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India PowerPoint Presentation

India

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India

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  1. India Its culture and tradition

  2. Structure • Introduction • Language • Clothing • Recreation and sports • Festivals • Music • Dance • Literature • Architecture • Paintings • Theatre • Media

  3. Introduction • Diverse cultures • Different religions • Different food • Different languages • Different social habits and characeristics • Reasons • its vast geography • immigrants and invaders

  4. Language • Many different languages • You can divide them into linguistic families

  5. Language • 415 living languages • Two official languages of communication: • Hindi and English • There are “official languages“ at the state and center but no one “national language“ • 14 official regional languages

  6. For Women: 1. the salwar kameez Clothing

  7. 2. the sari

  8. For men: 1. The dhoti

  9. 2. the lungi

  10. 3. the kurta

  11. Recreation and sports • Martial arts originated in India • Quite popular are: field hockey, soccer and cricket • Indigenous sports are kabaddi and gilli-danda

  12. Popular indoor and outdoor games are Chess, Snakes and Ladders, Playing cards, Polo, Carrom and Badminton

  13. Festivals • India is called the land of festivals and fairs • There are many different festivals because of the varied religions • One festival that doesn't depend on the religion: • Independence Day

  14. Music • Variety of folk, popular, pop, classical music • Based and influenced by Hindu texts • Was developed over many eras • Remains instrumental to religious inspiration, cultural expression and pure entertainment • Ethnic groups, Persian, Arabic and English music had an impact on it

  15. Instruments • Various string and wind instruments are usual (Sitar) • Several kinds of drums and cymbals

  16. Dance • A lot of classical dances • Every dance represents a different culture and ethos of a region or group • Often based on Hindu traditions at religious events

  17. Well-known folk dances: • bhangra of the Punjab

  18. bihu of the Assam

  19. kuchipudi of Andhra Pradesh

  20. Literature • Oldest tradition in the world • Earliest works were orally transmitted and later written down • Literature in 22 officially recognised languages • Hindu literary traditions dominate • Today´s authors write in Indian and English

  21. Architecture • 300BC: the beginning can be traced back to the advent of Buddhism Caves of Ajanta

  22. Several Hindu temples in South India Kesava Temple

  23. Islamic influence in 8th century Taj Mahal

  24. Colonialism of Britain effects architecture Victoria Memorial

  25. Paintings • Earliest painting were rock paintings • Temple paintings testified to a love of naturalism and God

  26. Rangoli in front of the doorstep

  27. Also important: Madhubani Paintings

  28. Rajput Paintings

  29. Tanjore Paintings

  30. Present day artists amalgamate global art with Indian classical styles eg. Devajyoti Ray

  31. Indian-Theatre • about cultures and traditions of India • Old and varied art form • India, as a colony of the British Empire, used theatre as one of its instruments in protest • Presently threatened by TV, cinema and a lack of finance

  32. Media • Broadcasting in India flourished since 1992 • India's cable TV market ist one of the world's largest • Private radio: relative newcomer • Lively press • Internet use has soared

  33. That was:IndiaA diverse country and a diverse culturePresented byAnke HülsandKathrin Dirks