Industrial Statistics in Bangladesh: Current Practice Md. Shamsul Alam,Director,BBS Md. Azadul Islam,Deputy Director,BBS
Presentation Outline Key Indicators of Bangladesh Industrial statistics: Current Practice Economic Census Survey of Manufacturing Industries (SMI) Objectives of SMI Sampling Frame for SMI Statistical Units Coverage of SMI 2005-2006 Cottage Industries Survey,2011 Limitation and Challenges
Key Indicators of Bangladesh • Population (million) : 152.25 • Area (sq.km) : 147750 • Population Growth Rate (percent) : 1.37 • Infant Mortality Rate (per thousand) : 36.0 • Life Expectancy at Birth (year) • Both sex :69.0 • Male :67.9 • Female :70.3 • Adult Literacy Rate (percent) • Male :62.5 Female :55.1
Key Indicators of Bangladesh (Contd.) • Per capita GDP(US$) : 838 • Per capita National Income(US$) : 923 • Sectoral Share of GDP(%) Agriculture : 18.70 Industry : 31.99 Service : 49.30 GDP Growth Rate (constant price) :6.03
Key Indicators of Bangladesh (Contd.) Labour Force 15+ (Million) • Total :56.7 • Male :39.5 • Female :17.2 Labour Force Participation Rate • Total :59.3 • Male :82.5 • Female :36.0 Percentage of Labour Force • Agriculture : 47.5 • Industry : 17.1 • Others : 35.4
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice As per International Recommendation of Industrial Statistics -2008, the Industrial Statistics are active primarily in the following areas: (i) Mining and quarrying; (ii) Manufacturing; (iii) Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply; (iv) Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice (contd.) • In the context of Bangladesh information on mining and quarrying, electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply; water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities are collected from secondary sources, mainly from government departments.
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice For the manufacturing sector the sources of data are as follows: • Economic census; • Survey of Manufacturing Industries (SMI); • Other ad-hoc surveys in the manufacturing sectors.
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice (contd.) Economic Census: • The first Economic Census of the country was held in December,1986 which covered selected information on industries, particularly on manufacturing industries. The items that were covered were number of establishments, total person engaged, working proprietors, unpaid family workers, full-time workers and part time workers. • The second economic census of the country was held in 2001& 2003. The census in urban areas were held in 2001 while census in rural areas were held 2003. Similar information on manufacturing sector were collected in the Economic Census 2001&2003. • The 3rd Economic Census of Bangladesh Was conducted during March-May,2013
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice (contd.) The main source of information of manufacturing sector in Bangladesh is the Survey of Manufacturing Industries (SMI). Bangladesh Bureau Of Statistics has been conducting the SMI since 1972-73 with irregular interval, the last one was conducted in 2012,the result of which is yet to finalize. The 2012 survey was conducted following Industrial Policy 2010.
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice (contd.) The main objective of SMI were to determine: • Ownership status; • Fixed assets by category ; • Value and quantity of raw materials consumed ; • Employment cost ; • Operating expenses ;
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice (contd.) • Inventories of physical assets ; • Cost and quantity of fuel consumed ; • Value of gross output ; • Value added and indirect taxes ; • Value of gross output etc.
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice (contd.) Sampling Frame for SMI: • Following the Economic Census 2001&2003 Business Registers were prepared in light of ISIC revision-3 for all establishment with person employed 10 and above. • The register for manufacturing industries were used sampling frame for SMI.
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice(contd.) Statistical Units: • Large scale manufacturing establishments (other than handloom establishments) with 50+ persons; • Medium scale manufacturing establishments (other than handloom establishments) with 10-49 persons; • Handloom establishments with 10+ persons.
Industrial Statistics: Current Practice (contd.) Coverage of SMI 2005-2006:
Cottage Industries Survey • Following the new industrial policy 2010 a Survey on Cottage Industry was conducted in 2011. • Cottage Industry is defined by those industries having fixed asset less than 0.5 million and employment size up to 09 persons including household members. • Around 30,000 industries were covered. • The preliminary result shows that there are more than 800,000 cottage industries in Bangladesh employing around 2.9 million people with GDP contribution of around 350,000 million BDT
Limitation and Challenges • Lack of updated frame; • Delay in providing data by the industries ; • Non-cooperation in data collection ; • Provide incomplete data ; • Provide misleading data ; • Provide no data at all ; • Lack of regular budget from government exchequer to conduct the survey ; • Inadequate manpower with proper skill.