Sexually Transmitted Diseases(Class 1) Relationships & SexualityHPE 10
By the end of this class, you will be able to… • Identify the rates of occurrence of STD’s in high school students in Connecticut (YRBS). • Categorize STD’s based upon “life threatening, serious consequences, no consequences”. • Identify the top 5 most common STD’s.
Class Activator How are Sexually Transmitted Diseases transmitted from one person to another? Name 3 ways. Ready go! (30 seconds) What are some myths about how Sexually Transmitted Diseases are spread? Ready go! (30 seconds)
Why is it important for us to revisit information about STD’s?Let’s look at the 2009 (YRBS) CT High School Data…
Did you know? • There are more than 30different STD’s. • 8 new STD’s have been discovered since 1980. • Some like Syphilishave been around for thousands of years.
You can’t get an STD by: • Hugging • Holding hands • Cuddling with clothes on • Dancing • Playing football • Brushing someone’s hair
How can a person contract an STD? • Unprotected sex (oral, anal, vaginal) • Blood Transfusion • Sharing needles • Exchange of body fluids
5 of the most common STD’s • Chlamydia • Trichomoniasis • Genital Herpes • Human Papillomavirus • Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Chlamydia • Caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis • Can damage a woman's reproductive organs. • Even though symptoms of chlamydia are usually mild or absent, serious complications that cause irreversible damage, including infertility, can occur "silently" before a woman ever recognizes a problem. • Chlamydia also can cause discharge from the penis of an infected man.
Trichomoniasis • The infection often has no symptoms although women are more likely than men to get symptoms. Y • You may notice an unusual genital discharge. • Without treatment, trichomoniasis can increase a person’s risk of acquiring HIV. • Pregnant women with trichomoniasis can deliver premature, low birth weight babies.
Genital Herpes • Caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2). • Most genital herpes is caused by HSV-2. • Most individuals have no or only minimal signs or symptoms from HSV-1 or HSV-2 infection. • When signs do occur, they typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. • The blisters break, leaving tender ulcers (sores) that may take two to four weeks to heal the first time they occur.
HPV (Human Papillomavirus) • Some HPV causes cervical cancer (which can be fatal). • The HPV vaccine prevents most cases of genital warts and cervical cancer. • The vaccine doesn’t protect against all types of HPV.
Syphilis • Can kill a person if untreated. • It is curable & doesn’t cause serious consequences, except in newborns if treated early.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus that can infect almost anyone. • Most people don't know they have CMV because it rarely causes symptoms.
Gonorrhea • Caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a bacterium that can grow and multiply easily in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract • Cervix (opening to the womb), uterus (womb), and fallopian tubes (egg canals) in women, and in the urethra (urine canal) in women and men. • The bacterium can also grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.
Scabies • Often spread sexually, but can also be spread by sharing clothing or bedding.
Hepatitis B & C • "Hepatitis" means inflammation of the liver and also refers to a group of viral infections that affect the liver • The incubation period from the time of exposure to onset of symptoms is 6 weeks to 6 months. • HBV is found in highest concentrations in blood and in lower concentrations in other body fluids (e.g., semen, vaginal secretions, and wound exudates).
Where did HIV come from? • Scientists identified a type of chimpanzee in West Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans. • They believe that the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus (called simian immunodeficiency virus or SIV) • Most likely was transmitted to humans and mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood. • Over decades, the virus slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world.
Let’s see what you have learned!“4, 3, 2” • Please take out a piece of paper and number it: 4, 3, 2 • Write 4 Sexually transmitted diseases that you learned about today. • Write 3 Signs & Symptoms of STD’s • Write 2 ways in which STD’s can be spread
Sexually Transmitted Diseases(Class 2) Relationships & Sexuality --HPE 10
By the end of this class, you will be able to… • Name at least 3 STD’s • List 3 of the 4 common early symptoms of STD’s and explain that STD’s may be asymptomatic. • List at least 2 ways of reducing one’s STD risk. • Name the 2 STD’s that can be prevented by getting vaccinated.
Early symptoms of STD’s include: • Sores • Bumps • Itching • Unusual discharge • Pain in the lower abdomen (belly) • Burning (while urinating)
Some STD’s are ASYMPTOMATIC(have no symptoms at all)Many people do not know that they have an STD unless they get tested.
If you choose to be sexually active…. The best way to protect yourself and your partner from getting or giving an STD are:1. Abstinence: Not having oral, anal, or vaginal sex. 2. Only having sex with 1 other person, who only has sex with them, ever. 3. Using a condom every time they have sex.
Personal Check- Should you get tested for an STD? Click on the link below to see if you should get tested for an STD • http://www.plannedparenthood.org/all-access/check-26541.htm
Resources • CDC Website: Sexually Transmitted Diseases Fact Sheet: www.cdc.god/STD/HealthComm/fact_sheets.htm