Enough is enough! How can we “amend” the Constitution to stop gun violence?
Federalism The division of power between the national government and the states. Why?
What will I learn today? • I can identify and define the power of the federal system. • I can provide examples of each power. • I can classify existing powers by type.
The Powers of Government in the Federal System Several types of powers: • Expressed powers • Implied powers • Inherent powers • Reserved powers • Concurrent Powers • Exclusive Powers • Denied Powers
Expressed Powers The powers specifically stated in the constitution. Most are given to Congress and stated in Article I section 8. They include the power to: • lay and collect taxes • provide for the common defense • regulate commerce • coin money • declare war
Implied Powers Powers that are not specifically stated, but reasonably understood. Example: Drafting soldiers Necessary and Proper Clause: Congress shall have the power “To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper. . .”
Inherent Powers Powers not stated, nor implied, but given to the federal government because the U.S. is a sovereign nation. Example: regulating immigration
Reserved Powers Issues not addressed by the Constitution are reserved to the states. Example: Education The Tenth Amendment: "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."
Concurrent Powers Powers shared by the federal and state governments. Example: Taxation
Exclusive Powers Powers that can only be exercised by the federal government. Example: Declaring war, coining money
Denied Powers Things the federal and states governments cannot do. Stated: Cannot favor one port over another. Article I, section 9 Implied: Cannot punish an accused person without a trial. Amendment VI States only: Cannot declare war.