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Lecture 3.5 Mine Rescue

Lecture 3.5 Mine Rescue

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Lecture 3.5 Mine Rescue

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  1. APSC 150 Engineering Case Studies Case Study 3: Mining and the Environment Part 2: Mine Health and Safety Lecture 3.5Mine Rescue Student Team Competitions

  2. Chilean Mine Rescue

  3. The Rescued Miners http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/12/world/americas/chiles-rescued-miners-face-major-struggles-a-year-later.html?pagewanted=all

  4. The Rescued Miners - Aftermath Traveled the world, cruising Greek Islands, visiting Britain, Israel, L.A., Disney World Emotional and psychological problems Most are unemployed and many are poorer than before Some receiving sick-leave pay for prolonged post-traumatic stress Some others are seeing private therapists Four have returned to mining

  5. The Rescued Miners - Aftermath Edison Peña – Elvis impersonator and runner – appeared on Lettermann Now is an alcoholic and into drug rehab Hollywood movie being developed which may provide future funds Most suffer from insomnia and nightmares Chronic post-traumatic syndrome much like veterans after returning from Vietnam and Iraq

  6. The Rescued Miners - Aftermath Chilean mining magnate, Leonardo Farkas, gave each miner more than $15,000 so they could rest and recuperate. Also gave free homes to two who were marrying Helped one miner find psychiatric care after miner found his fiancée with another man

  7. Survival Underground • Essential elements • Mine Refuge Stations located throughout the mine • Availability of Food • Availability of Water • Availability of Air and Ventilation • Lighting (and power) • Communications

  8. Mine Rescue • Requires a team to coordinate all activities • Training is key - conducted on an on-going basis • fundamental principles of mine rescue • standard mine rescue procedures and equipment • legislation governing mine rescue • medical requirements of volunteers • mine gasses • respiratory protection to work in IDLH* conditions • care, use, maintenance, testing and servicing of primary breathing apparatus (Drager BG4) • Successful completion results in a certificate * IDHL = immediately dangerous to life and health

  9. Additional Courses Refresher Training • An active team member must attend 6 refresher sessions per year • Sessions include simulated emergencies conducted in an underground environment • Apply standardized competency-based mine rescue practices and procedures

  10. Additional Courses - 2 Advanced Certification • Participants must learn and demonstrate use of • primary and secondary breathing apparatuses • standard equipment • special rescue and extrication equipment • Written test completed on mine rescue functions and procedures • Participants provided with a seal to attach to their Mine Rescue certificate

  11. Additional Courses - 3 Supervisory/Management Mine Rescue • Designed for individuals likely to oversee mine emergencies • Day 1: Supervisory mine rescue training • History of mine rescue, mine gases, breathing apparatus, underground emergencies • Written exam (70 % required) • Day 2: Management mine rescue training • Understanding management roles and responsibilities • Case study analysis, Control Group training, and mine emergency response workshops • Refresher training needed every 3-5 years

  12. Dräger – technology for life! • Dräger is an international leader in the fields of medical and safety technology. Founded in Lübeck, Germany in 1889, Dräger has grown into a worldwide, DAX-listed enterprise in its fifth generation as a family-run business. Our long-term success is predicated on a value-oriented corporate culture with four central strengths: close collaboration with our customers, the expertise of our employees, continuous innovation and outstanding quality.

  13. Key Equipment Underground rescue operations require the use of specific and specialized equipment for mine rescue teams. Purchasing of equipment is done centrally to ensure standardization between districts and mines. All personnel trained in mine rescue must be familiar with the equipment shown to allow teams to aid and assist each other without the fear of being unable to adequately operate rescue equipment. Whenever a mine rescue operation is required, teams come from many parts of the country and continent.

  14. Key Equipment Drager BG4 The Drager BG4 is a closed-circuit breathing apparatus that provides up to 4 hours of breathing air. An electronic monitoring unit allows the briefing officer to monitor team members from outside the incident.

  15. Key Equipment Test-it 6100 Testers The Test-it 6100 tester measures the flow and pressure of BG4s. The tester comes in a suitcase designed for easy portability.

  16. Key Equipment CAREVent DRA Automatic Rescue Ventilator The CAREvent Ventilator is lightweight and portable. The unit provides a safe and effective means of providing demand breathing or artificial ventilation to casualties suffering respiratory difficulties or cardiac arrest. The ventilator is pneumatic (i.e., no batteries required) and gives breath by breath consistency in delivered tidal volume, frequency, and flow rates.

  17. Key Equipment iTX Multi-Gas Monitor The iTX multi-gas monitor is a portable, battery-powered gas detection device that can measure up to six different gases at once. The iTX can log up to 300 hours of survey data at one-minute intervals. 

  18. Key Equipment SSR 90 M The SSR 90 M is a self-contained, oxygen-generating rescue device for casualties during rescue operations. Mine rescue personnel carry the SSR 90 M underground and are able to provide the casualty with at least 90 minutes of breathing air. The unit weights 10.3 lbs.

  19. CSE Self-Contained Self Rescue (SCSR) Breathing Apparatus SR-100The SR-100 is worn on a belt for quick access in an emergency. It provides 60 minutes of breathable air. The SR1-00 is a chemical-based re-breather, which recycles exhaled breath, chemically removing CO2 and replenishes it with O2. It is used in mining, tunnelling, the armed forces, chemical plants, pulp/paper plants, water treatment plants and confined space entry situations where immediate reliable access to O2 is needed. Weight: 2.6 kg when carried and 2.2 kg in use

  20. Key Equipment GripTech SP2 Rope Rescue System The SP2 is a rope rescue system that allows rescuers to be lowered vertically or horizontally from one level to another, or to raise victims to a surface area. It requires an adequate anchor point. The system is often used for confined space rescue.

  21. Key Equipment Enerpac 1250 Self-Contained Hydraulic Bolt Cutter Self-contained, high-pressure cylinder with a guillotine-type cutter and a rotating head that can achieve a shearing force of 20 tons. The cutter does not actually cut the material, rather it is sheared.

  22. Key Equipment Darda Hydraulic Splitter A wedge-type splitter with a splitting force up to 350 tons at 7,100 psi. The splitter consist of two cylinders. The upper cylinder houses the piston which moves a wedge in the lower cylinder. A control valve to extend or retract the wedge is operated by a single lever. When the lever is placed in a forward position, the wedge advances and the two feathers are forced against the wall of the hole and, with 100s of tons of pressure, to tear rock or concrete apart. Depending on materials, a break may occur in 10-60 seconds.

  23. Key Equipment Maxiforce Lifting Bags Multi-application, portable inflation system used to lift and displace heavy rigid objects. They are designated for use in emergency situations such as structural collapse and containment, vehicular extrications, industrial entrapment, and excavation collapse. Since the air bags contain no spark-producing parts, they can be used in explosive environments.

  24. Key Equipment MSA Thermal Imaging Cameras The MSA Thermal Imaging Camera is a self-contained, battery-operated unit incorporating a miniature display monitor. It is intended primarily for use as a firefighting aid, giving good quality thermal pictures through dense smoke where normal vision is impossible.

  25. Mine Rescue in B.C. • B.C.'s mining laws require trained mine rescue personnel and mine rescue equipment be maintained at all mines. • Basic mine rescue training courses are conducted at mines across the province so miners have an opportunity to learn the necessary skills • Many hours of training and practice are needed to develop a competent mine rescue team to work together and collaborate and coordinate with other teams to accomplish rescue objectives. • Every year, the Provincial Mine Rescue and First Aid Competition offers mine rescue and three-person miner first aid teams a unique opportunity to display their skills. 56th Annual Provincial Mine Rescue and First Aid Competition June 2011, Revelstoke Community Centre, 600 Campbell Ave., Revelstoke, B.C.

  26. Mine Rescue in B.C. • B.C.'s mining laws require trained mine rescue personnel and mine rescue equipment be maintained at all mines. • Basic mine rescue training courses are conducted at mines across the province so miners have an opportunity to learn the necessary skills • Many hours of training and practice are needed to develop a competent mine rescue team to work together and collaborate and coordinate with other teams to accomplish rescue objectives. • Every year, the Provincial Mine Rescue and First Aid Competition offers mine rescue and three-person miner first aid teams a unique opportunity to display their skills. 56th Annual Provincial Mine Rescue and First Aid Competition June 2011, Revelstoke Community Centre, 600 Campbell Ave., Revelstoke, B.C.

  27. “Canada’s First University Mine Rescue Team”

  28. What is Mine Rescue? Highly trained multi-disciplinary team tasked with the mission of rescuing trapped miners due to an incident at a mine

  29. Why do they exist? • Things can go wrong: Human or Nature • US Coal Mines • Chile Mine Rescue • Daily Operations

  30. Safety in the Workplace If your not working safe, you shouldn’t be working “Safety is NOT a Priority, it is a Value”

  31. UBC Mine Rescue Team • Founded to create a culture of safety at UBC • Develop risk management skills • Enhance skill sets • First for Canada • One of only a few in the world • Corporate Sponsorships • Attended competition in Denver, Colorado

  32. Team Breakdown • 6 person team; • 1# Captain • 2# Ventilation • 3# First Aid • 4# Specialty Tools • 5# Vice Captain • Briefing Officer

  33. Equipment: BG-4 Closed Circuit Breathing Apparatus

  34. Equipment: Stretcher Dual Purposed

  35. Equipment: Special Tools • Ropes • SCSR • Fire Equipment • Thermal Imager • Splitter/Cutter • Gas Meter • Captains Tools

  36. Incident Response • What happens when the emergency call comes in? • Team alerted – Briefing Officer prepares • Situation outlined • Travel to site: Under Oxygen • Proceed to incident as planned • Carry out rescue/recon • Report • Return

  37. Hazards & Risk Management Asses the situation Team ensures safety of route – Retreat!? Ventilation – Gasses Risk vs. Reward Team always comes first

  38. Communication & Teamwork Captain is responsible Team is complementary Trust

  39. Impact at UBC Raised awareness of safety Established ties with industry Team member skill development

  40. http://www.9news.com/video/default.aspx?bctid=802512256001&odyssey=mod#/Mine+safety+training/802512256001http://www.9news.com/video/default.aspx?bctid=802512256001&odyssey=mod#/Mine+safety+training/802512256001

  41. http://www.9news.com/video/default.aspx?bctid=802512256001&odyssey=mod#/Mine+safety+training/802512256001http://www.9news.com/video/default.aspx?bctid=802512256001&odyssey=mod#/Mine+safety+training/802512256001

  42. UBC Mine Rescue wins 1st Biannual Inter-collegiate Mine Rescue Competition 8 undergraduates in the Mining Engineering department at UBC won the first Inter-collegiate mine rescue competition hosted by Colorado School of Mines last week in Denver.   The competition took place at CSM’s Edgar Mine outside of Denver. Each team was pushed to their breaking point. Real fires, smoke and patient actors were used to increase the reality of the simulation and to expose each team to a real life scenario in a controlled environment. The UBC team demonstrated incredible teamwork and communication in rescuing multiple victims and building temporary rock support that led to the capture of the title. http://bcminingblog.com/ubcminerescue/2011/03/03/ubc-mine-rescue-wins-1st-biannual-inter-collegiate-mine-rescue-competition/

  43. Won 1st ever collegiate mine rescue competition

  44. UBC Mine Rescue Champions - 2011

  45. All-Women Mine Rescue Team • Colorado School of Mines

  46. All-Women Mine Rescue Team • Colorado School of Mines

  47. All-Women Mine Rescue Team Colorado School of Mines http://video.denver.cbslocal.com/global/video/flash/popupplayer.asp?vt1=v&clipFormat=flv&clipId1=5603364&at1=News&h1=Rescuers&rnd=86508038

  48. All-Women Mine Rescue Team Colorado School of Mines

  49. Conclusion The best mine rescue team is the one you never have to use, but until then…

  50. Questions????