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Latin Grammar for Second Year Students

Latin Grammar for Second Year Students

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Latin Grammar for Second Year Students

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  1. Latin Grammarfor Second Year Students Contents Nouns pages 2-3 Adjectives pages 4-5 Comparison of Adj. pages 6-7 Pronouns pages 8-11 Verbals pages 12-13 Sequence of Tenses page 14 Regular Verbs pages 15-16 Subjunctive page 17 Verb Charts pages 18-21 Irregular Verbs pages 22-27 Questions/And page 28 Grammar Terms pages 29-31

  2. Nouns Cases and Uses of Nouns: *Declension:_________________________________________________ *How do you identify the declension of a noun? __________________ _________________________________________________________ *How do you find the root of a noun? ___________________________

  3. Chart of Noun Declension Endings Exceptions in the 1st declension: 3rd Declension I- stem rules: 1. 2. 3. 4. 2nd Declension Vocative Case: 3rd declension vis, vis

  4. Adjectives Adjectives describe nouns. Some nouns are masculine, others feminine, and the rest neuter. Because of this adjectives must have all three genders. Adjectives belong to either the … 2-1-2 declension or the 3rd declension What is “termination?” How do you find the root word of an adjective? Where are adjectives located in relation to the nouns they describe? Exceptions are: In what 3 ways do nouns and adjectives agree? 1. 2. 3. What are the 9 Special –ius genitive adjectives? What endings do they use? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

  5. Adjectives 2-1-2: 3rd Declension: Special –ius Genitive Adjective Endings:

  6. Comparison of Adjectives There are three degrees in the comparison of adjectives: the positive, the comparative, and the superlative. 6 “-lis > -llimus adjectives” “-er>-rrimus adjectives” *quam + comparative *quam + superlative

  7. Comparison of Adverbs There are three degrees in the comparison of adverbs: the positive, the comparative, and the superlative. *quam + Comparative *quam + Superlative

  8. Pronouns Personal: Reflexive: Possessive/Reflexive Possessive:

  9. Endings commonly used with pronouns found in the upcoming pages Intensive Pronoun: ipse, ipsa, ipsum

  10. Demonstrative Pronouns Weak Demonstrative: Idem, eadem, idem

  11. Demonstrative Pronouns ille, illa, illud iste, ista, istud hic, haec, hoc

  12. More Pronouns Relative: Interrogative: Relative Pronoun Notes:

  13. Question Words 4 ways to say “and” 1. 2. 3. 4.

  14. Verbals: Participles and the Gerundive

  15. Verbals: Infinitives

  16. SEQUENCE OF TENSES

  17. Verbs: *Conjugation:________________________________________________ *Conjugate: ________________________________________________ *How do you identify the conjugation of a verb? *What are principal parts? *How do you find the root word of a verb? *Subject – Verb Agreement: *Verbs have 5 characteristics: 1.person a. b. c. 2.number a. b. 3.tense a. b. c. d. e. f. 4.voice a. b. 5.mood a. b. c. *d. FUTURE TENSE POEM: In conjugations 1 and 2, in the future __________________, In conjugations 4 and 3, In the future, _______________.

  18. Verbs: *What is an infinitive? *What is the Imperative? *Poem for the irregular imperatives *What are the three sets of verb endings? *Indicative Tense Indicators *Subjunctive Tense Indicators

  19. The Subjunctive Mood: *What is the Subjunctive? *What are the Uses of the Subjunctive?

  20. VERB CHARTS (ACTIVE INDICATIVE)

  21. VERB CHARTS (PASSIVE INDICATIVE)

  22. VERB CHARTS (ACTIVE SUBJUNCTIVE)

  23. VERB CHARTS (PASSIVE SUBJUNCTIVE)

  24. Irregular Verbs: the Indicative Mood[These do not have a passive voice.] Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect Tenses follow the Rules. Sum and Predicate nouns/adj.: Possum and the Complementary Infinitive:

  25. Irregular Verbs: the Subjunctive Mood [These do not have a passive voice.]

  26. More Irregular Verbs: Indicative

  27. More Irregular Verbs: the Subjunctive Mood [These do not have a passive voice.]

  28. The Indicative Mood of fero, ferre, tuli, latus Active:Passive:

  29. The SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD of fero, ferre, tuli, latus Active:Passive:

  30. Grammar Terms: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

  31. Grammar Terms: 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.