Our session ….. Information searching process Search strategy design Library resources
Information searching process • Thoughts • Feelings • Actions (from Kuhlthau)
Designing a search strategy • State the research question • Develop some background by reading text, lecture notes, encyclopedia • Create a list of concepts including synonyms • Rank concepts by importance • Show relationships between concepts by using Boolean operators
Boolean operators : and hydroxyapatite Artificial bone Hydroxyapatite and artificial bone hydrosyapatite Artificial bone
Boolean operators : or Bone synthesis Artificial bone Artificial bone or bone synthesis Artificial bone bone synthesis
Subject heading characteristics • Subject headings are assigned by librarians and subject specialists. • The words in a subject heading might not appear in the physical description categories (i.e. title). • Items on the same subject are grouped together.
Keyword characteristicsWhen you put in a keyword, the computer matches it exactly in the records. Keyword Records
Keywords Larive, Cynthia K. and Bulska, Ewa. “Tipsfor effective poster presentations.” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2006) 385: 1347–1349
Importance to you if database organized by keyword or subject heading • You can be sure you’re retrieving every article on your concept when you use subject headings. • With keywords, you must search with alternate spellings or synonyms to be sure you’re retrieving relevant articles.
Broad vs. specific Specific is better since it imitates the way databases are organized. Your results will be relevant and manageable in number.
University Libraries resources/databases Two concerns • Identifying appropriate resources/databases • Dealing with multiple search engines
Search Engines: Common Points • Area to enter concepts • Specify fields to be searched • Use Boolean operators • Limiting by year, publication format, language • Display results
Which database? University Libraries home page FINDING ARTICLES on sidebar Indexes and databases By Subject By Title