti-Catholic Sentiment • Nativism & Know-Nothing Party • “Public” Schools • Isolation  vicious cycle • Politics/Presidental Candidates • 1929 ~ Al Smith • 1960 ~ John F. Kennedy • John Kerry • Paul Ryan & Joe Biden