Allusion: • A figure of speech that makes a reference to, or representation of, a place, event, literary work, myth, or work of art, either directly or by implication. • EX: In the movie Enchanted, there are numerous allusionsto Disney movies: Snow White, Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, The Little Mermaid, Mulan, Mary Poppins etc. • Enchanted Happy Working Song
Simile • Simile - a figure of speech in which two things, essentially different but thought to be alike, are compared using “like,” “as,” “as if,” or “such” for the purpose of explanation, allusion, or ornament. • Ex: Cute as a button, blind as a bat, life is like a box of chocolates.
Metaphor • Metaphor is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to a person, idea, or object to which it is not literally applicable. It is an implied comparison which imaginatively identifies one thing with another. • A is B. He is a lion. Knowledge is power. • It rained cats and dogs. • Fog By Carl Sandburg 1878–1967 The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.
Personification • A figure of speech where animals, ideas or inorganic objects are given human characteristics. • Ex: Music
Symbol/Symbolism • A symbol is a word, color, character or object that stands for something else. The object may be tangible, or it can be a larger concept/idea. • EX: The mockingjay in The Hunger Games is a symbol of the rebellion. Katniss herself, is also a symbol. • The Hunger Games
Motif • Is a reoccurring object, structure, or concept in a work that helps develop the major theme. A motif is usually symbolic, but it does not have to be. • EX: James Bond’s drink order. • Shaken not Stirred
Allegory • Allegory is a form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meanings that lie outside the narrative itself. • The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas such as charity, greed, or envy. • Thus an allegory is a story with two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning. • Ex: Avatar , fables, Dr. Seuss.
Theme • It is a thought or idea the author presents to the reader. It may be deep, difficult to understand, or even moralistic. The author utilizes the characters, plot, and other literary devices to assist the reader in this endeavor. • EX: Super Hero movies: Good vs. Evil, justice vs. revenge.
Foreshadowing • Hints or clues in the story that tell you what will happen next. • Ex: The music which comes with Miss Gulch’s sinister passing’s on her bicycle as well as the references to her as a witch – but there are also the little lines, Zeke’s encouragement to Dorothy about bravery and Hickory’s insistence that someday they will ‘erect a statue of him.’ ALL Pixar movies!
Juxtaposition: • The placement of two things (usually abstract concepts, though it can refer to physical objects) near each other. • EX: The juxtaposition of good and evil. • In Of Mice and Men we see the juxtaposition of the depression era and Dustbowl of the 1930’s with the roaring 20’s.
Character • Is the representation of a person in a narrative or dramatic work of art, such as a novel, play or film. In literature, characters guide readers through their stories, helping them to understand plots and ponder themes. • EX: The Office; Jim, Dwight, Michael. • Harry Potter, Katniss, Scarlett O’Hara.