Arguments for the Existence of God – ‘theistic proofs’ Aim: Explore the teleological argument put forward by Aquinas. Proving God inductively.
The Design or Teleological Argument • Derived from Greek telos – ‘aim’, ‘purpose’ or ‘goal’. • The teleological argument looks at the idea of order and purpose in the universe. • The teleological argument is a posteriori and inductive. start features in world and inductively infer Godhead. Follows conclusion only yield probabilities. Deductive – deals with certainties. Based on experience.
Has a long history – early forms put forward by Socrates and Plato in Timaeus. • One of the most popular forms located in St. Thomas Aquinas’ fifth way to prove the existence of God. Located in ‘Summa Theologiae’ (the greatest things of theology). Tremendous influence. • TA is based on the idea that the world was designed. Its main principle is that there is evidence for design in the world. • Aquinas (1225-1274) argues from the fact of design in the world to the postulation of a designer .(the 5th way).
Proving God inductively P1: There is order and purpose (guidedness) in the world. P2: Order/purpose presuppose design. P3: Design presupposes a designer. C: Designer is God.
Title: The Design Argument (Tyler). • Read and colour code notes on pg. 12-15 Tyler. • Dictionary: Highlight key words to learn – definitions written on.
Read pack and colour code. • Key words. • Scholars names. • Important points. • Quotations. Tell – essays look like underline……..
Plenary: Key Cards • Key Words • Quotations - 2
See 5th way (the cosmological argument) He argued that for non-intelligent matter to behave in a way that is beneficial, there needs to be an intelligent power to bring this state of affairs about. This is God.
a priori The proof of the statement does not rely on external evidence. For example: All bachelors are unmarried. John is a bachelor John is unmarried. a posteriori The proof of the statement relies on external (empirical) evidence. For example: the girls in year 11 achieved higher grades than the boys. Synthetic – to deny does not entail a contradiction. Analytic – to deny entails a contradiction