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VISION 2020: The Right to Sight – international collaboration to combat avoidable blindness

VISION 2020: The Right to Sight – international collaboration to combat avoidable blindness

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VISION 2020: The Right to Sight – international collaboration to combat avoidable blindness

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  1. VISION 2020: The Right to Sight– international collaboration to combat avoidable blindness Presentation to students: MSc in Community Eye Health

  2. The Future?

  3. Projected trends in Global Blindness due to demographic changes to 2020 45 to 76 million (73% increase) 2000 2010 2020

  4. GLOBAL BLINDNESS

  5. VISION 2020 Priorities Cataract RefractiveErrors and Low Vision AMD and otherdiseases Trachoma Vit A Def Oncho’ciasis DiabeticRetinopathy Glaucoma FOCAL DISEASES MORE DIFFICULT TREAT- ABLE ?

  6. Without V2020 100 m people • With V2020 2005 2010 2015 2020

  7. 1999 A Global Initiative to Eliminate Avoidable Blindness W.H.O. and I.A.P.B.

  8. VISION 2020International Activities ADVOCACY WHO/ IAPB PLANNING NATIONAL PBL PROGRAMMES DOING VISION 2020 CENTRES + COMMUNITY EYE CARE

  9. IAPB – ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE 7 regions: Africa, N.America, S.America, SE Asia, Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, Western Pacific National Bodies

  10. IAPB - MEMBERSHIP • Group A: 15 orgs $35Kpa • Group B: 12 orgs $10Kpa • Group C: 49 orgs $1Kpa • Founding Members: 2 orgs WBU and IFOS • Corporate/Foundation Members: Patrons: 5 B&L, Zeiss, SCB, Merck, Champalimaud Foundation Sponsors: 1 Alcon

  11. IAPB – STRATEGIC PRIORITIES • Advocacy • Resource Mobilisation • Communications • Programme Facilitation

  12. IAPB- ADVOCACY • WHO Medium Term Strategic Plan • Implementation of WHA Resolution • Inclusion in national and WHO country health plans and budgets • Contribution to MDGs

  13. RESOURCE MOBILISATION • Foundations and Trusts • Corporates • OGS • Eye Fund

  14. Optometry Giving Sight IAPB WCO ICEE Optometrists Patients Optical Companies National Committees V2020 Refractive Error Programmes

  15. The Eye Fund Financial Institutions (Deutche Bank) IAPB Sustainable Eye Care Programmes

  16. IAPB - COMMUNICATIONS • World Sight Day • Member communications; newsletters • Website • Publications • Press/Media • Industry and professional meetings

  17. IAPB- PROGRAMME FACILITATION • National Plans • Selected Country Focus • Regional Priorities • Disease focus • Manpower development • Infrastructure development

  18. V2020 Model for District Level Eye Care Team Equipment Supplies (£) PATIENTS

  19. The Gambia Survey 1986 Blind people per million population

  20. The Gambia 1985 1 ophthal-mologist One unit with 7 beds Little community work • Result: • 300 cataract ops per year • limited trachoma / vit. A def control

  21. The Gambia 1995 2 ophthal-mologists + 2 cataract surgeons Three units each with eye beds Health Education Community Health Work • Result: • 1800 cataract ops per year • Active trachoma / vit. A def control

  22. The Gambia Survey 1986 & 1996 Overall 40% decrease in the prevalence of blindness Blind people per million population

  23. The Gambia National Programme 1986-1996 • Changes • TRAINED STAFF • Trained 4 cataract surgeons. • Trained eye nurses & community health workers. • INFRASTRUCTURE • One eye unit became 4 • COMMUNITY • Public awareness through radio. • Increased cataract ops from 200 to 1800 / yr.

  24. GLOBAL BLINDNESS BLIND (millions)

  25. Trends in Causes of Blindness 11 to 4 million

  26. Trends in Causes of Blindness