Latin Grammarfor Second Year Students Contents Nouns pages 2-3 Adjectives pages 4-5 Comparison of Adj. pages 6-7 Pronouns pages 8-11 Verbals pages 12-13 Sequence of Tenses page 14 Regular Verbs pages 15-16 Subjunctive page 17 Verb Charts pages 18-21 Irregular Verbs pages 22-27 Questions/And page 28 Grammar Terms pages 29-31
Nouns Cases and Uses of Nouns: *Declension:_________________________________________________ *How do you identify the declension of a noun? __________________ _________________________________________________________ *How do you find the root of a noun? ___________________________
Chart of Noun Declension Endings Exceptions in the 1st declension: 3rd Declension I- stem rules: 1. 2. 3. 4. 2nd Declension Vocative Case: 3rd declension vis, vis
Adjectives Adjectives describe nouns. Some nouns are masculine, others feminine, and the rest neuter. Because of this adjectives must have all three genders. Adjectives belong to either the … 2-1-2 declension or the 3rd declension What is “termination?” How do you find the root word of an adjective? Where are adjectives located in relation to the nouns they describe? Exceptions are: In what 3 ways do nouns and adjectives agree? 1. 2. 3. What are the 9 Special –ius genitive adjectives? What endings do they use? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Adjectives 2-1-2: 3rd Declension: Special –ius Genitive Adjective Endings:
Comparison of Adjectives There are three degrees in the comparison of adjectives: the positive, the comparative, and the superlative. 6 “-lis > -llimus adjectives” “-er>-rrimus adjectives” *quam + comparative *quam + superlative
Comparison of Adverbs There are three degrees in the comparison of adverbs: the positive, the comparative, and the superlative. *quam + Comparative *quam + Superlative
Pronouns Personal: Reflexive: Possessive/Reflexive Possessive:
Endings commonly used with pronouns found in the upcoming pages Intensive Pronoun: ipse, ipsa, ipsum
Demonstrative Pronouns Weak Demonstrative: Idem, eadem, idem
Demonstrative Pronouns ille, illa, illud iste, ista, istud hic, haec, hoc
More Pronouns Relative: Interrogative: Relative Pronoun Notes:
Question Words 4 ways to say “and” 1. 2. 3. 4.
Verbs: *Conjugation:________________________________________________ *Conjugate: ________________________________________________ *How do you identify the conjugation of a verb? *What are principal parts? *How do you find the root word of a verb? *Subject – Verb Agreement: *Verbs have 5 characteristics: 1.person a. b. c. 2.number a. b. 3.tense a. b. c. d. e. f. 4.voice a. b. 5.mood a. b. c. *d. FUTURE TENSE POEM: In conjugations 1 and 2, in the future __________________, In conjugations 4 and 3, In the future, _______________.
Verbs: *What is an infinitive? *What is the Imperative? *Poem for the irregular imperatives *What are the three sets of verb endings? *Indicative Tense Indicators *Subjunctive Tense Indicators
The Subjunctive Mood: *What is the Subjunctive? *What are the Uses of the Subjunctive?
Irregular Verbs: the Indicative Mood[These do not have a passive voice.] Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect Tenses follow the Rules. Sum and Predicate nouns/adj.: Possum and the Complementary Infinitive:
Irregular Verbs: the Subjunctive Mood [These do not have a passive voice.]
More Irregular Verbs: the Subjunctive Mood [These do not have a passive voice.]
The Indicative Mood of fero, ferre, tuli, latus Active:Passive:
The SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD of fero, ferre, tuli, latus Active:Passive:
Grammar Terms: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.
Grammar Terms: 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.