Introduction of Film Culture • Classical films
The Shawshank Redemption 《肖申克的救赎》
中文名：《肖申克的救赎》，外文名：The Shawshank Redemption，其它译名：刺激1995,月黑高飞,地狱诺言 • 出品时间：1994年9月10日 • 导演：弗兰克·达拉邦特Frank Darabont • 主演：蒂姆·罗宾斯Tim Robbins .....Andy Dufresne • 摩根·弗里曼Morgan Freeman .....Ellis Boyd 'Red' Redding
Brief Introduction • The Shawshank Redemption is a 1994 drama film written and directed by Frank Darabont. It is an adaptation of the Stephen King novella Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption. The film stars Tim Robbins as Andrew "Andy" Dufresne and Morgan Freeman as Ellis Boyd "Red" Redding. • The film portrays Andy, who spends nearly two decades in Shawshank State Prison, a fictional penitentiary in Maine, and his friendship with Red, a fellow inmate. Despite a lukewarm box office reception that was barely enough to cover its budget, the film received favorable reviews from critics, multiple award nominations, and has since enjoyed a remarkable life on cable television, VHS, DVD, and Blu-ray. This revival is reflected in its high placement on various lists of great movies.
Characters • Andy Dufrasne played by Tim Robbins. • A New England banker accused of murdering his wife and her lover. Claims he is innocent, but everyone is innocent in Shawshank. • Likes to collect rocks, read, starts a library, and dreams of building a boat at the Pacific Ocean. • Close friends with Red and Brooks.
Characters • Ellis Boyd “Red” Redding played by: Morgan Freeman. • Fellow inmate and prisoner in Shawshank. Imprisoned as a young man he has almost been entirely institutionalized. Very close friends with Andy and dreams of being free someday.
Characters • Warden Norton played by: Bob Guntan. • The warden is a very religious man who on the side is hiding money in false bank accounts and using Andy so his crime can’t be traced to him. • He enjoys using sadistic means to torture his prisoners such as throwing them in the “hole”. He is very powerful and exerts immense influence on the prison.
Characters • Brooks Hatlen played by: James Whitmore • The prison librarian, Brooks has been in Shawshanks for almost all of his life. • He is known for his caring personality( takes care of a baby crow Jake), but eventually is released. • He gives into institutionalization and commits suicide because he can’t live in the real world.
Characters • Tommy Williams played by: Gil Bellows • A young man in and out of prison his whole life, Tommy came to Shawshank for robbery. • Has a wife and child at home, so he enlists Andy’s help in learning how to read and write so he can get a high school diploma. • Was in prison with the man who killed Andy’s wife and her lover.
Theme Institutionalization is a major theme in The Shawshank Redemption. Many prisoners have been in the prison for so long that they have been institutionalized, which means the only life that they know is the one within the prison walls. Example: Brooks lived most of his life in the prison, so when released ,he does not know how to live in the outside world. Things have changed so much while he was in prison and he even thinks of crimes he could commit in order to be thrown back into prison. Eventually, he commits suicide because he cannot handle life in the real world.
Theme • The integrity of Andy is also an important theme in the story line, especially in prison, where integrity is lacking. • The Shawshank Redemption is an allegory for maintaining one's feeling of self-worth when placed in a hopeless position. • Moreover,the film provides a great illustration of how characters can be free, even in prison, or unfree, even in freedom, based on one's outlook in life.
贯穿全线的“三次救赎” • redemption，救赎，并不只是Andy本身，从某种意义上来说，他不但拯救了自己，也拯救了他的狱友。他对狱友的拯救，表现在一种精神上的拯救，因为他一定程度上使他的周围的人明白了，追求自由和希望的可贵－－Red就是其中一个典型。两个对自由持有一样的寄望，但有着不同态度的人，构成了全片的主线。三次“redemption”如下： • 第一次是他帮助狱警HADLEY逃税，为狱友赢得每人3瓶啤酒的奖励。 “We sat and drank with the sun on our shoulders, and felt like free men. We could'a been tarring the roof of one of our own houses. We were the Lords of all Creation.”... “You could argue he'd done it to curry favor with the guards. Or maybe make a few friends among us cons. Me, I think he did it just to feel normal again...if only for a short while.” 这时，你看到了T.Robbins第一次露出笑容。毕竟，自由总是最快乐的，同时也代表一种自我价值的实现。每个人都有这种需要，使自己有重要感。
第二次则是本片中最为精彩的一part，他在狱警办公室放“费加罗的婚礼”（Le Nozze de Figaro）。这个片段看似平静如水，但 实则激情四射，杀伤力极强，最能使你两眼发热。 “I have no idea to this day what them two Italian ladies were singin' about. Truth is, I don't want to know. Some things are best left unsaid. I like to think they were singin' about something so beautiful it can't be expressed in words, and makes your heart ache because of it.”...“I tell you, those voices soared. Higher and farther than anybody in a gray place dares to dream. It was like some beautiful bird flapped into our drab little cage and made these walls dissolve away... and for the briefest of moments -- every last man at Shawshank felt free.” 这次，Andy的微笑是一种带有胜利感的微笑。他利用自己在狱警中的价值以及依此得到的信任，再次给他的朋友，带来自由的感觉－－哪怕是一刹那。 “There are things in this world not carved out of gray stone. That there's a small place inside of us they can never lock away, and that place is called hope.” • 第三次，他为监狱建立了一个图书馆。为了得到第一批书，他每周一封信，连续写了六年。然后他增加到每周两封，在Andy入狱的第二个十年间，图书馆落成。这也是一个划时代的胜利，这个胜利的影响是深远的。大概也是在这个时候，Tommy出现了，剧情也随之发生了转折。 Tommy被杀后，Andy从hole(禁闭室)中出来，临脱狱的一天，和Red的对白非常耐人寻味。在逃离此处之前，Andy反思了自己的错误，妻子的死 他要负一定责任。
Symbols • The Holy Bible: To the warden, the Bible is sacred （神的，宗教的）and to be followed at all times, so it is a rule book. • To Andy he hides his rock hammer in the Bible going against the rules completely.
Symbols • The music symbolizes hope and especially Andy's hope that he will someday be free and living on his own again. The music can be in his heart and mind and the warden cannot take that away from him. • The harmonica is a symbol of harmony and it shows the harmonic relationship between Andy and Red because Andy gives it to Red. It also symbolizes hope.
Background Information • The Shawshank Redemption was the quietest film to be nominated for seven academy awards. In the shadow of 1994's big winner Forrest Gump, it did not win a single one. • In 1995, a year after it came out in the theaters, Shawshank became the top video rental of the year. • The last scene on the beach was almost left out of the movie, but it was too important that they be reunited for the audience’s sake. It showed the love story between two friends who transcend life and space in order to remain close. • The Shawshank Redemption shows that with hope and persistence, everyone can find their own place in the world.
The Legend of 1900 《海上钢琴师》
◎导演： 佩·多纳托雷 Giuseppe Tornatore ◎主演： 蒂姆·罗斯 Tim Roth ..... 1900
Cast and Crew Italian director. Early years in photography, works on several occasions to participate in international competition winners, a former TV documentary director, Salerno, Italy, in 1982, full-length documentary film festival winners used the saying. 1985, directed the first feature films "Professor" movies since almost by their own writers. 1988 "Paradise Cinema" won the Cannes Film Festival Grand Jury Prize and the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film Award. Work exudes rich romantic. Director Giuseppe Tornatore
Leading Actor Tim Roth (born 14 May 1961) is an English film actor and director best known for his roles in the American films Reservoir Dogs, Pulp Fiction, Four Rooms, Planet of the Apes, The Incredible Hulk and Rob Roy, for which he received an Academy Award Nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Tim in the 1998 Italian film “The legend of 1900" in superbly created a worldly piano genius, this role earned him a favorite of many viewers.He currently stars as Cal Lightman in the TV series Lie to Me.
Movie Reviews • 1900, an abandoned baby which is taken care by one of the crews in the ship, Virginia. 1900 was the year which the crew discovered the baby, thus, the boy was named 1900. The crew dies several years later and at that time, 1900 is entirely isolated. He is a genius and he knows how to play the piano without being taught. He gets his own style and wins the applause of passengers. However, he isn’t happy at all. What he is searching for is love and care, yet he cannot find them.
Changes make 1900 scared, he wants his everyday life remains the same. For 27 years, he stays on board and never treads on land. Although his crews always persuade him to get off, he isn't willing to try. Several months after the girl he loved had left, 1900 suddenly wants to tread on land. His reason is that he wants to listen to the voice of the sea as he can only hear it clearly on land. However, it’s true that he wants to find the girl and expresses love to her. 1900 hides his feeling again. Yet, when he is on the halfway of the ladder that leads to the land, he stops. He stands there to look at the city in front of him. 1900 gives up treading on land and returns to the ship. • Many years later, as the ship is too old and it needs to be exploded to pieces,1900 insists to die with it.
Meanings The reason why 1900 doesn‘t get off the ship? 1900 takes the piano as an example, “ There are finite keys on the piano”, and he can make “infinite music” out of it. However, the world is a piano that is too big for him. There are infinite keys in the world, how can he make music out of it? It implies that there are so many changes in the world; he can hardly face the challenges. “There are thousands of streets in the city…which one should I choose to die?” It shows that 1900 is scared by the ever-changing world and he is too tired to choose. He thinks that he can’t adapt to the changes as “ the world has passed me (him) by”. In addition, fame, fortune, girl can’t make him tread on land. 1900 chooses to die on the ship rather than getting off. It can be seen that how deeply he is afraid of changes. The marvelous life of 1900 makes him become the legend.
Title：Twilight Style: Love / Horror / Action / Fantasy American movie Time：2008 Director：Catherine Hardwicke 凯瑟琳·哈德威克 Playwright：Melissa Rosenberg 梅利莎·罗森伯格 Movie Information
Main actor： Robert Pattinson 罗伯特·帕丁森 Kristen Stewart 克里斯汀·斯图尔特 The books written by Melissa have been adapted as the films
AWARD • 2009MTV电影奖 最佳突破男演员Taylor Lautner 提名 • 2009MTV电影奖 最佳女演员 • 2009MTV电影奖 最佳电影原声带 《Decode》提名 • 2009MTV电影奖 最佳亲吻 Kristen Stewart Robert Pattinson • 2009青年演员大奖 最受女性欢迎特别电影 TWILIGHT
PLOT • Bella is a unique girl, she does not like vanity and the pursuit of fashion.She also does not want to disguise （伪装）herself to good relations with other students. • Because his mother remarried, Bella moved to live with his father .In the new school, Bella met a boy named Edward, he is different, not only handsome, clever, humorous, and also he is a vampire（吸血鬼）.Edward and his family chose a unique way of life, they do not drink human blood.Bella quickly fell into love with him. Their love is like rare sunshine gives grace to the castle .
The movie tells a love story between a common girl called Bella and a vampire named Edward .no matter what kind of troubles they met, they always be together . The movie is very beautiful, and the actors are well-chosen. This is the American love story. It brings me different feelings. Don't regard it as an unbelieveable love experience,when you fall in love or you are in love, I think you will find these amazing feelings,then it will be your own story of “twilight”.
The Day After Tomorrow is a 2004 apocalyptic science-fiction film that depicts the catastrophic effects of both global warming and global cooling. It was once part of the top 50 grossing film of all time, with total revenue of US $542,771,772. It is the second highest grossing movie not to be #1 in the US box office (behind My Big Fat Greek Wedding). The movie was filmed mostly in Montreal, and is the highest grossing Hollywood film in history to be filmed in Canada.
synopsis • What if we are on the brink of a new Ice Age? This is the question that haunts climatologic Jack Hall. Hall's research indicates that global warming could trigger an abrupt and catastrophic shift in the planet's climate. While Jack warns the White House of the impending climate shift, his 17 year-old son Sam finds himself trapped in New York City where he and some friends have been competing in a high school academic competition. He must now cope with the severe flooding and plummeting temperatures in Manhattan. Having taken refuge inside the Manhattan Public Library, Sam manages to reach his father by phone. Jack only has time for one warning: stay inside at all costs. As full-scale, massive evacuations to the south begin, Jack heads north to New York City to save Sam. But not even Jack is prepared for what is about to happen--to him, to his son, and to his planet.
The main characters • The main characters in "The Day After Tomorrow" are Dennis Quaid's Jack, a brilliant but abrasive paleo-climatologist -- his work predicted the catastrophe, but no one would listen -- and Jack's brilliant but underloved son, Sam, who is played by Jake Gyllenhaal. The movie was made by the paleo-writer-director Roland Emmerich; he collaborated on the screenplay with Jeffrey Nachmanoff. While subtlety has never been Mr. Emmerich's strong suit, he's a showman with a gift for choosing big subjects to please, or at least attract, big crowds ("Independence Day" in 1996, "Godzilla" two years later).
Significance • This film is propaganda designed to shift the policy of this nation on climate change. At least that's what I take from producer Mark Gordon's comment that "part of the reason we made this movie" was to "raise consciousness about the environment." • Fox spokesman Jeffrey Godsick says, "The real power of the movie is to raise consciousness on the issue of (global warming)."
Harry Potter 《哈利·波特》
Black magic mother: Rowling • Pen name: J.K. Rowling • Old name: Joanna Katherine Rowling • Place of birth: England • Birth year: 1965 • Biography synopsis Rowling in 1965 was born, in the recent two years promoted one after another take the boy Harry Poter as leading character's series child novel, entered the world each place bestseller ranking repeatedly, thus became the child writer which in the present world most has the great reputation. In 1988, Rowling by "Bookman" magazine evaluation for year best writer; In 1999, also is evaluated the English year books prize new owner.
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone Harry Potter thinks he is an ordinary boy — until he is rescued by a beetle eyed giant of a man, enrols at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, learns to play Quidditch and does battle in a deadly duel. All because Harry Potter is a wizard! Follow the adventures of Harry Potter as he discovers the magical, the dangerous, the unpredictable world of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone • Harry Potter is a wizard who is eleven years old when our story • begins. Long before the first book, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's • Stone, begins, Harry's parents are killed in a battle with the evil Lord • Voldemort. We first meet Harry when he is living with his repulsive and • non-magical (or Muggle) Aunt Petunia and Uncle Vernon Dursley, and their • even more revolting son, Dudley. • Following a bizarre but hilarious chain of events, Harry finds himself • at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, with an outrageous cast of • characters, which includes super-smart Hermione Granger, vile Draco Malfoy, • sinister Professor Snape and the wise Headmaster Albus Dumbledore. • Each book charts a year's progress through the school for Harry and • his friends, and readers will love and laugh out loud at some of the • funniest inventions in literature today,
Daniel Radcliffe Profile Birthday: July 23, 1989 Birthplace: Fulham, London, England, UK Playing the role of young Harry Potter has won Daniel worldwide acclaim and the Variety Club of Great Britain’s Best Newcomer Award, presented in February 2002. In April 2002 he was also honored with the prestigious David Di Donatello Award presented by Italy’s Ente David Di Donatello - for his superb portrayal of Harry and for his contribution to the future of cinema. Daniel first appeared on British television in December 1999 when he played the young David Copperfield in BBC television’s highly acclaimed production of David Copperfield. The drama, which was directed by Simon Curtis, also starred Dame Maggie Smith,who appears alongside him now as Professor McGonagall. Prior to filming the first Harry Potter feature, he made his feature film debut as Jamie Lee Curtis’ and Geoffrey Rush’s screen son in John Boorman’s The Tailor of Panama.
Hermione Jane Granger Full name：Emma Charlotte Duerre Watson Nickname：Em Hair color：Brown Eye color：Blonde Idol：Julia Roberts, Sandra Bullock, Goldie Hawn,John Cleese Music：Bryan Adams, Suzanne Vega, Dido, and Samantha Mumba. "I enjoy all the latest stuff on the radio." 、Jelly Bean Flavour: Sherbert Lemon Animal：Cat Sport：Tennis、Hockey、Rounders Movie：Julia Roberts movies (Pretty Women, Notting Hill, etc)、 Good Books (but not a Favourites!): The Phantom Tollbooth and I Captured Castle
Harry Potter's friends Ron Billius Weasley Hermione Jane Granger
Politics and message in Harry Potter • Rowling: “I wanted Harry to leave our world and find exactly the same problems in the wizarding world. So you have the intent to impose a hierarchy, you have bigotry, and this notion of purity, which is this great fallacy, but it crops up all over the world. • People like to think themselves superior and that if they can pride themselves in nothing else they can pride themselves on perceived purity. • You should question authority and you should not assume that the establishment or the press tells you all of the truth."