Historical and Literary Analysis • The social and historical context is the situation in which a passage was written. • What was the audience? • Who was the author? • Literary Context. • What goes before? • What comes after? • What is the genre, or literary type?
Historical Context • Who are the important people? • What culture is presupposed? • What is honor and shame? • What values are embodied in the text? • What are the chief characteristics of the people who are described?
Literary context • How does the passage contribute to the “flow” of the text? • By flow, we mean how does the text relate to what goes before and after? • How does what goes before set the stage for the text? • How does the text set the stage for what comes after?
Group Work: Luke 3:1-17 • Historical context. • What is the historical setting (see 3:1-3)? • What passage of scripture is fulfilled in John’s ministry? • Who does John’s appearance resemble (see 2 Kings 1:8)? • What are the characteristics of the groups? • What does John’s advice tell about the groups? • Literary context. • What text precedes the John 3:1-17? • What comes after? • How does this text form a “bridge between the two texts?