Which of the following items is a drug or contains a drug? All of them except the vitamins!
What is a Drug? Drug- Any substance (other than food) that can change the structure or function of the body or mind Example- cocaine and heroin Medicine- A drug that prevents , treats, or cures illnesses, or eases its symptoms Example- Tylenol, antibiotics Drug or Medicine? • Reasons we use medications: • Prevent Diseases example- vaccines • Fight Germs example- antibiotics • Relieve Pain example- ibuprofen • Treat other medical conditions example- cold medication
Types of Medications: Prescription Drugs: Medicines that can be used safely with a doctors written permission Example- antibiotics All drugs are tested for safety and approved by the Food and Drug Administration. The FDA also decides which drugs are prescription and over-the-counter.
Common Prescription Drugs: Preparations of dead or weak germs that are most commonly injected into the body causing it to make antibodies. Examples- polio, measles, chicken pox Vaccines- Painkillers- Drugs used to treat severe or chronic pain Examples- Tylenol with codeine,Vicodin, Oxycontin Antibiotics Drugs made by microorganisms to stop or kill other microorganisms (germs) Only can be used against bacterial infections. Examples- penicillin, amoxycillin, cipro Prescription drugs should only be used by the person they are prescribed for because everyone has a different body chemistry, body size, symptoms, possible allergies, etc.
Over The Counter Drugs Drugs that are safe enough to be taken without seeing a doctor *Include more information by law than prescription drugs Examples include Tylenol, Robitussin cough syrup, etc.
Reactions to OTC and Prescription Drugs: Any reaction to a drug other than the one intended Examples- rash, nausea, dizziness, tiredness Side Effects- When a person’s body gets used to the effects of a drug and it take MORE to achieve the same effect -Tolerance Drug Interaction- When 2 or more drugs are taken at the same time. It can multiply (greatly increase) the effects, weaken the effects or cancel each other out! Mixing alcohol with tranquilizers is a multiplier effect! Addiction- The physical and mental need for a drug
Drug Use or Drug Abuse? Drug Use- Taking a drug as prescribed or according to the directions Drug Misuse- Using a drug in a way other than what is stated on the directions Drug Abuse- Using substances that are against the law or Not meant to enter the Human body
Drug Use, Misuse or Abuse? After football practice, Steve and his friend David share some of David’s prescription anadol (type of steroid pill) that David takes for his anemia. Abuse Cathy is at a party and some of the kids are sniffing Glade air freshener from a bag to get high. Abuse Jessica has a stomach ache so she takes some Pepto Bismol. She doesn’t have a spoon, so she drinks it right from the bottle. MISUSE
OTC and Prescription Drug Dangers! Approximately one in five teenagers has abused a prescription painkiller to get high, and one in 11 has abused OTC products, like cough medicine. ADDICTION OTC drugs are only safe when used according to the directions and prescription drugs are only used safely when used by the person they are prescribed for! Hallucinations Confusion Coma Severe Physical and Emotional Health Effects DEATH Shannon’s Story
Using Medications Safely.... Always read the label for directions and potential side-effects- especially OTC drugs! Check the seal before opening the drug Check the expiration date and throw away all medication that has expired. Never take a drug that is prescribed for another person Let your doctor know right away if you experience any problems with prescription drugs.