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RESTORATION & ENLIGHTENMENT POETS PowerPoint Presentation
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RESTORATION & ENLIGHTENMENT POETS

RESTORATION & ENLIGHTENMENT POETS

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RESTORATION & ENLIGHTENMENT POETS

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  1. RESTORATION & ENLIGHTENMENT POETS 1660-1798

  2. 17th Century: Enlightenment • a reaction against the religious anxiety of the Reformation era • Charles II returned to power (1660) • philosophical movement • from WHY questions to HOW • natural phenomena explained by science • John Locke: political philosopher • Isaac Newton: gravity and motion

  3. 17th Century: Enlightenment • Growing middle class • audience for new literary forms • Journalism, essays, novels • Influential upper class (socially) • powdered wigs, makeup • fashion • their lifestyle was often satirized

  4. 18th Century: Age of Reason • order, balance, logic, reason • scientific inquiry • religion is far less of an issue, focus on the rational • Deism • societal views and educational discourse • women, too (private gatherings: circles, salons) • poetry served a public, not private function • social discourse • elegy, ode, satire, essay

  5. CENTRAL POETS • Alexander Pope 1688-1744 • Jonathan Swift 1667-1745 • Daniel Defoe 1660-1731 • Samuel Johnson 1709-1784